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Women in American History

For US History - Jen Carellas, Sam Newman, Sabaat Kareem
by

Loren Po

on 17 May 2014

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Transcript of Women in American History

design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
But what
was
the
"private sphere"
?
The private sphere was the part of life that mostly concerned with the home - cooking, cleaning, taking care of the children and the husband
Women were expected to aspire to the perfect "womanhood" - being pure, virtuous, pious, submissive and domestic
Significant Women from the 16th-18th Century
Women in Politics
Are women still mistreated today?

Goal
W men in American H story
Presented to you by:
Jen Carellas, Sabaat Kareem, Sam Newman, and Loren Po
...
What is there to Learn?
How were women oppressed in society from the 16th to 18th centuries? What rights were they excluded from? Why were they put in this position?

Who are some examples of women (between the 16th and 18th centuries) who overcame this oppression?

How have women contributed to politics and how were they included? How did they include themselves in politics?

Are women still underrepresented today? If so, what are the major components of modern misogyny? How does this affect society?
How Were Women Oppressed in society?
To accomplish this -
Women were not educated esp. in 16th century (at least not as much as men)
Expected to"focus on practical domestic pursuits and activities that encouraged the betterment of their families"
Not encouraged to work outside of the home until 18th century
Women were expected by society to stay in their
"private sphere"
"Discouraged from directly expressing political views counter to their husbands' or to broadly condemn established systems"
(Zinn, Howard),("Introduction")
Primary Source
"Woman has been placed by John Quincy Adams, side by side with the slave, whilst he was contending for the right of petition"
"Woman has more or less been made a means to promote the welfare of man"
"She has too well learned the lesson which man has labored to teach her. She has surrendered her dearest right, and has been satisfied with the privileges which man has assumed to grant her..."
"There are few things which present greater obstacles to the improvement and elevation of woman to her appropriate sphere of usefulness and duty, than the laws which have been enacted to destroy her independence, and crush her individuality"
Sarah Grimke - abolitionist & feminist
Yes
Women exist for men
"really really bright red lipstick, because
gross you are going to get that on me
."

"It's one of those things where you're
trying too hard
"




This article promotes the idea that women
dress/live for men rather than themselves
.

Women dress for themselves!!!

"trying too hard" implies a woman dresses solely to get a man

You would never see an article like this one about men.
Women
cannot
tell men what to do.

**
this plays into victim blaming because people cannot comprehend a woman not trying to impress men with her clothes
**


Rape Culture
"
one in three
women will be victim of stalking, sexual harassment, or sexual violence in her lifetime."

"only
8%
of rapes are stranger rapes"




The Wage Gap
"In 2010 women who worked full time, year round, still only earned 77% of what men earned."

"At every level of academic achievement, women’s median earnings are less than men’s earnings."

"same kind of college, same grades—holding the same kinds of jobs, and having made the same choices about marriage and number of kids. They found that college-educated women earn 5 percent less the first year out of school than their male peers. Ten years later, even if they keep working on par with those men, the women earn 12 percent less."
"I am well assured the acting out of improper province and invading his, would be an excusable breach of prudence; as his superior understanding (without any other consideration,) would point him to dictate, and leave me nothing but the easy task of obeying"
-Eliza Lucas, wife of the speaker of the South Carolina Assembly
The "slut"
Slut is just a girl with a libido, whereas a boy with a libido is just a boy.
The Virgin
Girls
lose
something when they have sex-
their hymen breaks: making them
dirty/tainted


Virginity is a social construct created by society!
Women are convinced they lose their purity when they have sex
Female sexuality is hidden
Men are never told they are dirty or wrong for losing their virginity
Why would a woman be dirty if she had sex anyway?
“Slut” promotes the idea that girls can’t have sex without being "dirty".

...but if a man does the same, no one cares...

This plays into rape culture:
Men think if a girl wears a bodycon dress and heels at night she must be a slut (looking for sex 24/7 without fail).
Slut
"that by getting drunk, dressing sexy and flirting,
girls and women are responsible for the horrific violence
committed against them"
In rape cases the victim is asked what she was wearing...as if it even matters

What a woman was wearing DOES NOT excuse (EVEN A BIT) the rape! It does not make it her fault at all!

Just because a woman isn't wearing much does not mean
"she is asking for it"

we should not be telling women they are in the wrong because they are wearing something short

we should be telling men not to rape


When preteen boys play video games and say:
"I'm going to rape you!"
They do not mean I'm going to have sex with you
or I am attracted to you.

They mean I am going to dominate you and humiliate you.

That is what rape is and even preteen boys know it.
It's about
dominance
not sex.
Stereotypes
People still think
(although maybe not consciously)

-
that women are worth less as workers than men

-
that women should stay home and take care of the kids

-
That women are weaker than men, thus making them worse leaders.

-
These stereotypes are built into us from birth, everyone in this room has them.
What were the effects of the private sphere?
Women were raised to stay within their private spheres
Men also grew accustomed to keeping the women in the home
It became much harder for women to break out of their sphere to follow their passions
Reform Groups
The Female Anti-Slavery Society of Philadelphia
National Women’s Loyal League
National Women’s Suffragist Association
American Women’s Suffragist Association
Struggles/ Challenges
Private sphere
Patriarchal societies
Once elected women hold lesser values government positions
P R I V A T E
Seneca Falls Convention
“The nobleman cannot make just laws for the peasant; the slaveholder for the slave; neither can man make and execute just laws for woman, because in each case, the one in power fails to apply the immutable principles of right to any grade but his own. Shall an erring woman be dragged before a bar of grimvisaged judges, lawyers and jurors, there to be grossly questioned in public on subjects which women scarce breathe in secret to one another? Shall the most sacred relations of life be called up and rudely scanned by men who, by their own admission, are so coarse that women could not meet them even at the polls without contamination? and yet shall she find there no woman's face or voice to pity and defend?”

-Elizabeth Cady Stanton, State Woman’s Rights Convention

1874
1878
1893
1879
1872
1776
Abigail Adams
Victoria Woodhull
challenge of the 15th Amendment
women’s suffrage Amendment
argument in front of Supreme Court
Mary Elizabeth Lease
1874
1878
1893
1879
1872
1776
Abigail Adams
Women of Political Power
Hillary Clinton- former first lady, secretary of state
Dianne Feinstein- CA Democrat in Senate, chair in Senate Intelligence Committee
Mary Kay Henry- Service Employees International Union President
Leslie Hortum- former senior vice president US Chamber of Commerce
Karen Ignani- head of America’s Health Insurance Plans
Lisa Jackson- EPA
Elena Kagan- Supreme Court Justice
Cathy Rodgers- vice chair of House Republican Conference
Janet Napolitano- head of Homeland Security Department

“He spares her body; but the war he has waged against her mind, her heart, and her soul, has been no less destructive to her as a moral being”
-Sarah Grimke
("Introduction")
[McPeck]
[McPeck]
[McPeck]
[Krupnick]
[Krupnick]
[Bell]
[Bell]
[Bell]
[The Top]
[The Top]
"
"
So many more
I can't touch on every example of misogyny there is on modern day, but if you pay attention you can find it every single place you go at all times.

Works Cited
Loren
:
Grimke, Sarah. "Letters on the Equality of the Sexes, and the Condition of Woman." Digital History. Digital History, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014.

Lucas, Eliza. "Assuming Adult Responsibilities." Digital History. Digital History, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014.

Lucas, Eliza. "Responding to Advice From Her Father About How To Behave as a Wife."Digital History. Digital History, n.d. Web. 22 Jan. 2014.

"Introduction" Feminism in Literature Ed. Jessica Bomarito, Jeffrey W. Hunter. Vol. 1. Gale Cengage 2005 eNotes.com 23 Jan, 2014

"The Emergence of "Women's Sphere"" Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 21 Jan. 2014.

Zinn, Howard. "The Intimately Oppressed." The Intimately Oppressed. History Is a Weapon, n.d. Web. 23 Jan. 2014.
("The Emergence of "Women's Sphere")
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Widely known as one of the founding women involved in women's rights movement
because,…
After she and her husband went to London for an anti-slavery convention, Lucretia Mott and Stanton were offended by the exclusion of women so they held the first Woman’s Rights convention at Seneca Falls, New York in 1848

Harriet Beecher Stowe
Stowe was an American abolitionist who wrote the anti-slavery novel Uncle Toms Cabin.
Her book was significant because it inspired antislavery forces in the north while it made the south angry.

Elizabeth Blackwell
She was the first women to ever graduate from a medical school in the united states
After she graduated, Blackwell made her own medical school for women
Then, she moved back to London where she was originally from and set up her own practice there.

Angela Grimke
She became a part of the Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society where she wrote an abolitionist pamphlet “An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South” published in 1836.
Grimke was also involved with women's rights and she wrote a series of letters about it in the abolitionist Liberator.
Sarah Moore Grimke
Elder sister of Angela Grimke
American abolitionist and women's rights activist
published Letters on the Equality of the Sexes which was a book that clearly shared her feminist beliefs

Amelia Bloomer
She was involved with women's rights
Bloomer belonged to the suffrage and temperance movements.
She fought for a dress reform for women that included looser shirts and shorter skirts with a pair of pants underneath.
Because of her, this outfit was called “bloomers”

Lucy Stone
She helped organize a women's rights convention in Worcester, Massachusetts.
Stone took the lead in organizing the American Woman Suffrage Association.
She and her husband started a newspaper called the “Women’s Journal”
Spent her life dedicate to Women’s rights

Primary source
Ernestine Rose's speech at the Women's Rights Convention
Worcester, Massachusetts in October 15, 1851
Ernestine Rose, born in a Jewish community in Poland, left her home alone at a young age and came to the United States, where she associated herself with controversial issues including those regarding women’s rights. In 1851, at the second national convention for Women's Rights, Ernestine made a dramatic speech, so impactful that it was later reprinted and circulated.
“From the cradle to the grave [woman] is subject to the power and control of man. Father, guardian, or husband, one conveys her like some piece of merchandise over to the other.
At marriage she loses her entire identity, and her being is said to have become merged in her husband. Has nature thus merged it? Has she ceased to exist and feel pleasure and pain?...What an inconsistency that from the moment she enters the compact in which she assumes the high responsibility of wife and mother, she ceases legally to exist and becomes a purely submissive being. Blind submission in women is considered a virtue, while submission to wrong is itself wrong, and resistance to wrong is virtue alike in women as in man.”

"Colonial Quills: Eliza Lucas Pinckney and Indigo in South Carolina." Colonial Quills: Eliza Lucas Pinckney and Indigo in South Carolina. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
"Elizabeth Cady Stanton." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 03 Feb. 2014.
"Abigail Adams." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
"Mary Elizabeth Lease." - Kansapedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
"Elizabeth Cady Stanton Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.
"Harriet Beecher Stowe Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.
"Elizabeth Blackwell." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Feb. 2014. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.​
Sabaat
:

Bell, Rachel. "Sexualization of Girls Teaches Boys to Be Sexually Violent." Is Childhood
Becoming Too Sexualized. Olivia Ferguson and Hayley Mitchell Haugen. Detroit:
Greenhaven Press, 2010. At Issue. Rpt. from "Our Sexual Obsession Damages Boys
as Well as Girls." Independent 15 July 2008. Opposing Viewpoints in Context. Web. 5
Feb. 2014.

"4 Ways We're Programmed to Think Women Aren't Funny." Cracked.com. N.p.,
n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.

Krupnick, Ellie. "23 Trends Guys Hate (But Women Love)." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 18 Nov. 2013. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.

"A Manifesto for Third Wave Feminism." Alternet. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.

McPeck-Stringham, Marisa. "FYI (If You're a Teenage Boy)." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 06 Sept. 2013. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.

"Modern Feminism." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 05
Feb. 2014.

"The Top 10 Facts About the Wage Gap." Name. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.


Krupnick, Ellie. "23 Trends Guys Hate (But Women Love)." The Huffington Post.
TheHuffingtonPost.com, 18 Nov. 2013. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.


Jen:

Rowbotham, Sheila. A Century of Women: The History of Women in Britain and the United States. London: Viking, 1997. Print.

O'Dea, Suzanne. From Suffrage to the Senate: An Encyclopedia of American Women in Politics. Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 1999. Print.

"A Timeline of Women’s Contributions to American Political History." NO QUARTER USA NET RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.

National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 18 Jan. 2014. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.

"Uicef.org." Uicef.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
Sam
:

"Amelia Bloomer Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014.

"National Women's History Museum." Education & Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014. (used for information about Stanton)

Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. (used for information about Stowe)

"Elizabeth Blackwell Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014. (used for information about Blackwell)

"National Women's History Museum." National Women's History Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. ( used for information about Grimke)

Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. (used for timeline)

"Sojourner Truth." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 May 2014. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. (used for Truth)

"National Women's History Museum." Education & Resources. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2014. (used for A. Grimke)

"Elizabeth Blackwell." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Feb. 2014. Web. 05 Feb. 2014. (used for Blackwell)

"Harriet Beecher Stowe." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 02 Apr. 2014. Web. 04 Feb. 2014. (used for Stowe)

Photos, 11. National Parks Service. National Parks Service, 15 Jan. 2014. Web. 03 Feb. 2014. (used for Stanton)

Thanks For Watching
Cast/Credits:
Primary Source:
"Sarah Grimké (1792–1873) and Angelina Grimké Weld (1805–1879)." Open Collections Program: Women Working,. N.p., n.d. Web. 04 Feb. 2014.
"Sarah Moore Grimke." Wikipedia. Wikipedia, n.d. Web. 6 Feb. 2014.
Amelia Bloomer." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
"Amelia Bloomer." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 30 Jan. 2014. Web. 06 Feb. 2014.
Not allowed to vote or directly influence politics in any way outside of their husbands
Full transcript