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Copy of Dictionary Skills Lessons

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by

Lacy Duvall

on 24 February 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Dictionary Skills Lessons

Which meaning is it?
Find the
definition
of a word.
Find out how to

pronounce

a word.
Learn the

parts of

speech
of a word.
Find

synonyms
(or
antonyms
)
of a word.
Determine how many

syllables

are in a word.
See how to
spell
a word.
What do people use
Dictionary Skills
for?
Multiple-Meaning Words
Multiple-Meaning Words And
Parts of Speech
Each
part of speech
explains not what the word is, but how the word is used. In fact, the same word can be a
noun
in one sentence and a
verb
in the next. To determine the meaning of a word with more than one meaning, look at how the word is used in context
.
Which meaning is it?
Use the student dictionary to determine the meaning of the words in
purple
bold, based on context clues.

It was April Fool’s Day. Stewie decided to
play (1)
a trick on his friend Brian. He asked Chris to
play (2)
along with his scheme.

Use the student dictionary to determine the
meaning
and
part of speech
of the
purple
bold words based on context clues.

The Griffin family is a very talented family. Tonight, Peter will
play (1)
the part of King Arthur in the community theater’s
play (2)
, Excalibur, while his son Stewie will
play (3)
his guitar in the orchestra. .

Dictionary Skills Lesson
by Mr. Jimenez

Example: The word
Play
1.
Justin can

play

the guitar.

2.
We are going to see a

play
based on the TV show Glee.
Play

means different thing things in each sentence. In the first sentence,
play
indicates an action
(verb)
. In the second sentence,
play
is a thing
(noun)
.
Which meaning is it?
Which is the
meaning
and the
part of speech
being used in the sentence ?
During Medieval Times, it's fun to watch the knights

charge

each other.
Answer:
=

During Medieval Times, it's fun to watch the knights

charge

each other.
Multiple-meaning words
have more than one definition.
For Example:
Think of all the different ways you can use the words
ruler
,
runny
or
bark
in a sentence.
Stewie decided to
play (1)
a trick on his friend
Brian.


He asked Chris to
play (2)
along with his scheme.
Answers:
Verb
Play 2=6 d. to do for amusement or from mischief
Verb
Play 2=3c. to take part in
Peter will
play (1)
the part of King Arthur in the community theater’s
play (2)
, Excaliber, while her brother Stewie will
play (3)
his guitar in the orchestra. .
Answers
Verb
Play 2 = 6b. to perform on or as if on stage
Noun
Play 1= 4a. the stage representation of an action or story
Verb
Play 2= 4a. to perform on a musical
instrument
a.
n.
the price demanded for something b.
n.
having control or custody of someone or something
c.
v.
a violent rush, attack
d.
v.
to ask or set a price
Which meaning is it?
The
party
of mountain climbers got their gear together and were ready to go.

Which is the
meaning
and
part of speech
being used in the sentence?
a.
n.
a group of persons organized for the purpose of directing the policies of a government
b.
n.
a person or group participating in an action or event
c.
n.
a social gathering
d.
v.
to attend or give a party
Answers
b.
n.
a person or group participating in an action or event
The
party
of mountain climbers got their gear together and were ready to go.
Which meaning is it?
The farmer will sell his
produce
at the farmer’s market.
Which is the
meaning
and
part of speech
being used in the sentence?

a.
v.
to make
b.
v.
to oversee the making of
c.
n.
agricultural products, especially fresh fruits and vegetables
Answer
c.
n.
agricultural products, especially fresh fruits and vegetables
The farmer will sell his
produce
at the farmer’s market.
Stewie and Brian
produce
a movie.
The cow
produces
milk.
c.

v.
a violent rush, attack
Linda
charges
the lady at the register.
The
produce
spoiled from the intense heat.
The rams
charge
at each other.
The search
party
looks for Homer in the mountain.
The democratic
party
decides on what laws to pass.
They threw a
party
for Lois.
noun
, plural

libraries
,

noun
,
librarian
sample sentence/phrase
entry

We have a great reference section in our
library
.
li-brar-y
An up close look at a DICTIONARY ENTRY…
illustration
liberate lifelong
The numbers show the many definitions a word may have.

(lye-brer-ee)
noun

verb

A place where books, magazines, newspaper, tapes and videos are kept for reading or borrowing.
pronunciation
Part of speech
guide words
1.
Worksheet #1
Worksheet #2
Worksheet #3
Time to Test Your
Knowledge.....
run·ny
/ˈrənē/
Part of Speech:

adjective

adjective
: runny; comparative
adjective
: runnier; superlative
adjective
: runniest

1. (of a person's nose) producing or discharging mucus; running. dripping. "a runny spout"

2. somewhat liquid; not firm. "the soufflé was hard on top and quite runny underneath"
synonyms
: liquefied, liquid, fluid, melted, molten; More
antonyms
: solid


Runny
Defined
rul·er
/ˈro͞olər/

Part of Speech:
Noun

noun
: ruler; plural
noun
: rulers

1. a person exercising government or dominion.
synonyms
: leader, sovereign, monarch, potentate, king, queen, emperor, empress, prince, princess; More
antonyms
: subject ASTROLOGY another term for ruling planet.

2. a straight strip or cylinder of plastic, wood, metal, or other rigid material, typically marked at regular intervals, to draw straight lines or measure distances.
Ruler
Defined
Bark
Defined
bark

/bärk/
Part of Speech:
noun
1. the tough, protective outer sheath of the trunk, branches, and twigs of a tree or woody shrub.
synonyms
: rind, skin, peel, covering; More the bark of a tree used for tanning leather, making dyestuffs, or as a mulch in gardening.

2. the sharp explosive cry of certain animals, esp. a dog, fox, or seal.
synonyms
: woof, yap, yelp, bay
Peter has a
runny
nose.
Brian
barks
at the stranger.
The
bark
on the tree seemed to be splitting.
The
ruler
of England greets the boys from One Direction.
8
Parts of Speech

Noun
Verb
Adjectives
Pronoun
Adverbs
Prepositions
Conjunctions
Interjections
VERB

NOUN
There was a service
charge
for, Peter, for buying his plane ticket at the last minute.
Mario
parties
all night with his friends.
Overview
How can dictionary skills help us out?
Find the
definition
of a word.
Find out how to

pronounce

a word.
Learn the

parts of speech
of a word.
Find

synonyms
(or
antonyms
)
of a word.
Determine how many

syllables

are in a word.
See how to
spell
a word.
How can
parts of speech
help us figure out what a word means?
It can help you figure out in what context a word is being used in the sentence, which makes it easier to identify the correct meaning of the word via dictionary.
Using
Context Clues
To Figure Out The Meaning Of A Word
One way to figure out the meaning of a word is from its
context clues
. The
context clues
are the other words and sentences that are around the new word. When you figure out the meaning of a word from
context
, you are making a guess about what the word means. To do this, you use the
hints
and
clues
of the other words and sentences.
Examples:
1. Some dogs can be trained to respond to
gestures
instead of sounds; for example, a
hand pointing
in a certain direction, an
open hand
,
palm down
, or
arms outstretched
can be used to mean go sit or come to a well-trained dog.
ges·ture
/ˈjesCHər/
noun
plural noun: gestures
1. a movement of part of the body, esp. a hand or the head, to express an idea or meaning.
2. If you want to save gas, trade in your big car and get a
compact
car.

com·pact
/kəmˈpakt,käm-,ˈkämˌpakt/
adjective
1. closely and neatly packed together; dense.
How can
context clues
help us figure out the meaning of a word?
Context clues
can help us by providing us with
hints
and
clues
from other words in the same sentence.
Full transcript