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Typology

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by

Jo Kok

on 16 April 2010

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Transcript of Typology

Linear Simple Row Houses Fichtenweg Residences, Austria L Shaped with Shared Pool La Loma de Sotolivar Homes, Spain The Big House at Ypenburg
The Netherlands Large Shared Backyard and Christopher Alexander's Town Patterns 67. Common Land Shared Central Carpark Jetty Houses, The Netherlands Private Back Lanes Homes in West End, Usa 69. Public Outdoor Room 36. Degrees of Publicness 38. Row Houses 60. Accessible Green 61. Small Public Square 37. House Cluster 68. Connected Play 59. Quiet Backs 25. Access to Water Double Access La Pastora, Spain Courtyard House Twelve Homes in Gorraiz Community Pool Wharf The Sphinxes The Netherlands Homes in Vroonermeer The Netherlands Residences in Jois The Netherlands Typology Casa Del Mar Neighborhood Spain Contours Back to Back Hacienda El Penon, Chile Attached Dettached Donnybrook Quarter, Uk Individual Buildings 21 Residences in Oosterheem Crescent Homes in Nieuw Vennep Netherlands Royal Crescent, Bath Uk Espaces Abraxes, Paris, France 48 Houses in Assen,
Netherlands Cluster 39. Housing Hill 14. Identifiable Neighborhood 15. Neighborhood Boundary Identifiable clusters of 8 t0 12 households around common land and paths Always preserve a belt of common land immediately beside the water. Allow dense settlements to come right down to the water only at infrequent intervals. Form neighborhood boundaries by closing down streets and limiting access. Place gateways at those points where restricted paths cross the boundary. Make the boundary zone wide enough to contain meetings by neighborhoods. For row houses, place houses along pedestrian paths that run at right angles to local roads and parking lots, and give each house a long frontage and shallow depth Give over 25% of the land in house clusters to common land which touches or is very near homes which share it. Lay out common land, paths, gardens, and bridges so that at least 64 households are connected by a swath of land that does not cross traffic. This land is connected play for children. Make a piece of common land into an outdoor room, a partly enclosed space, with roof and columns but no walls. Place it beside an important path and within view of many homes. Give buildings a quiet back behind them. Build a walk along this quiet back, far enough from the building for solar access. Make certain the path is not a shortcut for busy foot traffice. Connect this path up with other quiet paths to form a long ribbon of alleyways which converge into local spaces. Build one open public green within 3 min walk of every house. Make the green at least 45 metres accross. Define neighborhoods that are not more than 300 m across and no more than 500 inhabitants. Keep major roads outside the neighborhood. For more than 30 dwellings per hectare, build a hill of houses to form stepped terraces sloping toward north served by a great central open stair and leads to a common garden. Make a clear distinction between 3 kinds of homes. Those on quiet winding paths, those on busy streets, and those in between. Make a public square no more than 15 to 18 m accross. This applies to its short direction. It can be longer in the long direction 1. Go to the Library 2. 3. Draw Relationships! Start! Embarking on the study of Typology Get a Classic After charting and analysing... This presentation will take you through an attempt of understanding housing typology and patterns. And off we go... What are their interior spaces like? What about examples which do not have an obvious neighborhood typology? 2 examples are singled out to be studied Water Villas in Almere, The Netherlands The buildings do not seem to contribute much to the neighborhood around it.
Twelve Houses in Gorraiz,
Spain In the process of designing a housing typology and neighborhood that is architecturally sexy and still ticks the all the planning boxes. So what? MORE WORK
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