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Techniques of the Body, by Marcel Mauss

Anthropology, Sociology, Psychology

melissa Davis

on 22 February 2011

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Transcript of Techniques of the Body, by Marcel Mauss

Marcel Mauss (1872-1950)
Collaborative research
Ethnographic comparison
Concrete to the abstract

Why we move how we do? Our way of being?
Movements of the same type, specific to a society, at a given time?

Habits that..
vary between societies, educations, fashions, and statuses
developed out of collective and individual practical reasons
are learned "Total Man" Biological, Psychological, Sociological influences “Our individual consciousness arises out of collective consciousness” 4 principles of the classification of body techniques:

1.Sexual division of body techniques
2.Variations of body techniques with age
3.Classification of body techniques according to efficiency
4.Transmission of the form of the techniques Mauss liked to categorize Biographical list of body techniques:

Include techniques of birth, infancy, adolescence, adult life, sleep, waking, movement, care for the body, consumption, and reproduction. Techniques of the Body “There is no technique and no transmission in the absence of tradition. This above all is what distinguishes man from the animals: the transmission of his techniques and very probably their oral transmission”
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