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Difference between Maslow and Herzberg- INTRO
Transcript of Difference between Maslow and Herzberg- INTRO
Maslow's theory is based on the concept of human needs and their satisfaction.
Hertzberg's theory is based on the use of motivators which include achievement, recognition and opportunity for growth. Maslows Motivational theories Herzberg's Motivational theory Psychologist Abraham Maslow first introduced his concept of a hierarchy of needs in his 1943 paper "A Theory of Human Motivation"
This hierarchy is most often displayed as a pyramid. The lowest levels of the pyramid are made up of the most basic needs, while the more complex needs are located at the top of the pyramid. Needs at the bottom of the pyramid are basic physical requirements including the need for food, water, sleep, and warmth. The two-factor theory (also known as Herzberg's motivation-hygiene theory and dual-factor theory) states that there are certain factors in the workplace that cause job satisfaction, while a separate set of factors cause dissatisfaction. It was developed by Frederick Herzberg, a psychologist, who theorized that job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction act independently of each other Maslow motivational theories Herzberg's Motivational theories These include the most basic needs that are vital to survival, such as the need for water, air, food, and sleep. Maslow believed that these needs are the most basic and instinctive needs in the hierarchy because all needs become secondary until these physiological needs are met. These include needs for safety and security. Security needs are important for survival, but they are not as demanding as the physiological needs. Examples of security needs include a desire for steady employment, health insurance, safe neighborhoods, and shelter from the environment. These include needs for belonging, love, and affection. Maslow considered these needs to be less basic than physiological and security needs. Relationships such as friendships, romantic attachments, and families help fulfill this need for companionship and acceptance, as does involvement in social, community, or religious groups. After the first three needs have been satisfied, esteem needs becomes increasingly important. These include the need for things that reflect on self-esteem, personal worth, social recognition, and accomplishment. This is the highest level of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Self-actualizing people are self-aware, concerned with personal growth, less concerned with the opinions of others, and interested fulfilling their potential. Two-factor theory distinguishes between:
Motivators (e.g. challenging work, recognition, responsibility) that give positive satisfaction, arising from intrinsic conditions of the job itself, such as recognition, achievement, or personal growth, and
Hygiene factors (e.g. status, job security, salary, fringe benefits, work conditions) that do not give positive satisfaction, though dissatisfaction results from their absence. These are extrinsic to the work itself, and include aspects such as company policies, supervisory practices, or wages/salary. 2. Basis of Theory
Maslow's theory is based on the hierarchy of human needs. He identified five sets of human needs (on priority basis) and their satisfaction in motivating employees.
Hertzberg refers to hygiene factors and motivating factors in his theory. Hygiene factors are dissatisfiers while motivating factors motivate subordinates. Hierarchical arrangement of needs is not given. 3. Nature of Theory ↓
Maslow's theory is rather simple and descriptive. The theory is based long experience about human needs.Hertzberg's theory is more prescriptive. It suggests the motivating factors which can be used effectively. This theory is based on actual information collected by Hertzberg by interviewing 200 engineers and accountants. 4. Applicability of Theory ↓
Maslow's theory is most popular and widely cited theory of motivation and has wide applicability. It is mostly applicable to poor and developing countries where money is still a big motivating factor.Herzberg's theory is an extension of Maslow's theory of motivation. Its applicability is narrow. It is applicable to rich and developed countries where money is less important motivating factor. 5. Descriptive or Prescriptive ↓
Maslow's theory or model is descriptive in nature.
Herzberg's theory or model is prescriptive in nature. 6. Motivators ↓
According to Maslow's model, any need can act as motivator provided it is not satisfied or relatively less satisfied.In the dual factor model of Hertzberg, hygiene factors (lower level needs) do not act as motivators. Only the higher order needs (achievement, recognition, challenging work) act as motivators. Since Abraham Maslow was a pioneer in the field of psychology so his theories have to do a lot on the individual thinking that can be generalized across the globe and Abraham Maslow purposely used to spend time with productive and successful individuals.
The basis of Maslow’s motivational theory is that human beings are motivated by various factors and that certain lower factors need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied. According to Maslow, there are general types of needs (physiological, survival. Safety, love and esteem) that must be satisfied before a person can act unselfishly. He called these needs “deficiency needs.’ As long as we are motivated to satisfy these cravings, we are moving towards growth, towards self actualization. Satisfying needs is healthy, while preventing gratification makes us sick or act evilly.Herzberg is a follower of Maslow’s theory because he is prioritizing the needs Basic needs: job security, job policies these are hygiene factors Motivation factors: achievement, special responsibility, holding an important position, reaching a very high level in the organization The state of mind, including confidence and attitude, of an individual or group. Morale affects the quantity and quality of work performed and the ability to achieve assigned tasks. Morale Motivation An inner drive that directs a persons behavior towards a goal or satisfaction of a need There are different theories on Motivation, aimed to motivate the employees in an organisation towards reaching set goals and objectives.
Two of the theories that focuses on motivation are formed by Herzberg and Maslow. Physiological Security Social Esteem Self Actualization Conclusioin Any Questions Thank you