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E9.1.19th Century Ideologies

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by

Eric Duncan

on 17 December 2015

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Transcript of E9.1.19th Century Ideologies

19th Century Ideologies
Conservatism
Dominant Nineteenth Century Ideology
Beliefs
Wealth should be based on land
Support for organized religion
Opposition to nationalism
Support of monarchy
Liberalism
Socialism
Nationalism
19th Cent. Liberalism
"All me"
The individual
is self-sufficient
's freedom is the top priority
Liberals tended to be middle class
Supported laissez-faire
"Natural Rights"
19th Cent. Liberalism
Promote middle class
Reform over revolution
Need for a constitution and contracts
Rousseau
Haydn's "Symphony No. 48"
Liberal Education
Education should create a free-thinking individual (within reason, of course) with a strong sense of personal responsibility.
Socialism
Emphasized the misery of the working class
Led by middle class thinkers (Bentham, Marx, Mill)
Beliefs
Wealth is too concentrated and must be peacefully & fairly distributed
Mill
Socialism - John Lennon's "Imagine"
Utopian Socialists
Open factories with fairer wages, shorter work hours, and free child education.
Fourier
Communism
"Scientific socialism"
Developed by Karl Marx
Communist Manifesto
Distribution of wealth is inevitable and would be violent
Marx
Lee Greenwood's "God Bless the USA"
Nationalism
The most popular 19th Century ideology
"Imagined communities"
Common language, soil, traditions, history and culture
Originally romantic and cosmopolitan
Filled the void of religion
Johann Herder
Every nation or nationality has a unique spirit or
Volksgeist
Conservatism
Liberalism
Socialism
Nationalism
Full transcript