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Transcript of Heart Attack
What causes a heart attack
Signs and Symptoms of a heart attack in men
One sign that a man is having a heart attack is pain, pressure, or discomfort in his chest. Discomfort or pain in his neck, arm, or jaw. Another symptom is nausea, shortness of breath, sweating, or lightheadedness.
Signs and Symptoms a female is having a heart attack.
One sign that a female is having a heart attack is chest pain or discomfort. Another sign is pain in their arms, neck, jaw, or back. One sign that people mistake for something else is stomach pain. Women will experience shortness of breath, lightheadedness, or nausea. Another sign is sweating. Women will often feel fatigue.
Treatment of a heart attack
An angioplasty is sometimes performed to open the coronary artery and let blood flow. Morphine is sometimes used to help with pain. Aspirin is used to thin the blood and allows it to flow.
1. Don't smoke. Smoking can lead to narrowing of blood vessels and arteries in the heart.
2. Exercise. Exercising can reduce the risk of heart disease and can control your weight so it won't lead to other things that can strain your heart.
3. Have regular doctor visits. Doctors can check to see if you have any health problems and can prescribe you medicine for it so your heart isn't at risk.
What is a heart attack?
A heart attack is a sudden clot of blood in the heart that can kill a heart muscle.
One cause of heart attacks is when the coronary arteries become blocked with fatty plaque. Another cause is when there is a blood clot in the heart.
How to prevent a heart attack
How to diagnose a heart attack
1. ECG. ECG tells how much damage has been done to your heart.
2. Blood Tests. Blood is drawn to test the levels of cardiac enzymes as to see how much damage has been done to the heart.
3. Echocardiography. Image testing used to see what areas of the heart aren't pumping correctly.
4. Cardiac Catheterization. Helps the doctor to visualize the blocked artery and determine the best solution.