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Autism

Psych Presentation 11-4-13
by

Katie Moss

on 30 August 2014

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Transcript of Autism

Autism
What is Autism?
Autism is known as a complex development disability and experts believe that autism presents itself the first three years of a person’s life.
How common is Autism?
Today, it is estimated that one in every 110 children is diagnosed with autism, making it more common than childhood cancer, juvenile diabetes and pediatric AIDS combined.

An estimated 1.5 million individuals in the U.S. and tens of millions worldwide are affected by autism. Government statistics suggest the prevalence rate of autism is increasing 10-17 percent annually. There is not an explanation for the increase

Studies suggest boys are more likely than girls to develop autism and receive the diagnosis three to four times more frequently. In the United States alone, one out of 70 boys is diagnosed with autism.



What causes Autism?
The exact cause of autism is not known, but research has pointed to several possible factors, including:

genetics (heredity)

metabolic or neurological factors

certain types of infections

problems occurring at birth
What are the symptoms?
How is Autism treated?
No cure exists for autism, and there is no one-size-fits-all treatment. The range of home-based and school-based treatments and interventions for autism can be overwhelming.

The goal of treatment is to maximize your child's ability to function by reducing autism symptoms and supporting development and learning. Treatment options may include:

Behavior and communication therapies

Educational therapies

Family therapies

Medications
Video Clip
References
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/info/autism/
Family Ties
What the Puzzle piece means
The puzzle pattern reflects the mystery and complexity of the autism spectrum. The different colors and shapes represent the diversity of the people and families living with the condition.

The brightness of the ribbon signals hope — hope that increased awareness of autism
Children with autism can display a wide range of symptoms, which can vary in severity from mild to disabling.

General symptoms that may be present to some degree in a child with autism include:

Difficulty with verbal communication, including problems using and understanding language

Inability to participate in a conversation, even when the child has the ability to speak

Difficulty with non-verbal communication, such as gestures and facial expressions

Difficulty with social interaction; difficulty making friends and preferring to play alone

Unusual ways of playing with toys and other objects, such as only lining them up a certain way

Difficulty adjusting to changes in routine or familiar surroundings

Repetitive body movements, or patterns of behavior, such as hand flapping, spinning, and head banging
Everyday Santino faces a world that for him can be overwhelming and scary.
His little body struggles with the pain of sensory dysfunction as he tries to find some
input that will give him calm and rest. He functions within a rigorous schedule of work and
therapy to overcome every obstacle autism has put in his path. However, Santino has something most of us lack or struggle to maintain joy and a smile that lights up the room.

It is with much excitement that team Santino’s Voice embarked on its 5th year of participating in the Detroit Free Press Marathon. Santino, who runs the marathon of autism every day. That is exactly what autism is like...running a marathon. This year he participated in the 5k and completed it with his mom, dad and brother right by his side.



http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/autism/DS00348/DSECTION=treatments-and-drugs
http://www.nssed.org/resources/autism
http://www.webmd.com/brain/autism/mental-health-autism
(stop when 1 in every 166 children is autistic comes up)
Interactive Survey
How many children is diagnosed with Autism?
1 in 110
Which gender is more likely to develop Autism?
Boys more than girls
How is Autism treated?
There is no treatment; have it for life
Full transcript