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Artificial Organs

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by

Joseph Kim

on 2 March 2013

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Transcript of Artificial Organs

Artificial Organs photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Man made organs that restore organs to the body
Devices that require stationary resources are not recognized as artificial organs
Ex. Dialysis machines replaces the kidney function are not artificial organs What Are Artificial Organs Willem Johan Kolff, a pioneer in the field of artificial organs
His first patient lead him to research artificial renal function replacement
During WWII Kolff developed the first artificial dialysis machine
With Robert Jarvik, Kolff co-designed and transplanted the first artificial heart in 1982 History Artificial organs are an alternative for patients waiting on donor organs
Everyday nearly 20 Americans die waiting for organ transplants
Artificial hearts are a short term solution for patients waiting for heart donors
Artificial Organs And Internal Systems The AbioCor has hydraulics that pump deoxygenated blood to lungs for diffusion and carry oxygenated blood back to the heart and to the rest of the body (Circulatory system)
Artificial lungs carry out the process of diffusing oxygen into the blood where then oxygen is carried through the body to reach all cells (Respiratory system)
Synthetic liver releases bile, clears blood of waste, stores vitamins and controls production of cholesterol (Digestive system) Internal Systems BY: JOSEPH Synthetic organs are a type of artificial organ
It requires a framework for patients stemcells to take the shape of an organ
How Synthetic Organs Work VIDEO Worlds first successful synthetic organ transplant took place July 11 2011
36 year old man that suffered tracheal cancer received a new windpipe
Once the synthetic organ is transplanted it functions much like a natural one
Organs of other species can be used for synthetic reconstruction (Ex. Kidney from a pig is similar to that of a human Synthetic Organs With the growing demand for donor transplants, artificial organs provide a viable substitute for donor organs
Research in organs of other species are looked into for synthetic reconstruction to produce human organs
With synthetic organs specifically, because they are grown with stem cells from the patient, rejection is no longer a problem
Social Benefits Of Artificial Organs Religions that oppose organ transplantation are: Christian Scientists and Shinto FaithIn Shintoism it is believed that the dead are impure and brings upon bad luck
Because most synthetic organs are often from cadavers those who practice the Shinto Faith often oppose organ transplants
Christian Scientist strongly discourage healing means other than mediation and prayer and avoid professional medicine when possible Social And Ethical Issues With Artificial Organs What is the difference between artificial and synthetic organs
If you remove all the cells from an organ what is left?
If you were to compare a building and an organ, what could you say the internal frame work would be in an organ? What could you say cinder blocks represent? Questions END
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