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Child Abuse

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Melaina Malcew

on 18 March 2014

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Transcript of Child Abuse

Child Factors
Sometimes it is not even the child, but the parent or guardian believes it is all their fault.

“I ...understand how a parent might hit a child- it's because you can look into their eyes and see a reflection of yourself that you wish you hadn't.”
― Jodi Picoult
Family Factors
Marital conflict, domestic violence, unemployment, financial stress, and social isolation can increase the rate of child abuse in a home
A pattern starts day-to-day on the child having low responsiveness to positive behavior, and high responsiveness to negative behavior
Parental Factors
Parents will abuse their children if they feel low self-esteem, low intelligence, depression, anxiety, fear of rejection, and if they are in contact with drugs of any kind

Lack of knowledge of child development can lead to abuse

Specific situations (unexpected pregnancy, physical or emotional illness, and poor ability to emphasize) can substantially increase the likelihood of abuse
Certain children can be more vulnerable (child's age, physical, mental, emotional, and social development can increase or decrease the chances)

Disabled children are at an even greater risk due to the mind of the parent in believing that the can't do anything right

Even something small such as excessive crying can provoke the parent, and causes child abuse

Lack of parenting skills (acceptance of violence to solve problems) can be very harmful to the balance of the family

Dysfunctional families start with small problems, and end with separation and maybe (in serious cases) physical and emotional abuse in children.

Child Abuse
By: Melaina M

What causes this?
Environmental Factors
With all of the other factors (Parental, Child, Family) Environmental is one of the most unfair reasons child abuse happens.
Depending on the culture, the percentage of child abuse can be higher
Third world countries are known to have a higher percentage

When one culture defines a child with abuse, another culture may find the child socially acceptable

Even the role of a child in a family can cause abuse

Stress caused by poverty is associated with higher rates of reported child abuse
Abused children and family often isolated from the community, also show signs of abuse in children
One Problem,
Four Factors

Child abuse, in my opinion, is not a very active topic. With everything going on around us, we only think for ourselves. And that's a good thing, don't get me wrong. Yet I still feel as if we are unaware of our surroundings. It could happen in our city, region, neighbor hood, street, in the house next door, your friends street, or even to you. And nothing is there to stop it if it is unheard of! And as the fifth human right states "No Torture" so why does it still happen? I believe that "Your rights are protected by the law" aren't really working here if no one really knows it's happening.
Why are children targeted?
It is sad to say but children 7 years and younger, are being abused right now. That means even babies who aren't even one yet, qualify . They are so innocent, so why are they being attacked out of the blue?
More than 155,000 children under the age of 15 worldwide died last year to the hands of neglect and abuse. Biological parents are responsible for 80% where as step-parents only are accounted for 15%. In the UK, 35% of children under the age of one are child murder victims. And one of the many reasons they are targeted because they are looked at as weak and vulnerable.
The child seems small and frail , which make the perfect target. Why? The parents need something to make them feel dominant and powerful. That is why children of drug abusing parents are mainly targeted because the parent sees how their lives are wasted and somehow twists reality into thinking it is the innocent child's fault. This also makes the child feel like a disappointment and lonely. This can also lead to self harm and suicide.
How many different kinds are there?
If you think there is only one kind then you better pay attention. Many different kinds of ways, to do one thing. I'm not going to sugar coat it but, there are a lot of ways to ruin a child's life. Abuse is one of the many.
the failure of a parent or guardian to provide for a child’s basic needs.
Physical, medical, educational and emotional neglect is the base of abuse. If a parent does not provide food, or medicine, or schooling even in the lowest percentage, this is neglect.
Physical: a non-accidental injury from a parent or care-giver
As a result of punching, beating, kicking, biting, shaking, throwing, stabbing, choking, hitting (with
a hand, stick, strap, or other object), burning, or
otherwise harming a child. That is physical abuse
Sexual Abuse
The employment, use, persuasion, inducement, or enticement, of any child to engage in, or assist any other person to engage in, any sexually explicit conduct.
Emotional Abuse
This may include constant criticism,
threats, or rejection, as well as withholding love, support, and/or guidance. Emotional abuse is often difficult to prove, and therefore, child protective services may not be able to intervene without evidence of physical or mental injury to the child.
In general, a child is classified in abandonment if the parent or guardians whereabouts are unknown. This also qualifies , if the child has been left alone in such circumstances where the child suffers serious harm, or the parent has failed to maintain contact with the child or provide reasonable support for a specified period of time.
Substance Abuse
Parental exposure of a child to harm due to the mothers use of an illegal drug or substance, or the manufacture of methamphetamine in the presence of a child, is substance abuse. Selling or distributing illegal drugs or alcohol to a child also counts. Use of a controlled substance by a caregiver that impairs the caregiver’s ability to adequately care for the child is also substance abuse towards children. Just because the parent is ruining their life doesn't mean it isn't affecting anyone else.

How can you tell if someone is being abused? (The signs of abuse)
Child abuse is so much more than bruises and broken bones. While the physical abuse might be the most visible, other types of abuse, such as emotional and neglect, also leave deep scars. And the memories that these scars make, stay forever. The earlier the abused children get help, the greater chance they have to heal and break the cycle; rather than penetrate it.

Physical signs
In noticing the physical signs in public, the child may look recently beaten. This involves black eyes, puffy face (from crying), and/or if the child is cradling any part of their torso (wrists, arms, hands, or abdomen). These may come from over excessive beating, or a punishment not suitable for the child's age (or unsuitable for anyone). Regardless of whether the child has special needs or not, signs of physical abuse often are difficult to interpret with absolute certainty and may be confused with normal childhood injuries, such as bruises.
Behavioral Signs
Alongside the physical signs, the childs behavior also stands out to the human eye. There are many different signs, but each are defined by the child. For example, when one child will remain distant from the abuser in public, one might stay very close because they fear that if they stray away, the abuser might beat them even more.
The child acts aggressive, or defiant
They cower away or demonstrate fear of adults
The will be destructive either to them selves or others
They will show that they are not afraid, this also leads to great risk taking
They are usually described as "accident prone"
They are most likely to act out and be disruptive
They will shrink away from even slight physical contact
Some of these signs include:

They might cheat, steal, and/or lie
They will be unable to make relationships with classmates or teachers
They will indicate a fear of going home
They will most likely wear clothing that covers the body

The child will most likely try to cover up what the parent or guardian did to them. This shows that they are afraid to get help.
What are the long term effects?
The deep emotional scars of abuse will always effect the child even in their older ages. But it also affects the family, and generations of the victims family. The impact of child abuse is usually discussed in a manor of physical,
psychological, behavioral, and societal consequences. Even though they are difficult to distinguish from one another, they are all classified differently . They all cooperate with each other to damage the child's social life and the growing brain.
For example:
Damage to the child's growing brain can inflict psychological implications such as cognitive delays and emotional difficulties. These psychological problems can often manifest as high-risk behaviors. Anxiety for example, may make a person abuse drugs and alcohol, smoke, or overeat. And its these high-risk behaviors that ruin the future for a child by punishing them with obesity or even cancer.
How can this be prevented?
As the abuse cycle is broken, we try to help anyone in its way. We try to get them out of reach, and as far as possible, and if we have the will, we will try to prevent it. Sadly, in most cases, there is really nothing we cant do to help. Child Protective Services, do all that they can 24/7 to protect children from any kind of abuse. If we try to stop it ourselves, or the adults around us, they could get hurt in the process. So trying to be Superman, is not an option here.

Why did I choose this?
I chose this topic, because it's not really average, and I believe it still needs to be said. I wanted to also, express my sadness, and my passion, that it is, to stop this. As most of you were unaware, this was very hard to express, due to the fact that I wanted every detail to be explicit. I only wanted it to be informative because, we all need to be aware of whats out there in our world. Sadly, not a lot of people in this world, are true to Gods word, and that's makes our world an imperfect place. But I am glad I could share this with you while I could.
Why did I choose the media I chose?
First of all, I chose the song "When The Darkness Comes" by Colbie Calliat. I only chose it because, I believe it explains the situation at hand. Even though an instrumental version was used, some of the lyrics are "I'll be here waiting, hoping, praying that, the sky will guide you home." And I believe that the lyrics in a song, truly reach out to anyone in need, and this song explains it all to me, and hopefully to you. The pictures I chose, also have a meaning. They all show how the child is affected, because out of the abuser, the child, and society, the child is hurt the most.
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Cassels, Caroline. "Medscape Log In." Medscape Log In. N.p., 05 Dec. 2008. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/584817>.

"Tackling Child Abuse." 2012. Photograph. Hamilton. Omojuwa. 07 May 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.omojuwa.com/2013/11/tackling-child-abuse-human-trafficing/>.

"Child Abuse and Depression." 2011. Photograph. Child Abuse and Depression. 07 Aug. 2011. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://www.thequietvoice18.wordpress.com/2011/08/07/child-abuse-and-depression/>.
"CHILD ABUSE ON THE MISSION FIELD." Michle Phoenix. N.p., 12 Oct. 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://michelephoenix.com/2012/10/child-abuse-on-the-mission-field/>.

"New CDC Study Underscores Epidemic of Child Abuse." Henry Astor Documentary Work. N.p., 06 Feb. 2012. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://henryastor.com/?p=367>.

"Lighting Their Way Home." Lighting Their Way Home. N.p., 12 Aug. 2013. Web. 10 Jan. 2014. <http://lightingtheirwayhome.wordpress.com/child-abuse-what-you-need-to-know/>.

"How To Spot Abuse." How To Spot Abuse. N.p., 14 June 2012. Web. 09 Jan. 2014. <http://www.sundayschildfoundation.org/howtospotabuse>.
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