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Asian Elephant

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on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Asian Elephant

Asian Elephant
Range & Habitat
Elephants face threats brought on by humans; including, Habitat loss, which is when the animals habitat is destroyed or modernized completely or down-graded to a smaller size, possibly making the animal closer to civilization. Degradation, is when something is broken down chemically, it could include the animals habitat or food source. Fragmentation, is like degradation in the sense it is being broken down, but in this case it isn't chemically, but it is being turned in to smaller pieces.And illegal poaching is when hunters kill these animals; most of the time it is for the Ivory of its tusks which is illegal. Habitat lose is something that is a concern but we are mostly doing it so people can make a living, for example when people cut down trees that limits the animals range, but it helps families heat there homes and make money. If we could limit the intake of wood it could help these animals greatly.
The asian Elephant is slightly smaller relative of the African Elephant. It is in the kingdom of animalia and the class of mammalia.They are a large 11 foot herd based animal with a weight of 2-4.9 tons. They have a diet of only vegetation making them herbivores.
Asian Elephants can live up to 70 years old. There skin is a grey-brown color with a sparse amount of thin hair
General Information
Conservation Efforts
Certain groups are working with the staff of the Asian government to help the Asian Elephant. One way is to limit the interactions between humans and elephants, meaning having elephants and people as far away from each other as possible so that actions aren't taken against the animal. They are also monitoring the illegal killing of elephants.
Females are generally able to breed by the time they are 10 years old, there gestation time period is approximately 22 months long and they give birth to one single calf. The calf weighs approximately 220 pounds at birth and will be raised by there mother and other female members of the herd. By the time the calf is five years old it will leave the herd depending on the gender, Males would leave while the females stay with the herd.
Formerly the Asian Elephant is found in West Asia, along the Iranian Coast, The Indian Sub-Continent, South East Asia, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and China. Now they are not found in most of China, west Asia, or Java. Those areas are Grasslands, Tropical Evergreen forests, Semi-Evergreen forests, moist and dry deciduous forest, and Dry thorn forests.
Abiotic Factors
Some abiotic factors in the biomes in which the Asian elephant live are Wind, water, sunlight, temperature, and climate. The temperature and climate helps the species to develop certain qualities that help hem deal with intense heat, or extra rain. The sunlight helps the plants to grow, which the elephants feed of off. The wind helps to spread the pollen trough the air or if the wind is strong enough to break branches off it could help to fertilize the other plants.The water we all drink, helps to give the animals the nutrients and minerals they need to survive.
Asian Elephants consumes many different kinds of vegetation, making them herbivores. There diet consists of Bark, Shoots, Leaves, Grass, Nuts, and Leaves. Those plants give this huge animal all the energy they need to survive. The size of these animals limit there predators, Humans are the only ones known to kill an adult elephant. Tigers are know to kill the calves, but not a full grown elephant.
Diet & Predators
Biotic Factors
Some Biotic factors that live alongside and in the same habitat as the Asian Elephant are tigers, Rhinos, and different kinds of plants like Bamboo, nuts, grasses, leaves, and bark. They would also be living along side people depending on there location.
By: Camryn Casey
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