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Transcript of Gestalt Psychology
Gestaltism is a theory of mind and brain of the Berlin School; the operational principle of Gestalt psychology is that the brain is holistic, parallel, and analog, with self organizing tendencies. Gestalt psychology tries to understand the laws of our ability to acquire and maintain stable perceptions in a this world. Gestalt Psychology was to some extent a rebellion against Wilhelm Wundts theory of psychology.
Max Wertheimer born April 15th 1880, was one of the three primary contributors of Gestalt Psychology along with Wolfgang Kohler and Kurt Koffka. According to Gestalt psychology perception is a whole, in this sense holistic perception can shape vision and other senses of an individual. Wolfgang Kohler’s famous quote. “ The whole is greater than the sum of its parts.” can help the understanding of the basic ideas of Gestalt psychology. Max Wertheimer on the other hand explains the theory like this: “There are wholes, the behavior of which is not determined by that of their individual elements, but where the part-processes are themselves determined by the intrinsic nature of the whole. It is the hope of Gestalt theory to determine the nature of such wholes.”
Wolfgang Kohler was a psychologist and a phenomenologist who like Max Wertheimer and Kurt Koffka was one of the three contributors of Gestalt Psychology. He also went to the island of Tenerife to study the problem solving skills of Chimpanzees.
Fathers of Gestalt Psychology
Kurt Koffka was a German psychologist. He was born in Berlin and earned a PhD there as a student of Carl Stump.In addition to his studies in Berlin, Koffka also spent one year at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland where he developed his strong fluency in English, a skill that later served him well in his efforts to spread Gestalt psychology beyond German borders. Koffka was working at the University of Frankfurt when Max Wertheimer arrived in 1910 and invited Koffka to participate as a subject in his research on the phi phenomenon.
Giuseppe Acrimboldo was an Italian Painter best known for making portraits of heads made entirely of objects such as fruit, fire, fish, and humans. He painted representations of these objects arranged in a way that all of the objects created a recognizable face. He grew p in Milan, Italy and aspired to be a painter as his father was. He mostly painted portraits of famous political figures from his time made with different objects.
Gestalt psychology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. (n.d.). Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved August 28, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gestalt_psychology
Giuseppe Arcimboldo - The complete works. (n.d.). Giuseppe Arcimboldo - The complete works. Retrieved August 28, 2013, from http://www.giuseppe-arcimboldo.org/
retval;}, e. (n.d.). Arcimboldo's Feast for the Eyes | Arts & Culture | Smithsonian Magazine. History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved August 28, 2013, from http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/Arcimboldos-Feast-for-the-Eyes.html