Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Doing Cultural Anthropology (190815)
Transcript of Doing Cultural Anthropology (190815)
Franz Boas & American Anthropology
- intellectually flawed!
- European superiority!
- morally defective
techniques and the reasoning of the former anthropologists
"we should be devoted to
to collect objective data!"
- study people
, recording the
cultural patterns of the group, language,
material goods and religion
each culture with
argued that all human beings have
capacities for culture - no one culture is more superior than the other
Haddon - Malinowski
(England & the Commonwealth)
Haddon and his colleagues of Cambridge and LSE: students were required to do fieldwork!
Changing Directions and Critical Issues in Ethnography
Carod-Artal & Vazquez-Cabrera (2007)
: migraine headache symptoms among 3 different groups of Native Americans: the Tzeital Maya of Mexico, the Kamayura of Brazil and the Uru-Chipaya of Bolivia
Margaret Mead's 'Coming of Age in Samoa'
illustrated that adolescents' experience with sexuality and growing up differ depending on societies.
Effects of Globalization
What do anthropologists do?
formal & informal questionnaires
recording life histories
making ethnographic films
working with indigenous peoples as advocates in cultural and political projects
major goal of fieldwork
for anthropology to be relevant and meaningful, it must be involved in political and social efforts to
the life chances of people in these communities
David Graeber: Occupy Wall Street movement - p 39 (old textbook)
Objectivity and Activist Anthropology - p. 12-3 (online textbook)
Ethical Considerations in Fieldwork
1. to the
and to the people
AAA (1986): "anthropological researchers must do everything in their power to ensure that their research does not harm the safety, dignity, or privacy of the people with whom they work"
informed consent, confidentiality and debriefing
2. to the
anthropologists' conduct should not endanger the research prospects of other anthropologists
and make their findings
other anthropologists and the general public
imagine yourself suddenly set down surrounded by all your gear, alone on a tropical beach close to a native village, while the launch or dinghy which has brought you sails away out of sight...imagine further that you are a beginner, without previous experience, with nothing to guide you and no one to help you...this exactly describes my first initiation into field work
" - Malinowski (1922)
mapping space, taking census data, photography and film, historical archives, recording life histories and
disadvantage: work with a relatively
number of individuals
do anthropologists ever feel truly a member of the cultural group they are observing?
Anthropology in Historical Perspective
Sir Edward Burnett
& Lewis Henry
19th century anthropologists
referred to 'simpler' societies as "
belief: societies remained
for thousands of years
Tylor & Morgan's flawed social pyramid - why?
Tylor: "all my theoretical perspectives are so
established that I can totally ignore any
data that doesn't fit mine because such
data is inaccurate!"
definition: a theoretical perspective focusing on
postmodernists hold that
- fieldwork will not produce an objective reality
- how each anthropologist observes another culture
is tainted by their own culture and social position
Can an outsider present a fully accurate and unbiased portrait of a culture?
Malinowski: spent a long time in the Trobriana Islands due to WW1 - opportunity of a lifetime - p. 6 (of online textbook)
to enable cultural outsiders to gain a sense of what it might be like to be a member of the culture
"see the world through another's lens"
perspective of the studied culture
seek to derive principles or rules that explain the behaviour of members of a culture
perspective of the observer
4. hypothetical theory --> collect empirical data
does the data agree with the hypothesis or not?
natural science research
history- and literature-based research
Ethnographic Data and Cross-Cultural Comparisons
Boaz encouraged his student; Margaret Mead to conduct an ethnographic research on adolescent girls and their experiences with sexuality and growing up
- p. 3 (online textbook)
: the idea that one's cultural upbringing and
social environment, rather than one's biology,
primarily determine behaviour.
of one culture to another
attempts at discovering laws/principles of cultural behaviour
culture is a
are female anthropologists making a difference?
of anthropology: social roles, activities and beliefs of
- why the
men and women lived quite segregated lives
assumption that men's activities were more
; women's activities domestic i.e. less important
assumption that the
i.e. men's activities
for the society:
that cultures were harmonious and homogenous
late 1990s: > 50% new anthropology PhDs and > 40% anthropology professors => women
Engaged and Collaborative Anthropology
the inputs of the informant
input because no community is homogenous
attempts to displace anthropologists as the sole author representing a group -->
between researcher and subject
Studying One's Own Culture
are we capable of seeing our culture as an outsider might?
nothing about being a native requires an individual to take a specific political position BUT
"being a native in one identity
make one a native in all one's identities"
isolated and bounded societies
immigration, inexpensive communication and cheap airfare
of local units with larger
of the nature of the cultures we are studying
participants have a
of the world, what anthropology is and what anthropologists do
that have been nearly effaced by Western impact
Ethics in Anthropology
to isolate moral judgments or
because anthropology studies tend to
i.e. situations which the subjects also practice conscious moral or ethical exercises
American Anthropological Association
Code of Ethics
1. Anthropologists should
to some and
them from others
2. In providing
opinions, anthropologists are
not only for
but also for
in explaining both these opinions and their bases
3. As people who devote their
anthropologists bear a
publicly, both individually
and collectively, on what they know and what they believe as a result of their
professional expertise gained in the study of human beings
- not something to be taken out of context and defined
Acting ethnically involves
living in accordance
beliefs of the group(s) of which one is a
Abortion. Child bride.