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Unit 5: Hungry for Righteousness vs. Thirst for Evil

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Kelly Shoop

on 6 December 2018

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Transcript of Unit 5: Hungry for Righteousness vs. Thirst for Evil

Billy Graham
Queen Victoria
William Wilberforce
The Borgia Family
Vlad the Impaler (Dracula)
The Crusades
"America's Pastor" and pioneer of modern evangelical movement
attended Bob Jones Univ. and Wheaton College, ordained baptist
started preaching and became evangelist for Youth for Christ
Los Angeles crusade launched his career in 1949
London and NYC crusades made him internationally known
his message is the gospel where ever he goes - in America, England, Africa, China, North Korea, communist countries of Eastern Europe,
besides his crusades, he wrote numerous books, radio programs
he helped to begin the magazine, Christianity Today, and his son began Samaritan's Purse Ministry
he advised multiple presidents and is one of the most well-known individuals in evangelical Christianity
Gallup polls have placed him among the 10 most admired people in the world 57 times
1819-1901 - the 2nd! longest reigning monarch in English history
Richard the Lionheart and Saladin
view righteousness as essential, like food
close with God and desire time with him
do right thing and obey as an act of worship toward God
understand righteousness comes by faith
wants righteousness to match the righteousness
given to us by God
aware of ungodly thoughts, ideas, attitudes and actions
asks WWJD
will be filled
find heaven more intriguing than earth
have eternity in focus
hate sin
do things to please the Lord
do right for the right reasons
obedient to God's word
think being bad is more fun
seeks self-pleasure
may do right, but out of self-righteous
think they can be right on their own
more concerned about respectability
than actual righteousness
not "fanatical" about righteousness
do right when people watch
satisfied by earth
find evil intriguing
hell is more fun
love sin
build themselves up
ends justify the means
celebrate evil

Hunger for Righteousness vs. Thirst for Evil
Heroes and Villains Unit 5
Elizabeth Bathory,
"Blood Countess"
Islamic aggression leads to a call for help from Constantinople

Pope Urban gives a speech
People's Crusade - failure
First official Crusade - succeeds in taking Jerusalem back
Holy Wars??
Second Crusade
Third Crusade - Richard and Saladin
Fourth Crusade - Constantinople sacked
4 more Crusades
Rome falls, Dark Ages Europe begins
power vacuum left by the collapse of Rome
The Roman church steps into leadership in the west
The Byzantine Empire in the East feels threatened
476 AD
Muhammad founds the religion of Islam
622 AD
1095 AD
1099 AD
1189-1192 AD
The Crusades
began as a result of Muslim growth and spread
Pope Urban II gave the speech that inspired Crusaders
"Crusaders" were "cross-bearers, taking up the holy war against "jihadists" on the Muslim side
the crusades were a misguided attempt to cleanse a "holy land" (Jerusalem) instead of a "holy land" (hearts)
1st Crusade was the only one to succeed in taking Jerusalem, Christian control lasted less than 100 years
Saladin unites the Muslims and recaptures Jerusalem
The 3rd Crusade is unique - "Crusade of Kings"
Richard the Lionheart shows bravery and leadership, "hero"
Saladin and Richard have a unique respect for each other
3rd Crusade ends in a truce - Christians get coastal cities, Muslims get Jerusalem, with Christian pilgrimage rights
"If Jerusalem falls to anyone, I hope it is you."
4th Crusade devastates Constantinople
100 more years of Crusades
Results of the Crusades
Failure to accomplish goals - did not hold on to holy land, Constantinople weakened
both Islam and Dark Ages Christianity kept in check - neither spread false teachings
growth of towns and trade as well as the end of feudalism
complicated relationship between Christians and Muslims - still seen today
confidence in church of Rome is shaken, set stage for reformers
"Dracula" - son of Dracul, Order of the Dragon
Vlad and brother Radu raised as hostages in Ottoman court (to serve as their future puppets)
known for cruelty and lust for blood
total death approx 80,000
turned back Turkish Mehmet II, brought law and order to Wallachia, and considered "cruel but just" so some viewed him as heroic
no doubt he was sadistic
reputation inspired Bram Stoker's name for his novel Dracula
Pope Alexander VI
Cesare Borgia
Lucrezia Borgia
"God Almighty has set before me two great objects, the suppression of the slave trade and the reformation of manners."
became queen at age 18 ("I will be good")
Married Albert ("Prince Consort") and had 9 children
Great Britain became the leading country in the world
Revival, morality, progress, and Industrial Revolution
1/4 of the globe and 1/4 of the people
"the sun never sets on the British Empire"
After Albert's death, she mourned deeply (wore black)
worked with her prime ministers to lead Empire - Disraeli and Gladstone differed (commerce vs. conquest)
"Empress of India" and "Grandmother of Europe"
Sweden, Denmark, Norway, Spain, Greece, and Russia
"What do you want people to say about you after you are gone?"
I hope my Lord says of me, "Well done, my good and faithful servant."
Hunger for Righteousness vs. Thirst for Evil
Constantinople weakened by Crusades
Early 1400s Wallachia and other territories pay tribute to Ottoman Turks
"Order of the Dragon" - defeat Turks
Constantinople falls
Vlad and Radu taken
Vlad's reign
Rodrigo Borgia
Alexander VI
notorious popes in all history
pillage his home
"So died Pope Alexander, at the height of glory and prosperity...There was in him and in full measure, all vices both of flesh and spirit... There was in him no religion, no keeping of his word. He promised all things liberally, but bound himself to nothing that was not useful to himself. He had no care for justice, since in his days Rome was den of thieves and murderers. Nevertheless, his sins meeting with no punishment in this world, he was to the last of his days most prosperous. In one word, he was more evil and more lucky than, perhaps, any other pope for many ages before."
Papal armies
the most handsome man in Italy
murder, bribery, deceit, womanizing
fashionable clothing
military success
King John of Navarre
"Here lies in a little earth he who everyone feared,
he who held peace and war in his hand.
Oh, you who go in search of worthy things to praise,
if you would praise the worthiest then your path stops here
and you do not need to go any farther."
Machiavelli's "The Prince"
The Prince
"A handbook for gangsters"
To Sum it Up
Family, fortune, merit, or arms may land you in a leadership position
Relevance to Today??
Niccolo Machiavelli
Renaissance Italy of late 1400s, early 1500s - brilliance of culture
Italy is disunited and weak politically as well morally corrupt - saw mankind at worst
Machiavelli served in government of Florence, traveling widely
when the Medici returned to power, he was arrested
released when Leo X becomes pope
may have written The Prince to impress his new leader, Lorenzo di Piero de Medici
never regained his position in the government
realist?? or the devil??
being or acting in accordance with the principles of government analyzed in Machiavelli's The Prince, in which political expediency is placed above morality and the use of craft and deceit to maintain the authority and carry out the policies of a ruler is described.
Types of Princedoms
Hereditary Princedoms-

New Princedoms-

Mixed Princedoms-

Civil Princedoms-

Ecclesiastical Princedoms-

unscrupulous cunning, deception, expediency, or dishonesty
The Prince's Help
"Good Ministers" - think about the Prince, not themselves and constantly work for the good of the Prince
Machiavelli himself
Machiavelli's Prescription
"handbook for tyrants"
deceitfulness, cunning, lies, ruthless force...
telling it like it is, not how it should be
Basic Ideas:
"end justifies the means"
practical advice for heads of state
better to be feared than loved
ignore moral considerations and depend on strength and cunning
surround yourself with loyal ministers who will serve your needs without flattery
appear good, but be bad
if you can get away with it
easier to maintain because of the birth-established power structure
acquired by merit, aid of others, arms, good "fortune," or crimes
harder to maintain, commit all injuries at once, etc
kill off old line, don't change laws, live in the territory, establish colonies, "kindly treated or utterly crushed,"
(they will always remember the freedom they once had, so it is best to destroy them) CHOICES: either destroy it, go there and live in it, or set up a new government created by the Prince
Ruling a new land that used to be free-
a prince comes to power by the favor of his fellow citizens
"secure and happy" because it is set up by God, people are loyal despite the lack of government
Types of Soldiers
Mercenaries - hired soldiers
Auxiliaries - recruits from another Prince
Mixed - native and mercenary
National - native troops
"Good Arms and Good Laws"
Duties of a Prince
learn to be "other than good"
Be feared rather than loved
cunning like a fox, strong like a lion
appear good, but evil may be necessary
Don't be hated
Flatterers - should be shunned
Middle Course - select a few who can be honest and share their minds, but only when asked
A Prince must always make his own decisions and not vacillate
make sure you have good arms and an ability to defend yourself
the end (retaining your position) justifies (makes okay) the means (doing whatever it takes - good or bad)
surround yourself with people who will work unselfishly for you and not flatter you
Hunger for "righteousness"
Thirst for evil
Thirst for evil
most notorious female serial killer in history
targets were other females - peasants first, then gentry
legends surround her
she was convicted and sentenced to solitary confinement - died after 4 years
sadism - the tendency to derive pleasure from inflicting pain, suffering or humiliation of others
Thirst for evil
misguided "righteousness"
deriving pleasure from the pain and suffering of others
Islam Spreads
stop at 7:45
"Outward morality is not what the Bible calls righteousness, because the driving force behind it is not the worship of God." (Hero of Heroes, chapter 4)
"Countess Dracula"
Studied at Oxford, early life not impressive
William Pitt - friend and future Prime Minister
small - barely over 5 ft tall
became an evangelical Christian
"Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade"
3/4 of Britain's foreign income came from slave trade
eventual success in abolishing the slave trade (1807) and slavery altogether (1833)
helped establish Sierra Leone as slave free state in Africa
buried in Westminster Abby
wealthy prosperous family, father died when he was 9, so he was sent to live with relatives
William Wilberforce - by Eric Mexatas
his aunt and uncle were deeply religious Methodists (at the time, most Anglican Church members looked down on Methodism)
famous parlor preachers were invited into their home (including Whitefield and John Newton who viewed William as like a son)
Outraged, William's mother pulled him away from his aunt and uncle and refused to allow him to even attend church services. William backslid
Wilberforce and Pitt met at Oxford and they often watched Parliament debates. Both became MPs at age 20-21
Wilberforce became active in Parliament, gentlemen's clubs, and met many famous and influential people
In 1784, he invited Isaac Milner (genius prof at Cambridge) to travel with him on vacation and was shocked to find out Milner was a Methodist and this inspired Wilberforce to return to his former Christian commitment.
Wilberforce went home and spent weeks in isolation, contemplating what a life devoted to God might mean. He describes his conversion (over 2 years) as his "Great Change". He made bold decisions to cancel memberships in gentlemen's clubs, and avoid the dirty world of politics
He went to visit John Newton who encouraged him to stay in politics and consider what the Lord would have him do in the world.
2 great objects: oppression of slave trade and reformation of manners
Reformation of Manners: return to Biblical principles of regard for all human life, respect, kindness, etc. (he would oppose slavery, child labor, alcoholism, prostitution, animal cruelty, prison injustices, etc.)
Personal life: prayer, scripture, memorization (all of Psalm 119), and communal worship with like minded believers (Clapham Circle)
"make goodness fashionable" - husband, father, church member, helping those in need, etc.
got along with those who disagreed (Fox) and never demonized his opponents
Cesare Borgia is an example of someone who did this well according to Machiavelli
"I am disturbed when I see the majority of so called Christians having such little understanding of the real nature of the faith they profess."
British "Christians" in the 1800s
Heroes and Villains Book
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