Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Non-profit Subsectors

Group 1's Presentation

Caroline Jun

on 21 September 2011

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Non-profit Subsectors

Culture 1 Professional: Artspace (Raleigh, NC) Artspace is a non-profit visual art center dedicated to presenting quality exhibitions and educational programs within an open studio environment.

Artspace promotes the visual arts by making the creative process accessible to the public. Since 1986 Artspace has provided the community with a unique environment where artists, working in a variety of media with studios open to the public, have invited the community to become part of the creative process, a visual art center where children and adults can express their creativity through enriching educational programs, and a venue for exhibitions by regional, national, and international artists. MISSION Art Classes (http://artspacenc.org/education_main.html)
Purchasing Art
Venue to view Art
Project Outreach (http://artspacenc.org/outreach_info.html) SERVICES Individuals and corporations support Artspace in variety of ways:
Artspace Memberships (fees for services)
Corporate Donations (RBC, United Arts Council, Raleigh Arts Commission, Fenwick Foundation)
Web-site Donations (anyone can donate)
Gift Shop
Volunteerism FUNDING Public Goods Theory
Plurarlism Theory THEORIES 2 Local Community: Raleigh City Museum MISSION To preserve the history of the city of Raleigh, NC and teach the citizens about their heritage. SERVICES FUNDING Membership fees
Museum Store
Annual Fundraiser (Time Warp auction)
Donations (monetary and artifacts)
Volunteerism THEORIES Public Goods
Pluralism Provides a home for the city’s artifacts
Educational Center (helps the community to learn about the diverse aspects of the city’s people, places, and events.)
Preserving the city’s history
Internships congregations vs. denominations
denominations are sets of concrete organizations tied to each other in complex and variable ways
each congregation has a denomination affliation HEALTH SERVICES 89% of funding for these organizations comes from fees for service while grants, investment income, and private contributions make up the rest. FUNDING THEORIES Medicare
Treatment/prevention of disease and illness Health organizations are rooted in the Theory of Commons/social action as charitable initiatives were created in the eightneenth century to serve the poor and infirm. Examples include WakeMed which was established by a voter-authorized bond in 1955. Housing & Community Development SERVICES FUNDING THEORIES Services: very broad: managing subsidized housing, building housing, renovation, operating programs to help develop job skills, youth development programs, parks, financial counseling block-grants to build subsidized housing, along with donations from individuals and foundations public goods theory
contract failure
market failure EXAMPLES Example organizations: Section 202-funded by the government but managed by non-profits
Habitat for Humanity-funded by donations and payments of clients paying back for their houses
Boys and Girls Clubs of America, YMCA, Passage Home RELIGION Example: St. James Episcopal Church; Black Mountain, NC Four key challenges of a congregation:
maintaining a membership base
securing adequate financial resources
recruiting talented leaders
finding the right balance between member-serving and public-serving roles
- recent research shows that participation in organized religious activities has declined since the 1960s SERVICES member serving
-Sunday church services
-classes (adult forum, spiritual gifts and talents,
sojourners, and Thursday bible study)
-lay ministry (readers, ushers, coffee hour set-up)
-Children and Family (women’s prison)
-Adult Spiritual Formations
-Middle School and High School Ministries
(mission trips, regular meetings, etc.) FUNDING Donations (offering plate, monthly, or private)
Not required to report everything THEORIES Pluralism
* Teaches the Twelve Steps program
*Open, Closed, Step meetings
*Discuss problems and share their stories FUNDING -no dues or fees for members
-Self-supporting through own contributions
-doesn’t accept outside contributions in order to maintain its autonomy and independence
-the limit on how much an individual can donate is $3000 a year
-Special contributions: funds realized from conventions, conferences, dinners, area get-togethers, etc. (no limitations on these contributions.) THEORIES Theory of Commons
Contract Failure
Pluralism -usually lacks legal status
-depends completely on volunteers for funding (donations/membership fees)
-ex. Soup kitchens, shelters, daycare programs, emergency assistance, etc. TRADITIONAL ORGANIZATION: opposite of informal --older/more traditional/professional -often affiliated with the United Way
-diversified funding: may include private donations, endowment funds, substantial government fund
-examples: the Boys and Girls Club, YWCA, American Red Cross, etc.

SERVICES Anti-Pornography
Housing and Homeless Services
Disaster Relief
Missing Persons
Combating Human Trafficking
Elderly Services
Etc. FUNDING faith-based governmental funding
The United Way
funding from foundations (such as Nationwide, Wendy’s)
Public Donations (The Red Kettle drive) THEORIES Externality
Contract Failure -addresses urgent social problems
-many started as informal agencies, then became formalized
-examples: AIDS services, domestic violence, immigrant assistance, mental health care, etc.
-rely heavily on government funds (sometimes reimbursement from private insurance plans)
-usually undercapitalized and has trouble recruiting good staff
-their dependency on a single revenue creates an imbalance of power and management problems RECENT ADDITIONS: A third category of agencies includes recent additions to the nonprofit social services fields. addresses urgent social problems
This movie includes all of the following:
child residential treatment
services for delinquent youth,
domestic violence,
drug/alcohol abuse treatment,
mental health care,
few volunteers at the facility
-social care provided to needy
"transformation of nonprofit social services" has occurred in the past 25 years
1) new/expanded services
2) government support/involvement increased
3)Blurred lines between sectors providing services
4) Increased state and local government spending Intenational assistance has grouped itself into two forms:
Economic development
Humanitarian assistance Stop Hunger Now Theories Services Funding NPOs geared toward economic development focus on long-term poverty reduction. They want a substantial and consistent increase in the quality of life. Humanitarian Assistance focuses on the short term; keeping people alive/immediate alleviation after a natural or man made disaster. Stop Hunger Now Focuses on Humanitarian Assistance by providing food for those in immediate need DUKE UNIVERSITY Private
University; Higher Education SERVICES: Contributions to the NP Sector and Society Helps Economy "For the 2008 fiscal year, 96.9% of expenses were for program services, leaving just over 3% for fundraising and administration expenses. This means that nearly 97 cents for every dollar are spent on program services." http://www.stophungernow.org/site/PageServer?pagename=Finances -investment in an education
-alumni → employment
-->To respond to and serve changing social needs” Human Capital -“Nonprofit organizations are major contributors to the formation of the nation’s human capital”
-“roughly 1,694 four-year private, nonprofit institutions of higher education in America have aggregate enrollment of approximately 3 million” Sources of opportunity, experimentation, and innovation” + Research
“Provide training, manpower for agricultural, scientific, and industrial revolutions” Government Failure/Pluralistic Theory FUNDING Sustained by income: tuition, fees, gifts, contracts, grants
Helped by 501c(3) tax exemption
Government aid -“Fin aid” for the financially needy
-i.e. Pell grants, etc. THEORIES Subsidy theories
-NPO’s that exist because they get subsidies from government (tax breaks, grants, etc.). The government in these foreign countries have failed to sustain their people, both economically and via fundamental services. This gives NPOs such as Stop Hunger Now or Red Cross initiative to establish themselves and send aid. Established in 1998
Arose with the need for immediate health and sustenance in foreign countries, specifically in Africa.
Meal Packaging Program created in 2005 SHN is known for their packaging events where volunteering citizens pack boxes full of predetermined goods, usually rice, herbs, and a combination of proteins and about 20 essential vitamins and minerals

One such event took place at NC State previously this month

THe boxes are shipped to sectors of SHN stationed in certain countries, most of which are located in Africa. Sectors will distribute these goods, majorily to children who cannot afford packed lunches for shcool These countries are usually extrememely underdeveloped, and underdeveloped third world countries are prone to being ignored by generally the the private market.

This is because as a private market the objective is to create a profit. Third world countries usually have nothing to give in return for private marketing services and so are ignored.

This creates initiative for NPOs like SHN to step in and pick up where themarket is failing to supply. Market Failure CHALLENGES more money, more agencies, more competition
government regulations can be complicated
government funding unpredictable - fee for service basis
higher demand for services but difficult to respond to needs adequately
Full transcript