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Transcript of Samba
Samantha Miller, Kelsey McCleary, Cassie Kline, Emma Ellis
Samba is a popular routine in ballroom dancing competitions
Brazilian Samba is danced during the pre-Lenten festival Carnival
Samba shows are popular tourist attractions in Brazil.
Samba as a fitness dance in Zumba.
Samba In America
Brazilian culture in New Orleans, articles by Annie Gibson
Casa Samba dance school
"Piece of Brazil in the US"
Culturally and historically determined, not natural or raw from Brazil
New Orleans twist on costumes
Performs at Mardi Gras and other various large festivals
The Brazilian Samba
Elements of Dance
Smooth; Light; Bound
Sagittal and Transverse planes; Locomotor; All directions; Partner or solo
Fast pace; With music rhythm
Arm movement that flows with constant feet movement; In relation to partner movement when not performed solo
"Samba" = prayer and the invoking of ones personal "orixa" or god/saint
Samba is a social, Afro-Brazilian traditional dance which originated in Salvador Bahia
African slaves were brought to South America to work on the plantations
The Samba was a way of preserving and celebrating their African culture
The first form of Samba was Samba Jihada which was later brought down south to Rio de Janeiro when slavery was abolished in 1888
Samba Jihada was an informal dance and it was the slaves way of celebrating life after a long day of work
Samba continued to evolve and became part of Brazilian culture
About Samba (continued)
The Samba is an informal dance, commonly performed after a Capoeira circle or after a Condomble ritual
Condomble was the Afro-Brazilian religion
Samba music originated in Rio de Janeiro and became the official music of Brazil
Samba is in every corner of Brazil: east, west, south; it is everywhere
What does Samba represent?
Samba was not originally accepted by the higher class of society
They believed that the Samba was sinful and tried their best to repress the music
But Samba is not just about music, dance, and rhythm -> it is culture
Samba schools and Samba bands in Salvador and Rio de Janeiro have strong relationships with the community
Samba originally came from a Favela, which is a poor community
Samba represents the relationship of love between the Favela, the community, and the Samba bands and schools
Samba Schools are organized groups that dance Samba in the parades during Carnival.
Have origins in both the poor populations, but also in the other masses as well.
Called Samba School because people gathered together to teach and learn samba with one another.
Upper class Brazilians looked down upon Samba for many years, so until it became more widely accepted it was only danced by poorer communities.
Ballroom Samba (Samba Gafieira) is done in partners, traditionally men and women.
Samba no pe is done as a solo dance
Samba evolved in the early 20th century and grew to become the quintessential music and dance form associated with Rio's pre-Lenten celebration, carnival.
It has been performed as a street dance at carnival for almost 100 years.
During the 1920's the dance evolved in terms of it's styles & its more widespread acceptability.
Samba was not adopted as a ballroom dance until the 1930's
Fred Astaire and Ginger Rodgers introduced it to popular culture in the United States in 1933
Now the most common samba, samba de partido alto, is usually danced at formal celebrations like birthdays, weddings, or school functions. Samba pagode is danced more at parties. Then the carnival samba is performed annually in Rio.
When did you learn how to dance the samba and who taught you?
No one teaches us how to dance it, it is something that we just know. Brazil is divided into a lot of parts, where culturally they are very different, and in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro is where they know how to dance the samba better than others. The samba- partido alto, is the kind we usually dance more often in my region.
Do you dance the samba a lot with your friends at parties?
Well some parties we dance it at, like parties where you hang out with friends. But at clubs we mostly dance to "American music".
Costume & Music