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Modern Approaches of Psychology "Behavioral"
Transcript of Modern Approaches of Psychology "Behavioral"
• Oppositional defiant disorder: not compliant, oppositional, annoying and argumentative behavior.
• Conduct disorder: include aggression, deceit and violations of rules.
•destruction of property (fire setting), deceitfulness
Modern Approaches of Psychology
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
•also known as behaviorism
•is based on the concept of explaining
behavior through observation
•Examines the learning process and how
organisms learn new behavior or modify existing one depending on whether events In their environments rewards or punish.
•It is observable and measurable
•emphasize relationships between the
organism and its environment plus the
organism's history of learning. The
"environment" is conceived as stimulation
that can be measured. The organism
responds with behaviors that also can be
•For behavioral theorists, personality is a label for sum of a person’s behavior patterns, of which any specific behavior is merely a sample.
•Behaviorists assume that human is determined mainly by what people learned in life, especially by what they have learned by interacting with other people.
•According to the behavioral view, all behavior ,normal, and abnormal, develops through learning process, even people with “disturbed” personalities learned to behave in problematic ways.
What is Behavioral?
1. Operant Approach
-developed by B.F Skinner developed a behavioral apporach that analyzes how observable behavior is learned in relation to observable environmental events.
-He referred to the interactions between behavior and the environment as functional relationships, and he sought to understand these relationships by using what he called the functional analysis of behavior.
How does personality and learning relates to behavioral?
Psychodynamic and dispositional theories explain these apparent inconsistencies by suggesting that different behaviors can reflect the same underlying trait, need, conflict, or defense which we learn and maintain behaviors.
•By the concept of situational specificity , explains the different behaviors.
The Obvious inconsistencies in human behavior
Is behavioral and behaviorism the same?
•Behavioral principles are often applied in mental health settings, where it uses techniques to explain and treat a variety of illnesses.
•Continuous Reinforcement Principle:
To develop a new behavior that the child has not previously exhibited, arrange for an immediate reward after each correct performance.
Learning can occur through Reinforcement and punishments
• Actions that are followed by reinforcement will be strengthened and more likely to occur again in the future.
• is any change in a human or animal's surroundings that occurs after a given behavior or response which reduces the likelihood of that behavior occurring again in the future.
HIDDEN BEHAVIOR AND OBSERVABLE BEHAVIOR
-thoughts and emotions
- A behavior which can be noted through one of the senses (seen, heard, tasted, smelled, or felt).
Observable behaviors are usually described by action words such as touching, walking, saying, or writing.
To teach a child new ways of behaving, allow him to observe a prestigeful person performing the desired behavior.
•Learning is a change in observable