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Lifestyle of the 1970s

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Nicholas Heiner

on 12 June 2015

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Transcript of Lifestyle of the 1970s

Lifestyle of the 1970s
Leisure Activities
Disco - created in 1970, disco clubs were originally attended by the blue collar working class, hispanics, gays, and african americans and were mildly attended, it was not until 1978 that the urban and suburban classes began to attend and discos exploded in popularity; the boom ended in 1979
Roller skating - although roller skates were invented in the mid 1800s, the technological improvements of the 70s allowed for smoother skating; rinks even combined with the disco scene during the height of the disco boom
Early Video games/arcade games
Using a sony walkman
Vinyl records
Picnics
Barbeques
Dinner parties
Watching TV shows
Going to the movies - sour patch kids appeared as movie snacks in 1970
Educational Trends
Learning Cycle Model in 1970
Project Guttenberg introduces the e-Book in 1971
Texas Instruments released their first handheld graphing calculator, the TI-2500 Data Math in 1972
Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 - prohibited discrimination based on sex in all aspects of education
Rehabilitation Act of 1973 - required civil rights granted to all disabled people and provided them accommodations in schools including participation in programs and activities as well as access to buildings
The Education of All Handicapped Children Act - requires a free public education suited to an individual’s needs
1974 case of Lau vs Nichols - determined that schools cannot discriminate against non english speakers; said students had the following rights: equal educational opportunities, sufficient special instruction, and respect for teachers
Public Law 94-142 - required free appropriate education for handicapped children
Women's Rights Movement
Bell bottoms
3 sizes of skirts
Hip huggers
Wide flared pants,
Tie Dye shirts
Platform shoes
Roller skates
Peace sign necklace
Hippie headbands
Fashion
Leisure suits
Track suits
Bell bottoms
Tight fitting pants
Print shirts
Tie Dye shirts
Platform shoes
Peace sign necklace
Hippie headbands
Facial hair
Long hair
Untucked shirts

Sports
Major Sports Teams
Pittsburgh Steelers - won 3 superbowls in the 70s
Baltimore Orioles - won 1 world series
Oakland A’s - won 3 world series
Pittsburgh Pirates - won 2 world series
New York Yankees - won 2 world series
Cincinnati Reds - won 2 world series
New York Knicks - won 2 NBA championships
Boston Celtics - won 2 NBA championships

Other Facts
Popular Sports
Impressive Athletes
Baseball
Basketball
Football
Hockey
Soccer popular with children
Mark Spitz - Olympic swimmer who won 7 gold medals and set 7 world records in the 1972 summer olympics
Muhammad Ali - boxer who regained heavyweight title by defeating George Foreman in 1974
Hank Aaron - baseball player who surpassed Babe Ruth’s home run record of 714 in 1974; set record of 755
O.J. Simpson - broke single season rushing record, running 2,003 yards himself; broke single season touchdown record in 1975
Reggie Jackson - hit three consecutive home runs in game against the Dodgers
The NBA adopted the three point shot in 1979
The NBA and ABA merge in 1976
Monday Night football started in 1970
Leisure Suits
Bell Bottoms
TI-2500 Data Math
1970s Sony Walkman
Anti-war Movement
The anti-war movement began in the late 1960s and effectively ended in 1973. A direct result of the Vietnam War, it caused many protests, particularly from college students. The movement grew strong in 1970, when in that February, news of the My Lai massacre was leaked to the public. The movement's momentum increased significantly following the Kent State Massacre, in which 4 college students were shot. In June 1971, the release of the first installment of the Pentagon Papers pushed the movement to its peak.
This movement was present in the dress as well as the voice of many Americans. In particular, the peace sign necklace and hippie headband were the most popular ways for one to show their support for peace.
Muhammad Ali
Leisure activities were really the same in the 1970s as they are today. The difference is how they did certain things. Without internet or widespread computer ownership, people couldn't use netflix or pandora to listen to their music. Other forms of leisure including eating with friends generally stayed the same.
Family
Following the movement for equality that seemed to sweep the country in the 70s, educational changes brought equality to schools around the U.S. Children with learning disabilities were accommodated for. Laws were passed to prevent the discrimination of foreign students by employees. The advance of technology allowed for the introduction of new devices which increased the learning capacity of students.
Sometimes called second wave feminism, the Women's Rights Movement began in the 1950s. Organizations supporting women's rights such as the National Organization for Women gained increased membership and attention. The Equal Rights Amendment was almost ratified, receiving 35 of the 38 votes necessary. The cases of Griswold v. Connecticut in 1965 and Massachusetts v. Baird in 1972 made it easier for both married and single women to access birth control pills. Magazines and books promoting gender equality grew extremely popular. The movement eventually stalled out in the 80s as divisions between radical and moderate feminist groups grew.
As women's roles in society itself changed, so did their role in the family. The traditional "nuclear family" with a parent and their children became only one type of family. The role of mother and father began to blur. Divorce rates increased, and more unmarried couples began to live together.
The fashion of the 1970s greatly represented the culture of the day and influence from the 60s. Hippies and others supporting the anti-war movement popularized the peace sign necklace and headband. Bell bottoms and tie dye shirts retained popularity from the 60s and throughout the 70s.
Fads
Many different fads were born in the 70s, some long-lasting and others brief. The fads were mostly about ownership of a certain object, but some required participation in an activity. Although many aren't around today, they helped define the culture of the 70s.
Pet rocks - created in 1975 by salesman Gary Dahl, it is a pebble or rock. according to the guidebook, it can be trained to roll over and play dead as well as be house trained
Mood rings - introduced in 1975 by two entrepreneurs, they were a mixture of liquid crystal bonded with quartz; this allowed the ring to change color based on the wearer's body temperature
Streaking - the act of removing one's clothes and running across a large area; only a brief fad, it gained a bit of attention; there was a song written about it and one could be arrested for streaking
CB radios - invented in the 1940s, it grew popular in the 70s a a means of communication between truck drivers, and a way for young adults to mess around
The National Organization for Women - formed in 1966 and reached 15,000 members by 1970
Our bodies, ourselves - a handbook which sold 850,000 copies from 1971-1976
Ms. - magazine first published in 1972
Equal Rights Amendment - first introduced at a Women's Rights Convention in 1923, it stated that “Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.”; When it was introduced congress in 1972, it received 35 of the 38 state votes necessary for its ratification
Equal Pay Act - passed in 1963 as a result of a report published by the Presidential Commission on the Status of Women in 1963 and made it illegal for men and women to receive different wages for doing the same amount of work
In 1968, congress extended civil rights legislation, which banned discrimination on the basis of race in the workplace, to ban gender bias
Femles undertook traditional male jobs such as medicine, law, politics, and management
Fathers took more interest in parenting
More gay and lesbian unions occurred
Open marriages became more common
Husbands felt inadequate when they were not the only source of income
Wives felt like they had to uphold the traditional female roles of cooking and cleaning as well as working full time jobs
The number of children born from unmarried couples soared
Gay Liberation Movement
Sports were just as popular in the 70s as they are today. Perhaps it was different athletes that excelled in a sport, or different teams happened to be better.
Sparked by the Stonewall riots of 1969, many gays began to speak out for equality. As early as 1970, multiple small gay rights organizations sprang up, often at odds with one another. Some women formed their own organizations, as they were disappointed that so many males led gay rights organizations.
• Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays formed in 1972 and offered family members greater support roles in the gay rights movement.
• National Gay and Lesbian Task Force formed in 1973
• Openly gay representatives elected, including Barney Franks and Elaine Noble
• The first ever march for gay rights occurred in 1970 in New York
• The first march on Washington for gay rights occurred in 1979
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