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Syntax in Letter From Birmingham Jail

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anja leventon

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Syntax in Letter From Birmingham Jail

Syntax Definition
the arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language.
Syntax in Letter From Birmingham Jail
Anaphora
Why King uses Syntax
King used syntax to convey his purpose in his letter. He varies the syntax to create emphasis on elements of the letter that are more important concepts than others.
Rhetorical devices used with syntax
anaphora- The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive clauses.

antithesis- Direct contrast, opposition

parallelism-giving two or more parts of the sentences a similar form so as to give the passage a definite pattern.
Examples From Letter From
Birmingham Jail
“when you have to concoct an answer for a five-year-old son who is asking: “Daddy, why do white people treat colored people so mean?”; when you…find it necessary to sleep night after night in the uncomfortable corners of your automobile because no motel will accept you; when you are humiliated day in and day out by nagging signs reading “white” and “colored”; when your first name becomes “nigger,” your middle name becomes “boy””
This is anaphora because the phrase 'when you' is repeated over and over to make his point
antithesis
Examples
"one has not only a legal but a moral responsibility to obey just laws. Conversely, one has a moral responsibility to disobey unjust laws."
This helps the audience see the difference between just and unjust laws through the contrast in both statements.
Parallelism
Examples
"lynch your mothers and fathers at will" and "drown your sisters and brothers at whim"
Similar words and phrases help emphasize his point
Anja, Sydnee, and Brandan
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