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Enrico Fermi's World Impact

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Katie Woods

on 19 May 2011

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Transcript of Enrico Fermi's World Impact

Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi discovered the basis of nuclear fission, which laid the groundwork for the atomic bomb. He also built the world's first nuclear reactor. A lot of the technology we have now would not be possible without the groundbreaking work of Enrico Fermi. He won a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1938. Events That Impacted Enrico Sources! http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1938/fermi-bio.html Benito Musselini Benito Musselini greatly affected Fermi, because his leadership forced Fermi to emigrate to the U.S, where he would eventually be on the team creating the atomic bomb. He had to emigrate because his wife, Laura, was a Jew. The Rise of Fascism Benito Musselini came to be dictator of Italy, due to the rise of Fascism. Pearl Harbor The Japanese bombing Pearl Harbor was the beginning of the war between Japan and the U.S. The developement of the atomic bomb, which Fermi is directly related to, begins here. Discovery of the Atom Enrico's work derives directly from the discovery of the atom. Had the atom not been discovered, Enrico would have never created the atomic bomb. http://www.fnal.gov/pub/about/whatis/enricofermi.html The Discovery of the Electron Enrico Fermi's work centered almost exclusively on the electron, which means the discovery of the electron was important to Fermi's research. Hitler's Invasion of Poland WWII began when Hitler invaded Poland. France and Britain declared war on Germany for their seizure of Poland. If this hadn't occured WWII never would have happened, and the atomic bomb wouldn't have been necessary. U.S. Entry into WWII The U.S. entered WWII as a result of the Japanese bombing Pearl Harbor The Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was the agreement that ended WWI. Germany suffered great losses, and siezed Poland in an attempt to get their empire back. Einstien's Theory of Relativity Einstein's theory of relativity states that E=mc2. Hidden in this theory is the idea that nuclear energy can be harnessed. Einstein's discovery of this idea, paved the way for Fermi's discovery of nuclear enrgy, which paved the way for the invention of the atomic bomb. Events That Enrico Fermi Impacted Invention of Nuclear Warfare In WWII, the invention of the atomic bomb changed the face of warfare forever. Enrico Fermi was on the team that created the atomic bomb. The Cold War The Cold War was an arms race between Communist Russia and the U.S. The two super-powers were building up arms. This wouldn't have happened, if Enrico Fermi hadn't done the research necessary to bulid the atomic bomb. The Beginning of Nuclear Energy Enrico Fermi was the first to build a nuclear reactor to create energy. He pioneered the now-booming industry of nuclear power. The Fukushima Energy Crisis A reactor began leaking radioactive material in Japan. Enrico Fermi indirectly affected this, by discovering nuclear power and inevnting the reactor model. The Defeat of Japan Enrico Fermi Enrico Fermi was one of the forerunners of the invention of the atomic bomb. His discoveries in the field of atomic structure earned him a Nobel Prize in Physics. He bulit the first nuclear reactor, which laid the grounds for the harnessing of nuclear energy. His contributions changed the world. Things That Impacted Enrico Fermi The Rise of Fascism Benito Musselini became the dictator of Italy, marking the beginning of the fascist government. This impacted Fermi, as he fled Italy after the rise of fascism. Discovery of the Proton Much of Enrico Fermi's work was based on the discovery of the proton. Had the proton not been invented, there would have been nothing for Enrico to base his discoeveries and research off. Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was the dictator of Nazi Germany. He began WWII, which was the war in which the deadly weapons that Fermi helped create were used. Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles was the agreement made after WWI. It said Germany had to pay crippling war reparations. As a result, Germany was desperate for an answer, and Adolf Hitler seemed to be it. Pearl Harbor The Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor was what began the US's involvement in WWII. This involvement was why the atomic bomb was commissioned. Discovery of the Atom The theory of the atom, which comes from the Greek word atomos, which means "smallest piece", was first thought by the ancient Greeks. Had they not thought of this revolutionary idea, none of the events in our modern world would be possible. Writing of Elementorum Physicae Mathematicae Enrico Fermi first became interested in Physics after reading Elementorum Physicae Mathematicae as a young child. Japanese Takeover of Manchuria The Japanese takeover is what began Japanese land greed, which started the Japanese involvement of WWII. The Economic Depression The economic depression hit Italy hard, and Benito Musselini was the leader who emerged from the chaos of hyperinflation, food shortages, and mass unemployment. World War One The fighting of WWI ened with the Treaty of Versaille. WWI was the beginning of many of the issues that would start WWII. Things That Enrico Fermi Impacted End of WWII The war with Japan ended soon after the bombs being dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, which were designed by Enrico Fermi. The Discovery of Fermium The 100th element on the periodic table, Fermium, could not have been discovered without Fermi's ground breaking research, and as such, was named after him. The Invention of the Atomic Bomb Fermi was on the team who invented the atomic bomb which would eventually destroy Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Demolition of Hiroshima and Nagasaki In 1945, the US dropped two atomic bombs on Japan. The result was hundreds of thousands of casualties, and those who didn't die were afflicted with a horrible radiation sickness. The Cold War The Cold war was an arms race after WWII
between the Soviet Union and the US. The weapons stockpiled were the new nuclear weapons that Fermi had helped create. Invention of Nuclear Reactors Fermi was the creator of the first nuclear reactor. He was the pioneer of nuclear energy. Fukishima Reactor Meltdown The recent nuclear power disaster in Japan was the result of a reactor meltdown. This could not have occured if Fermi had not invented the reactor almost 50 years earlier. Invention of the FERMIAC Enrico Fermi invented an analog computer that was the precursor to the mdern computer. Nuclear Energy Debate Currently there is a debate going on whether nuclear energy is really clean energy. This debate would not have occured without the invention of the nuclear reactor. Bibliography http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1938/fermi-bio.html
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