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International Committee of the Red Cross

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Christophe Ly

on 10 October 2013

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Transcript of International Committee of the Red Cross

President

Vice-Presidents
Elected Members<Pr
1919
2007
2013
A Memory of Solferino
written by Henry Dunant
a proposal to:
create national relief societies
protect those wounded in war
Birth of the Red Cross
2010
1863
1862
Many more activities to alleviate suffering...
International Committee of the Red Cross
Introduction
Outline
Governance
Governance: Who Decides?
Assembly Council
Assembly Committee
Council Members
Committee Members
Directorate
Director General
Directorate
The Executive Body of Committee

- Appointed by the Assembly
- 4 year terms
- Apply and enforce general objectives and strategies form Assembly
- Daily operations and smooth running





- Set policies, objectives, and strategies of Committee
- Supervises financial matters of the Committee
+approves budget and accounts
- Nominate directors and head of Internal Audit
- Membership limited to Swiss nationals = "international"?





- ICRC headquarters: Geneva, Switzerland
- External offices: 80 countries around the world
- 12,000 staff
- 800 in headquarters
- 1,200 work as delegates or specialists
- 10,000 work as on-site staff
Operations, Human Resources, Resources and Operational Support, Communication, International Law and Cooperation within the Movement
- Can make executive decisions on behalf of whole Assembly

- Elected by Assembly

- Organizes Assembly meetings

- Facilitates communication between Assembly and Directorate
Where does the money come from? Where does it go?
Who are they?
http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/fact-figures/12-06-appeals-keydata-2013.htm
ICRC Budget
2009: 996.9 million Swiss francs
2013: 1.17 billion Swiss francs
Annual Headquarter Appeals
Emergency Appeals
- Cover individual missions
- 75% of EA funds go towards "situations of international and non-international armed conflict"

(http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/fact-figures/12-06-appeals-keydata-2013.htm)
Voluntary Donations ("private association")
+ ~90% from States Party to Geneva Conventions (mainly Swiss and U.S.)
+Private organizations
+EU
+National Red Cross Societies
+Civil Society
http://www.icrc.org/eng/resources/documents/interview/2011/finances-interview-2011-04-26.htm
Legal Foundations
All states bound by Geneva Convention of 1949
Core of international humanitarian law
4 areas:
Assembly
internal costs
The International Committee of the Red Cross is the biggest group of humanitarian associations in the world. It coordinates the national disaster response in more than 180 national societies.
Legal Foundations
Wounded
Shipwrecked
Prisoners of war
Civilians
Current Status
ICRC's mission
"To protect the lives and dignity of victims of war and internal violence and to provide them with assistance."
Seven basic principles
Humanity
Impartiality
Neutrality
Independence
Volunteerism
Unity
Universality
http://www.ifrc.org/fr/vision-et-mission/mouvement/icrc/
Collaborate with National Societies on their projects
- "Neutrality" dilemma
ICRC's work

The ten current largest operations worldwide are Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, Sudan, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Israel and the Occupied Territories, Colombia, Yemen, and Mali/Niger.

Post-Conflict
Agricultural recovery programs: seeds, tools, etc.
Provide survivor relief: medicine, food, water, supplies
International Humanitarian Law
-Geneva Conventions of 1949
-regulate armed conflict
+type of weaponry (no chemical warfare)
+military tactics
-protect those not in combat
ex. civilian, medical, imprisoned, sick

Based in Geneva, Switzerland
NGO: non-governmental organization
Private independent agency
Special status in public international law
194 countries
Micro-economic initiatives
... and also
During Conflict
Visit detainees to enforce International Humanitarian Law ("law of war")
- Facilitate communication (intermediary)
Evacuate civilians in conflict zones
Healthcare for injured people
Reconnecting families
... but also...
The official logo of ICRC
Pre-Conflict
Regional delegations act as early warning system for conflict
Education: IHL, ICRC, public health, disease prevention, etc.
1864
1914-8
1939-45
1929
1863
1862
A Memory of Solferino
Written by Henry Dunant

Described Franco-Austrian war

Proposed:
- create national relief societies
- adopt document to protect wounded

World War I
Agency for correspondence between soldiers and family
Information about prisoners of war
relief parcels
Red Crescent
Officially recognition of emblem

Attack on anyone with emblem: war crime



World War II
Central Agency for Prisoners of War:
registered names of captured soldiers

Failure:
no access to victims of Nazi concentration camps

First Geneva Convention
12 states sign treaty protecting wounded soldiers

Led to modern day International Humanitarian Law

Birth of the Red Cross
First committee: 5 members
Fourth Geneva Convention
Article 3:
Humanitarian rules applied to non-international conflict


1949
Who is ICRC?
What does it do?
How is it financed?
Who decides?
Henry Dunant
Today
Germany: Siberian Prisoners of War
Extending protection to civilians
The Work of the ICRC
Who decides?
Who is ICRC?
What does it do?
How is it financed?
Timeline
1862:
1863:
August 22, 1864:
1914-8:
1929:
1939-45:
1949:
Thank you for your attention!
President
Vice-President
Council members
Xiang FENG, Jesse CHOU, Christophe LY
Full transcript