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Haemophilia

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by

Karlo Mendoza

on 13 February 2013

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Transcript of Haemophilia

Genetic Disorder:
Haemophilia or
Hemophilia By: Karlo Mendoza What is a genetic disorder? A genetic disorder is known as a disease which happens due to a problem with an individuals DNA. Problems can vary from a missing or having a extra gene to missing a whole chromosome. Most of the time disease is inherited genetically. What is Haemophilia? Haemophilia is a type of genetic disorder which causes abnormal bleeding that happens when a protein that causes clotting is reduced.
Biggest health concern is internal bleeding and bleeding within the joints
Life long disease, but with good care, people have the disease can live life with no problem
Also known as disease of kings and royalty.
Genetic disorder due to the sex chromosomes, sex linked or X linked inheritance
Cannot be seen on a karyotype because it is the result of a bad a allele, and not a chromosome Haemophilia A Most common form of haemophilia as it occurs 85% of the time and known as classic haemophilia.
lack of a protein that helps the blood clot, when more of the protein is missing symptoms worsen.
Missing protein is known as factor VIII
People with haemophilia A have moderate or severe symptoms Haemophilia B Not a big difference from haemophilia A
Haemophilia B happens when a protein known as factor IX which help clot blood.
Just like haemophilia A the more of the protein missing the more severe the symptoms
Also known as Christmas disease as Steven Christmas was the first ever person with the disease. What is a bleeding disorder? Abnormal bleeding
When there is poor blood clotting and continuous bleeding
People who have bleeding disorders happen to bleed longer
When proteins that help clotting are reduced continuous bleeding occurs Symptoms, Causes, Risks Symptoms:
Excessive bleeding
Nose bleeds
Abnormal menstrual bleeding
Bruising
Bleeding without cause
Internal bleeding
Difficulty walking
Frequent vomiting Causes:
Missing proteins that affect clotting Risks:
vision loss due to bleeding into the eye
scarring of the joints
death due to blood loss or bleeding in important organs Test and Diagnosis People would be diagnosed after one has a abnormal bleeding experience, such as a long period of bleeding.
One could know if they might have the disease by understanding family history as it is passed down through the family.
Blood test can be conducted to find out if one has the disease Treatment Medical Treatment:
No cure for Haemophilia
Treatment vary depending on how bad symptoms are.
Usually injections containing substance similar to the clotting factors will stop bleeding, if conditions are more sever injections might have to be repeated.
Small cuts need applied pressure and bandages.
Lifestyle and Home Treatment:
Exercise by swimming, bike riding, and walking are good for protecting the joint, contact sport are not good for those with haemophilia
Avoid injuries that can cause internal or external bleeding
Good hygiene
Avoid medications that can cause bleeding such as aspirin. People With Haemophilia *Or carrier Queen Victoria is said to be a carrier of the disease as her son Leopold had the disease Genghis Khan was rumored to having haemophilia. Most likely false due to the life he lived with war. (A lot of contact and cuts) Mother Theresa is rumored to have been a person with haemophilia, but women with the disease is rare, and living to an old age is rare.
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