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Famous Nazi Sympathizers
Transcript of Famous Nazi Sympathizers
The head of Ford Motors, Henry Ford, was a faithful supporter and advisor to the Nazis. His support came from the early stages of his childhood as he grew up to hate Jews. He later on goes to buy his hometown newspaper in which he starts to publish a series of articles about Jews infecting America. Ford also sent over cars to Hitler during WWII and financially supported Hitler's political campaigns. Since he had a burning hatred for the Jews, he supported Hitler in every way for "The Final Solution." He also received a medal called the Grand Cross of the Order of the German Eagle as a birthday present from Hitler in 1938. After WWII, Ford's money and power kept him safe. He did not return the medal received from the Nazis even with the public's displeasure.
Coco Chanel, the founder of Chanel, was a secret supporter of the Nazis and their actions. Declassified documents from France's national police archive revealed her years as a spy for the German military intelligence organization. She also hated Jews which explains her Nazi spy days. Coco Chanel supposedly used her advantages of being a spy to get full control of a perfume scent, Chanel No. 5, from a Jewish family who had helped her make the scent. After WWII ended, she was interrogated by her relationships with the Nazis,but she was not charged as a collaborator.
Henry Ford's Articles on Jews in America from his own Newspaper
Charles Lindbergh at a Nazi party in Berlin
Article on Hitler's Mountain Home in Better Homes and Gardens
William Randolph Hearst
William Randolph Hearst, the founder of Hearst Publications, was one of the more public and positive supporters of the Nazis. When the stock market crashed, Hearst Corporation was hit very hard. WRH had to shut down the film company he had and also several of his publications. With that, Hearst turned against the US and went to interview Hitler in order to legitimize Hitler's leadership in Germany. His goal was to make a positive image for the Nazis. Some of his publications had some Americans convinced that the Nazis were not bad.
In the dark ages of the Holocaust and WWII, many American people were surprisingly supporters of the Nazis. I chose this topic on famous American supporters of the Nazis because I was curious to see people who were sympathetic towards Hitler/the Nazis and exactly why they were. One thing I already knew about my topic was that Henry Ford, founder of Ford Motors, openly supported the Nazis. The main reason for choosing this topic was to know why they supported Hitler and the Nazis. My essential question is:
Black, Edwin. IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation. United States. Crown Books, 2001. Print.
Who were some of the famous Nazi sympathizers?
The main search terms that I used were "famous Nazi sympathizers", "Nazi collaborators", and "Hitler supporter." My first few search results were very broad and not beneficial to my topic. Then, I started to find names, reasons, and all sorts of information that really shocked me. My sub-questions started to come to me as I found more information.
Why did they support/agree with the Nazis?
What were some ways they expressed their beliefs?
Did they know about the concentration/death camps?
What happened to the Nazi sympathizers after the war?
The most public and vocal supporter was Charles Lindbergh, the first man to fly over the Atlantic Ocean without stopping. He wasn't a financial supporter of the Nazis, but Lindbergh was a public advocate for allying Germany to fight against Communism. Similar to Hitler, he believed in white racial superiority. Another example of his public support of the Nazis was how he attended the Olympics as a guest of the Nazis. In 1938, he was given the Service Cross of the German Eagle while attending a dinner party in Berlin. Lindbergh founded the America First Committee to build opposition to American entry into WWII. When America entered the war, Lindbergh went to work for Henry Ford as an aircraft design consultant. He was also frequently in the newpapers when Nazi papers would praise or use his words. Later on, Lindbergh was blocked by President Roosevelt in rejoining the US Air Corps after the war and caused a nationwide fury after stating his anti-Jew beliefs.