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Processes of Urbanisation in Yangon
Transcript of Processes of Urbanisation in Yangon
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Yangon is located in the southern part of Myanmar. However, it is not a typical Asian city
many people moved to Yangon from the countryside
rural-urban migration was strong
Myanmar's economic reforms have brought many positive effects to the lives of Yangon's people but also had some negative aspects
less developed in Yangon than in many other cities
security devices became more common
in the late 1990s, Yangon's first walled housing estate was opened at the northern end of the central business district's grid layout streets
Kandawgyi Lake, popular park in the Yangon city centre
It is the largest city in Myanmar.
Today it is a very important commercial centre.
It is the country’s former capital city.
Yangon is usually dirty and noisy
Damage of Downtown Yangon after the Second World War
THE BEGINING OF CHANGES
1960s - a policy known as the 'Burmese Way to Socialism'
The stagnation of economy
Freeing the economy from many restrictions - it allowed foreign investments to occur
Significant changes in the urban processes
visible in the city centre
some of the building were used by the government, other - taken over by squatters
about 80% of the buildings in Yangon's CBD require urgent maintenance
it has accelerated since Myanmar's economic reforms were introduced
migrants have settled in the outer suburbs
Yangon is said to be an overgrown village
the new suburbs were called 'New Towns'
they consist of simple village houses built along straight roads
Yangon's size increased
this caused transport problems
there is very little separation of home and workplace
very few residents own private motor vehicles so they rely on the public transport which is over-crowded and in very poor condition
URBAN RENEWAL, GENTRIFICATION
Many of the squatters were rehoused in the new suburbs
It enabled many old buildings to be renovated as offices or more expensive apartments
urban renewal is not restricted to the CBD
the government wishes to modernise Yangon so that it could appear more worthy of a modern business centre
the city administration decided to demolish the colonial buildings and replace them with edifices of an "international style"
(urban consolidation - a process of increasing the density of residential buildings in an urban area)
owners want to maximise the value of each square metre of land
urban consolidation has increased the pressure on Yangon's old public transport system
The Central Mosque - Muslim's population
A secure executive housing estate the CBD
A house of the wealthy in Yangon