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Unit 3 - The American Revolution

Roots of Revolution - Constitution
by

Michele Goostree

on 26 September 2016

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Transcript of Unit 3 - The American Revolution

Chronology of Rising Tension
The
American Revolution
1775-1783

Precursor to American Revolution:
The French and Indian War
Why?
British tax Americans and control trade.
Boston Massacre
Boston Tea Party
Purpose:
Protest Tea Tax
Cause:
Tension over presence of British troops in Boston
Who's Who?
Patriots
Colonists who supported the American Revolution
Also known as:
Americans
Patriots
Whigs
Rebels
Revolutionaries
Loyalists
Colonists who supported the British in opposing the Revolution
Also known as:
Tories
Continental Congress Meets
Decide whether or not to take action against British occupation
Raised public support for the Revolution and condemned the monarchy.
WAR!
British Troops:
~50,000 regular troops
~30,000 Hessian (German) mercenaries
~Troops well trained; Battle ready
Colonial Troops
~"Minutemen"
~no more than 20,000 at one time
~young, landless, unskilled, poor
~indentured servants
~slaves sent in master's place
Colonial Women:
~cared for sick and wounded
~cooked, mended clothes
~buried the dead
~served in combat
Treaty of Paris (1783)
~Ended the American Revolution between England and America
~England was "generous" to the U.S. with land
Proclamation of 1763 denied colonists right to expand West.
One of the most influential documents in American history.
Terms of the Treaty:
United States* is free from the British Crown and all related claims.
Set boundaries between the U.S. and British North America.
Prisoner's of War (P.O.W.) on both sides released.
U.S. will not take Loyalist property.
Great Britain and U.S. give each other access to the Mississippi River.
Why Revolution?
Fighting over religion, race, culture
Colonists were not a united culture:
BUT...
Shared grievances gave them common identity!
British stationed troops in the colonies
As Americans, "WE" believe government exists to:
Protect the rights of the people
Provide right to overthrow unjust and tyrannical king
Provide all people the RIGHT to "life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness."
Another look...why do these taxes anger the colonists?
Colonist Responses?
Boycott
Smuggle
Tar/Feather
Drawn/Quartered
Ride the Rail
From
The Patriot
:
Battle of Camden
In 21st Century Words, What Were Loyalists, Patriots, and the King Saying?
Loyalists (and Patriot response)...
Patriots...
The King...
How did "We" Win?
GEOGRAPHY
Size of the Colonies from North to South
Unknown and unmapped terrain
British Didn't Utilize Loyalists
No trust!
Guerrilla Tactics
From this...
...to this
Force non-traditional fighting
Use clothing to blend in EVERYWHERE
Foreign Intervention
Marquis de Lafayette and FRANCE
Ships, weapons, and men to So. colonies
Full transcript