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From E-Learning to Open Network Learning
Transcript of From E-Learning to Open Network Learning
Chih-Hsiung Tu, Ph.D.
Northern Arizona University
Flagstaff, Arizona, USA
A Presentation for
Singapore Institute of Technology
Instructivism Online Learning
Constructivism Online Learning
Connectivism Online Learning
Learner as recipients
Learner as consumer/constructor
Personalized & collaborating
Learners as network creators
Personal Learning Environment (PLE)
Open Network Learning Environment (ONLE)
Web 2.0 tools (Wiki, Twitter, SNS, blog...)
Global Digital Citizen
Replicate FTF instructions
Group space activities
Interactive network instructions
To create, share, manage content
Students generated eTextbooks
wiki, social bookmarking
Consistent tech. interface
Easier to manage
Take learning responsibilities
Highly social & collaborative
Teachers: Less control
Students: Not used to take control
Require more time
Require high self-regulated learning skills
Privacy, security issues
Knowledge is transferred from teacher to students.
Knowledge is constructed by students.
Knowledge is distributed across learning networks.
Chih-Hsiung Tu, Ph.D.
Network Linkage Design Model
Online Collaborative Learning Community
Pedagogy & Technology
Pedagogy (Instructional Design)
Online Learning Tools
Pedagogy & Tools shape each other.
It's not what we have (tools); it's about how we put them together (pedagogy).
Set their own learning goals,
Manage their learning contents & process, &
Communicate with others in the learning process so that their learning goals can be achieved (van Harmelen, 2006).
are digital environments that empower learners to
participate in creative endeavors,
conduct social networking,
organize/reorganize social contents, &
manage social acts
by connecting people, resources, & tools
by integrating Web 2.0 tools to design environments that are totally transparent, or open to public view;
the same architecture can be used to design the degree of openness users feel is necessary to the situation.