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Transcript of Pathétique
a. Completed when Beethoven was 27 in 1798.
b. First published in 1799.
c. Dedicated, not commissioned, to Prince Karl von Lichnowsky
a. The piece wasn’t commissioned by anyone.
III. First Performance and Modern Usages:
a. Presumably first done by Beethoven in 1798 at Karl von Lichnowsky’s estate.
b. Practically copied into Billy Joel’s “This Night”.
c. “Midnight Blue” by Louise Tucker was based on Pathetique.
d. The first movement “Grave” was the background music for an AT&T commercial.
IV. Important Historical Events:
a. Ratification of 11th amendment (U.S.) – Jan. 8th
b. Pope Pius VI is removed from office (Rome) – Feb. 20th
c. The (new) Republic of Switzerland forms (Switzerland) – Mar. 29th
d. Irish Rebellion of 1798 (Ireland) – May 24th
e. Alien Act passed, allowing deportment of dangerous aliens (U.S.) – Jun. 25th
f. U.S. Marine Corps formed (U.S.) – Jul. 11th
g. Sedition Act passed prohibiting the “false, scandalous and malicious” writing of the U.S. government. (U.S.) – Jul. 14th
h. Napoleon captures Alexandria, Egypt (Egypt) – Jul. 23rd
i. Russia and England form the Second Coalition (Europe) – Dec. 24th
V. Ludwig van Beethoven:
a. December 17, 1770 – March 26, 1827.
b. One of his most successful pieces (historically speaking).
c. Titled by Beethoven’s publisher, not Beethoven.
d. Some historians believe that Beethoven heavily based “Pathetique” off of Mozart’s Piano Sonata K. 457.
e. Beethoven reflects Mozart’s style (as did much of his early work. In this piece particularly, the key C minor and the styles and rhythms of the three movements are very similar.)
a. Written in C minor.
http://www.historyorb.com/events/date/1798 Style Traits
Composed in C minor; consistent with his other “depressing” works:
• “Defiance of suffering and a single-minded determination to surmount it lie at the heart of virtually all his C minor compositions. By the late 18th century, that key’s strong association with a sense of tragic drama was firmly established: Mozart had cast several of his most dramatic works in that key, while Beethoven had recently composed the first of three dramatic C minor sonatas (Op. 10/1)."
• However, the “C minor as pathos” identification probably was cemented with the “Grande Sonate Pathtique,” one of only two sonatas whose nickname was actually provided by Beethoven.
• Beethoven’s 8th piano sonata fits the classical form of the sonata with a few twists thrown in, mainly the introduction material and its re-occurrences before the development and coda.
• A classical sonata has two main themes that make up the exposition, a development where the main material is placed in different settings and then a recap of the main themes.
• Pathetique is broken into three separate movements:
The sonata consists of three movements:
• Grave (Slowly, with solemnity) – Allegro di molto e con brio (Quickly, with much vigour)
• Adagio cantabile (Slowly, in a singing style)
• Rondo: Allegro (Quickly)
http://prezi.com/n8uzafja2ebi/edit/?auth_key=oxky2g2&follow=ywhivhhs6an1&kw=edit-n8uzafja2ebi&rc=ref-1601722 PATHÉTIQUE piano sonata no. 8, op. 13 in C minor Overview Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 8 in C minor, Op. 13, commonly known as Sonata Pathtique, was written in 1798 when the composer was 27, and was published in 1799.
The piece is written in C minor, coined as the "emotional" key of the day, and the slow sadness associated with the key is still recognizable today. It is written for a solo performer, and is 19 minutes long in total. Widely popular upon publication, Pathetique is arguably one of Beethoven's most successful works. Form Pathetique is characterized by its 3 distinct movements, the second being the most popular among musicians and students for its slow, singable melody and simplicity. shh top secret notes History The Pathetique Sonata was created by Ludwig von Beethoven (1770-1827), and is one of 32 of his piano sonatas. It is considered to have been written in his first or early period.
Pathetique was completed in 1798, but wasn’t published until 1799. It was then named by Beethoven's publisher ("Pathetique" meaning sorrowful or touching) due to its emotional effects. Grave (Slowly, with solemnity), the introduction/exposition
Adagio cantabile (Slowly, in a singing style)
Rondo: Allegro (Quickly)
recap Pathetique was not commissioned, rather dedicated to Prince Karl von Lichnowsky, one of Beethoven’s strongest aristocratic supporters and at the time, good friends.
It was presumably first performed at Lichnowsky’s estate by Beethoven in 1798.
Pathetique is one of seven of Beethoven's works to be dedicated to Lichnowsky.
The two's relationship was not of a normal patronage, but Beethoven still received payments from Lichnowsky for his works. Patron & Dedication First Movement 2
2 The opening movement, Grave: Allegro di molto e con brio, is composed in the classic sonata form. It is performed in time, and is played in the piece's home key of C minor. Beginning with a solemn introduction, the movement has an extremely fast-paced theme driven by bass tremolos and various uses of sforzando for dramatic effect. Second Movement The second movement, Adagio cantabile, is performed in A-flat major, in time. The opening melody featured in this movement is what the whole of Pathetique is known for. The slow melody is extremely popular among early piano students due to its beauty despite the movement's simple structure. It is considered to be what makes Pathetique "sad". 2
4 THE MOVEMENTS the three movements are formed as follows: It's formed as a five-part rondo, with the above theme played three times with two additional episodes. While this movement is featured as a rondo, the third movement is considered the piece's "actual" Rondo: allegro. SONATA FORM Third Movement The sonata closes with a cut time movement in C minor. This movement has a considerably bright pace, similar to that of the first movement, despite the sad emotion associated with the C minor key. It combines the rhythmic pace of the first movement and the melodic theme set by the second. Inspiration Pathetique’s significance to Beethoven’s large repertoire of successful music is primarily because it marks Beethoven’s first steps from Mozart and Haydn's influences that were prominent in his earlier music into a style of his own. It was one of Beethoven’s most successful piano sonatas. SIGNIFICANCE the eighth piano sonata remains as one of Beethoven's most famous piano sonatas to date Better Stated "When it comes to what or whom influenced the writing of The Pathetique, Haydn has to be mentioned, as he was Beethoven’s composition teacher. There are elements of Haydn’s “Drumroll” symphony in the sonata. It is also believed that Beethoven was inspired by Mozart’s K. 475 piano sonata. Also providing inspiration was Jan Ladislav Dussek, who’s sonata is also quite similar in opening to Beethoven’s." - Eric Lemmon, opensourcemusic.org Additional Facts The second movement's verse structure and melody is practically copied into Billy Joel's "This Night". Beethoven is credited as one of the song's writers on the sleeve of the featured album as "L.V. Beethoven".
The sonata's actual name is the piano sonata no. 8, op. 13 in C minor, the Grande Sonate Pathetique. Named by his publisher, history simply remembers the piece by it's nickname. by Halla Walcott & Garret Walker Additional Reading/
Works Referenced http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Piano_Sonata_No._8_(Beethoven)
http://www.all-about-beethoven.com/patetica.html } THANK YOU for watching