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The 1920s

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Lizz Marie Groda

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of The 1920s

The 1920s
Society
Culture
Politics
Economy
Economic Weaknesses
not all Americans were prosperous
demand slowed after WW1
problems couldn't be relieved
Ford Revolutionizes Industry
The New Consumer
Labor Strife Grows
New Roles for Women
New Family Roles
rules of behavior changes
roles of sexes changed too
equality in relationships was sought
New Opportunities
19th amendment is ratified
women could vote
got government jobs
wartime jobs were lost by most
work changed
attended college
Effects of Urbanization
farming took a hard hit
rural population dropped
more people moved to cities
Labor's Losses
Unions lost members
Reputation, status, and bargaining power in the US wouldn't be restored until later
Post War Difficulties
expectations rose
disappointment occurred
little is done to help manage matters at home
Assembly Line
Ford creates assembly line
production is done faster and is easier
The Effect on Industry
competitors learned from Ford
assembly line was used for more than just cars
welfare capitalism grew
New ways to pay
borrowing money becomes popular
installment buying
people buy on credit
New Products
products are created
vacuums, refrigerators
electrification becomes big
radio is invented
Creating Demand
persuasive advertising gains a large role in economy
The Flapper
young women defied traditional ideas of dress and behavior
independence and freedom
Prohibition
18th Amendment
law restrictions were put in place on alcohol
alcohol was banned in the US
Prohibition in Practice
Crime
illegal practices became more prominent, due to enforcement of law being impossible
ordinary citizens became criminals, criminals became kings (Al Capone, pictured below)
bootlegger smuggled in alcohol illegally
speakeasies were illegal bars where alcohol was served
they became popular
African Americans
The Great Migration
African Americans from the south moved north to find freedom and economic opportunities
racism was still prominent
The Harlem Renaissance
Writers & Poets
Langston Hughes- Poet
Art
Red Scare
widespread fear of communism US
Americans felt afraid so they rid themselves of all potential communists
Conflicts over Values
there was conflict between modernists and traditionalists
Urban and Rural
both differed significantly
certain groups rose out of this conflict (KKK)
Fundamentalism grew
lots of beliefs vs beliefs
Mass Entertainment
The Harding Presidency
Republican took office in 1920
wanted to reach normalcy once again
"Less government in business, more business in government"
cut fed budget and reduce taxes
accused of bribery
term ended in death
The Coolidge Presidency
"Silent Cal"
took over for Harding
modest background
honesty was his best policy
had faith in the power of business and industry
"Those who build a factory build a temple of worship. Those who work in the factory, worship there."
chose not to run again
Change in Harlem
Harlem bristled with creative energy
African Americans used creativity to express their sense of racial pride and identity
attracted artists, musicians, and writers
Musicians
Bessie Smith- Singer
Movies
exploded in popularity
change in types of film
short, simple, soundless pieces
Americans loved being able to share the experiences of movies together
Americans sought new ways to entertain themselves
out of this, came movies and radio
these were ways that would help Americans to bond with each other
Radio
became standard equipment
broadcasts of music grew in popularity
used to play stories, music, news, etc.
kept the American population entertained
An Era of Heroes
the popularity of movies helped create a new type of celebrity
film stars became the next big thing, placing themselves in the heart of Americans and giving themselves the title of heroes
people who achieved great things, such as flying planes over the Atlantic or to Paris in record time, became heroes
sports also became a common past time for Americans and those that were good, became heroes as well
Silent Film Actors, Rudolph Valentino and Charlie Chaplin
Pilots, Amelia Earhart and Charles A. Lindbergh
Baseball Star, Babe Ruth
Arts of the 1920s
with the themes of the 1920s, economic and social change, given to novelists, great works were produced
a very popular author was F. Scott Fitzgerald, who wrote The Great Gatsby
Full transcript