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Diphtheria

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by

Diane Chaophrasy

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Diphtheria

Reservoir Portal of Exit Mode of Transmission Diphtheria infects nose and throat.
Respiratory droplets, from an infected person. caused by respiratory droplets (from a cough or sneeze.) from an infected person, or somebody who has the bacteria but no symptoms
Breathing same air
also spread by contaminated objects and unpasteurised milk. Portal of Entry http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002575/
http://www.vdh.virginia.gov/epidemiology/surveillance/hai/documents/pdf/Chain%20of%20Infection%20Fact%20Sheet.pdf
http://www.aarogya.com/conditions-and-diseases/diphtheria/3581-causative-agent-a-spread-of-diphtheria.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diphtheria Causative Agent Symptoms bluish color in skin
bloody/watery nose discharge
breathing problems
chills
cough (barking)
drooling (airway is about to close)
fever
painful swallowing
sore throat
AND THEN SOMETIMES THERE MAY BE NO SYMPTOMS AT ALL Signs Doctor will look inside mouth to see if there is a gray to black tough like covering inside of throat, which blocks the airway. Also will check to see swelling on neck and enlarged glands. (2 or 5 days after coming contact with the bacteria) Corynebacterium diphtheriae (C. diphtheriae) (Infected person!) Susceptible Host Diane Chaophrasy anybody can get diphtheria, but not likely if you have been vaccinated.
poor hygiene
more common in Africa, South Asian, and the Soviet Union Treatment mucus membranes
Respiratory Tract
cuts on the skin, wounds, and ulcers example: Diane went into a patient (with Diphtheria)'s room to clean them up. The patient had a very swollen neck and a bloody/runny nose. Diane was about to be late to have lunch with Jade, so she quickly cleaned the patient, not having time to put on gloves or a mask. When Diane finally arrived at Panera Bread, Jade had already ordered her a sandwich. Diane rubbed her nose and sat and ate with her friend. He harshly coughed on Diane. "I'll just wash my hands when I get there", she said and then quickly packed her things. In 5 days, Diane was laying in bed coughing and barely breathing with a high fever. She had got infected with Diphtheria!! Received a shot (immunization)
antibiotics
fluids by IV
rest
heart monitoring
insertion of breathing tube
fix airway blockages if only Diane would of worn a mask and gloves and properly washed her hands after dealing with the patient. Good thing there is treatment and immunization! @DCxoxo_ BYE HEALTH SCIENCE 5TH PERIOD
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