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Those Winter Sundays
Transcript of Those Winter Sundays
The first two stanzas display a nostalgic tone as he remembers his childhood and how he treated his father
A shift in tone is displayed in the last two lines: the author uses a compunctious tone as he questions himself for not being grateful for all his father did
Born Asa Bundy Sheffey in Detroit, MI on August 4, 1913
Grew up in a poor neighborhood by his foster parents, Sue Ellen Westerfield and William Hayden.
First African American to be named as Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress (Poet Laureate)
Famous for writing about African American history and cultural themes
Died at the age of 66 in Ann Arbor, MI, on February 25, 1980
Literary Movement: Black Arts
Love can be displayed through many different ways.
When we are young, we don't realize the sacrifices the people we love make for us.
1960's & early 70's
Explored African American culture and history
Brought a new generation of poets
Poets Involved: Langston Hughes, Robert Hayden, Margaret Walker, etc.
Father & Friend - Alain Clark
First Person; Use of pronoun "I"
Hayden's poem is a form of tribute to his foster father
He took for granted his father's hard work (Line 5, "No one ever thanked him.")
Writing in first person brings emphasis to the emotions he feels towards his father
Imagery is mostly focused on temperature and setting in the poem
In line 2, "..the blueblack cold," and in line 6, "..cold splintering, breaking," is a reference to the cold weather exhibited in his hometown of Detroit. The cold also displays his strain relationship with his father.
"Where the rooms were warm.." (line 7) shows how much work his father brings to the family and their home
Being on a Sunday morning adds a religious reference due to the fact that on Sundays, being a day of rest, his father is still preforming work for his family
Consonance is present in all stanzas with the repeated use of the letter "c" and "k". "Clothes" "cold" "cracked" "banked" etc.
Alliteration: "Weekday Weather" (line 40 and "banked fires blaze" (line 5)
Rhetorical Question: "What did....offices?" (lines 13-14) shows his realization of the quiet way his father displayed his love towards his son
Personification: "love's..offices?"- compares love and neglect
Cacophony: Use of "c" and "k" sounds creating a harsh and unpleasing sound. "blueblack cold," "cracked..ached," "weekday," "chronic," etc.
Contains no rhyme or normal meter
Repetition of certain words or phrases such as cold and "What did I know, what did I know" (line 13).
Sonnet: 14 lines