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World War II (1939-1945) AP
Transcript of World War II (1939-1945) AP
June 1944: D-Day (Normandy) - Liberated France
April 1945: Soviets invade Germany
May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders
World War II (1939-1945)
Cause(s) - Food??
Japan - experiencing food shortage
1931 - Invades Manchuria (Korea)
1937 - Invasion of China & Rape of Nanking
Hitler - Fascist Germany (1933)
Treaty of Versailles - humiliation
Liebestraum - "living space"
Hitler took back the Rhineland & Sudetenland and invaded Austria & Czechoslovakia
Munich Conference - Chamberlain agrees to Hitler's demands
League of Nations - fails to reprimand Hitler for breaking Treaty of Versailles
Hitler & Stalin (1939)
Make non-aggression pact to divide up Poland
Sept 1, 1939 - Hitler invades Poland
France (de Gaulle)
Blitzkrieg - "lighting war"
Battle of Britain (July-Oct 1940)
Royal Air Force v. Luftwaffe
Britain holds out
Stalls Hitler's advancements
In 9 months, Hitler taken over most of Europe
France surrenders (1940)
Invasion of Russia (June - Nov 1941)
Battle of Stalingrad
Germany defeated - cold
Turning point in Europe
Concentration v. Death Camps
11 million - Jews, Poles, Homosexuals, POWs, Romani & Disabled
US and Britain embargo oil to pressure Japan to leave China
Japan attacks US
US officially enters WWII
Pearl Harbor (Dec 7, 1941)
Japan takes over most of Southeast Asia including US Philippines
Kamikaze - "Divine Wind"
Battle of Midway (June 1942)
US defeats Japan
Turning point for the Pacific War
Ending the War
April-June 1945: US pushed Japan back
Aug 1945: Atomic Bombs
Nagasaki & Hiroshima
Sept 2, 1945: Japan surrenders
Deaths: 15 million
Wounded: 25 million
Civilian Deaths: 45 million
Starting the Cold War (1945-1989)
No peace treaty with Germany - divided up into Western (US, Britain, France) and Eastern (Soviet Union)
US & Britain: insure the democratic integrity of previously German occupied land
Soviet Union: create a buffer zone to protect against future Western aggression
Truman v. Stalin - superpowers
Satellites: countries controlled by the Soviet Union
Containment: foreign policy to stop the spread of communism
Democracy v. Communism