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World War II (1939-1945) AP

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by

Saadia Hussain

on 18 April 2017

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Transcript of World War II (1939-1945) AP

July 1943-June 1944: Italian Campaign - defeated Italy
June 1944: D-Day (Normandy) - Liberated France
April 1945: Soviets invade Germany
May 7, 1945: Germany surrenders
World War II (1939-1945)
Cause(s) - Food??
Europe
Pacific
Asia
Japan - experiencing food shortage
1931 - Invades Manchuria (Korea)
Emperor Hirohito
1937 - Invasion of China & Rape of Nanking
Europe
Hitler - Fascist Germany (1933)
Treaty of Versailles - humiliation
Jews enemy
Remilitarization
Liebestraum - "living space"
Appeasement (1938)
Hitler took back the Rhineland & Sudetenland and invaded Austria & Czechoslovakia
Munich Conference - Chamberlain agrees to Hitler's demands
League of Nations - fails to reprimand Hitler for breaking Treaty of Versailles
Hitler & Stalin (1939)
Make non-aggression pact to divide up Poland
Sept 1, 1939 - Hitler invades Poland
Alliances
Allies
Axis
France (de Gaulle)
Britain (Churchill)
USSR (Stalin)
US (FDR)
Germany (Hitler)
Italy (Mussolini)
Japan (Hirohito)
India
Australia
Philippines
South Africa
Ethiopia
Blitzkrieg - "lighting war"

Battle of Britain (July-Oct 1940)
Royal Air Force v. Luftwaffe
Britain holds out
Stalls Hitler's advancements
In 9 months, Hitler taken over most of Europe
France surrenders (1940)
Invasion of Russia (June - Nov 1941)
Battle of Stalingrad
Germany defeated - cold
Turning point in Europe
Holocaust
Ghettos
Concentration v. Death Camps
Final Solutions
11 million - Jews, Poles, Homosexuals, POWs, Romani & Disabled
US and Britain embargo oil to pressure Japan to leave China
Japan attacks US
US officially enters WWII
Pearl Harbor (Dec 7, 1941)
Japan takes over most of Southeast Asia including US Philippines
Kamikaze - "Divine Wind"
Battle of Midway (June 1942)
US defeats Japan
Turning point for the Pacific War
Ending the War
Europe
Pacific
April-June 1945: US pushed Japan back
Aug 1945: Atomic Bombs
President Truman
Manhattan Project
Nagasaki & Hiroshima
Sept 2, 1945: Japan surrenders
Death Toll
Deaths: 15 million
Wounded: 25 million
Civilian Deaths: 45 million
Starting the Cold War (1945-1989)
No peace treaty with Germany - divided up into Western (US, Britain, France) and Eastern (Soviet Union)
Potsdam Conference
US & Britain: insure the democratic integrity of previously German occupied land
Soviet Union: create a buffer zone to protect against future Western aggression
Truman v. Stalin - superpowers
Satellites: countries controlled by the Soviet Union
Containment: foreign policy to stop the spread of communism
Democracy v. Communism
Full transcript