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A Timeline of Major World Events (1990 - present)
Transcript of A Timeline of Major World Events (1990 - present)
1990 - present 1990 Operation Desert Storm This operation had a coalition force from thirty-five nations. Iraq Invades Kuwait In August 1990, Saddam Hussein, dictator
of Iraq, invaded the tiny, oil rich kingdom of Kuwait. United States President George H. W. Bush
immediately began preparations to protect
the other Arab nations, repulse the Iraqi threat, and
liberate Kuwait. 1991 Sadam Hussein ignored a final ulitmatum
to surrender his forces and withdrawl from Kuwait.
President Bush and the UN began Operation Desert Storm
on January 16, 1991. On February 24; American and British forces, assisted by Saudi and Egyptian forces, invaded Iraq. Within a few days, Kuwait had been freed, and Saddam Hussein had retreated to Baghdad. After lasting only two and a half months,
on April 6, 1991, the war (called the
Persian Gulf War) had officially ended. The Channel Tunnel The Channel Tunnel, or "Chunnel", a 31.4 mile long
tunnel was completed in 1991 underneath the English Channel. This train tunnel linked the United Kingdom to France and cut travel time from London to Paris from 7 hours to less than 3 hours. The Collapse of the Soviet Union The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) collapsed on December 26, 1991 by declaration NO 142-H of the Soviet of the Republics of the Surpreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. The declaration acknowledged the independence of
all fifteen republics of the Soviet Union following the creation of the Commonwealth of Independant States. 1992 L.A. Riots After the racial beating of Rodney King by Caucasion
police officers, chaos breaks loose and many people wreak havoc in the streets of Los Angeles. Hurricane Andrew Hurricane Andrew was a destructive tropical cyclone that ripped through Florida in 1992. It was, at the time, the costliest hurricane in United States history. Andrew caused 65 fatalities and $26 billion dollars in damage, and it is currently the fifth costliest hurricane in U.S. history, behind only Hurricanes Katrina and Wilma in 2005, Hurricane Ike in 2008, and Hurricane Sandy in 2012. Due to the destruction, the name 'Andrew' was retired in the spring of 1993. 1993 The Internet The "World Wide Web" was officially released for public use in 1993. World Trade Center Bombing On February 26, 1993 a bomb exploded beneath
the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. This event shocked the nation and was considered one of the first major terrorist attacks in US history. "Terrorism is a violent act committed by a person
or group that is meant to make others cower in fear, usually for political or religious purposes." The bomb killed six people (plus an unborn baby) and injured more than a thousand. The attack is blamed on a group of radical Islamic terrorists. O.J. Simpson Case Former American football star and actor O. J. Simpson was tried on two counts of murder following the June 1994 deaths of his ex-wife Nicole Brown Simpson and her friend Ronald Goldman. The case has been described as the most publicized criminal trial in American history. Although strong evidence points to Simpson, he was found not guilty, and to this day no one has been convicted of the crime. 1994 1995 Oklahoma City Bombing The Oklahoma City bombing was a terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. It would remain the most destructive act of terrorism on American soil until the September 11, 2001 attacks. The explosion produced a drastic 168 deaths (including 19 children under the age of six) and 853 injuries, resulting in the worst terrorist attack by a fellow American. 1996 Olympic Park Bombing Eric Rudolph bombs a nearby park during the Summer
1996 Olympics in the name of an anti-abortion and anti-gay agenda. The bomb killed two people and injured almost
150 others. 1997 The Death of Princess Diana On August 31, 1997; Diana, Princess of Wales died as a result of injuries sustained in a car accident in the Pont de l'Alma road tunnel in Paris, France. Her companion, Dodi Fayed, and the driver of the Mercedes-Benz W140, Henri Paul, were also pronounced dead at the scene of the accident. The bodyguard of Diana and Dodi, Trevor Rees-Jones, was the only survivor. The accident shocked the world, and it prone to much speculation and controversy. Although the media pinned the blame on the paparazzi, the crash was ultimately found to be caused by the reckless actions of the chauffeur, who was the head of security at the Ritz and had earlier goaded the paparazzi waiting outside the hotel. 1998 Nothing important.
Moving on to... Columbine High School Massacre The Columbine High School massacre was a school shooting which occurred on April 20, 1999, at Columbine High School in Littleton, Colorado. On the morning of April 20; two Columbine students, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold (both Seniors), arrived at the high school armed with numerous firearms and bombs. Without being seen, they placed two large propane bombs in the school's cafeteria. When their bombs in the cafeteria failed to explode, the duo agreed to begin their assault anyways. At 11:19 a.m., a witness heard Eric Harris yell "Go! Go!" The two gunmen pulled their guns from beneath their trenchcoats and began shooting at students eating lunch outside of the school. They killed two students and wounded several others. Students and teachers who heard the gunshots outside,
immediately called the police. The school was then put into lockdown. The two gunman then entered the high school, shooting out windows, setting off bombs, and firing at anyone they saw. They injured four more people during this time. One was a teacher who was helping students to safety. He later died of his wounds. By this point, emergency service personell had arrived at the school and had begun trying to evacuate students to safety, while other students had already started fleeing the building on their own and running into the nearby neighborhoods. Teacher Patti Neilson, who was shot in the shoulder near the West Entrance of the school, immediately ran upstairs to the school's library where she dialed 911 and urged students to take cover.
This is part of her 911 call... At 11:29 a.m., while Patti Neilson's phone call was still going on, Harris and Klebold entered the library, where a total of 52 students, two teachers and two librarians were hiding. Harris yelled, "Get up!," in a tone so loud that he can be heard on Patti Nielson's 9-1-1 recording. Klebold then yelled, "Everybody get up!" When no one stood up, the two began shooting anyways. The two proceeded to walk around the library
seeting off bombs and firing under tables at the students hiding underneath. They would taunt the students and even asked one girl "Do you believe in God?" before shooting her. Witnesses also reported that the two would laugh and cheer after each shot and seemed to really be enjoying themselves. Eric and Dylan left the library at 11:36 a.m. They had killed 10 people in the library and wounded 12. Of the 56 people in the library, 34 remained unharmed. The shooters had enough ammunition to have killed them all. Why they didn't, remains unknown... No one else was harmed or killed after the gunmen left the library. The remaining survivors in the library escaped as soon as they left. For the next half hour, Harris and Klebold roamed the halls of Columbine shooting aimlessly, setting off bombs, and causing damage. Eric and Dylan re-entered the library around noon.
They both committed suicide at 12:08 p.m., marking the end of the massacre. All in all, twelve students and one teacher were killed; not counting the two gunmen. Twenty-four others were injured as a result of the shootings. The Columbine High School Massacre remains the most famous and the deadliest high school shooting in United States history to this day. 1999 Their plan was to blow up the school during lunchtime with these two bombs, and kill as many as 500 students and teachers. They would then wait in the parking lot with their weapons, and shoot survivors fleeing the building.