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Story Elements Presentation

Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution, Conflict Types, Characters, Narrator Types, Tone, Mood
by

Colleen Hirn

on 25 June 2017

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Transcript of Story Elements Presentation

EXPOSITION
STORY
ELEMENTS

The exposition introduces us to the story. It tells us the:
setting
introduces main characters
initiating event (what starts the main conflict)
RISING ACTION
This is basically everything that happens between the introduction and the climax. They are events that build towards the climax. There can be an endless number of plot points here.
CLIMAX
Simply stated, this is the most intense part of the story. It is where the main conflict reaches its highest tension.
Don't be confused by side/minor conflicts. They are never included in the climax.
Don't assume that someone's death or a big disaster is the climax. Not always the case.
Also, the climax isn't always in the middle of the story. Sometimes it's in the last chapter.
FALLING ACTION
This is everything that happens after the climax. Sometimes things calm down. Sometimes things are just as bad as before.
RESOLUTION
This is where the main conflict is resolved. This does not mean the story has a good ending. Sometimes resolving our conflicts just leads to more trouble.
NARRATOR TYPES
TONE
MOOD
CHARACTERS
CONFLICT
1st Person (Always Limited)
A first-person narrator is when a character in the story (often the main character) tells the story from his or her perspective. They often share their thoughts with us, but they don't know what everyone else is thinking.
THIRD PERSON LIMITED
This is when the narrator is sort of "on the outside looking in," but he or she doesn't know the characters inner thoughts. Think of it like watching something happen from a distance.
THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT
Like 3rd-person-limited, this narrator is retelling the story from an outside perspective. However, they have the inside scoop on the main characters' feelings and thoughts.
omni = all
Protagonist
Antagonist
This is the "good guy." However, not all protagonists are good guys. The protagonist is simply
the central character of the story
.
This is the "bad guy." Again, you can't always assume that he or she is bad. This character is bad because he or she is the enemy of the protagonist.
man vs. man
man vs. self
man vs. nature
man vs. society
Character is fighting against another character
Character is fighting his own feelings...inner turmoil
Character is fighting against nature. Often times there is the presence of a natural disaster or the character is stranded in a deserted area.
Character is fighting against the ways of
society. Often times, the society is doing
something that goes against the
character's morals. Often the
main conflict in dystopian novels.
Tone is
the way the author feels about the subject
It is an ADJECTIVE...like loving, angry, sorrowful, etc.
The tone can change from chapter to chapter or even paragraph to paragraph
Mood is different from tone. While tone is how the author feels, the MOOD is how you, the reader, feel about what you're reading. It can also change throughout the story.
SETTING can be...
month
season
date
time of day
day of the week
year
era
historical event
city
building
country
weather
Think outside the box when
it comes to setting!
Also possible: man vs. technology, man vs. supernatural
Theme
At the end of each story, we discover the theme. This is the "life lesson" or "moral of the story." It's often a short one-line phrase like "Everyone deserves second chances" or "Not all that glitters is gold."
Dynamic vs. Static
Dynamic characters change (rather drastically) from the beginning of the story through the end.
Static characters mostly stay the same.
Flat vs. Round
Flat characters are ones without much character development. They are typically minor characters.
Round characters are ones that the author has heavily developed. The author shows us more than just what they do and say, but we also find out their interests, personalities, thoughts, dreams, and fears.
Full transcript