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Story Elements Presentation

Exposition, Rising Action, Climax, Falling Action, Resolution, Conflict Types, Characters, Narrator Types, Tone, Mood
by

Colleen Hirn

on 10 September 2015

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Transcript of Story Elements Presentation

EXPOSITION
The exposition introduces us to the story. It tells us the setting, introduces main characters (typically with detailed descriptions), and lets us in on what event has kick-started the whole story/plot.
PLOT
ELEMENTS

RISING ACTION
This is basically everything that happens between the introduction and the climax. They are events that build towards the climax. There can be an endless number of plot points here.
CLIMAX
Simply stated, this is the most intense part of the story. It is where the main conflict reaches its highest tension.
Don't be confused by side/minor conflicts. They are never included in the climax.
Don't assume that someone's death or a big disaster is the climax. Not always the case.
Also, the climax isn't always in the middle of the story. Sometimes it's in the last chapter.
FALLING ACTION
This is everything that happens after the climax. Sometimes things calm down. Sometimes things are just as bad as before.
RESOLUTION
This is where the main conflict is resolved. This does not mean the story has a good ending. Sometimes resolving our conflicts just leads to more trouble.
NARRATOR TYPES
TONE
MOOD
CHARACTERS
CONFLICT
1st Person (Always Limited)
A first-person narrator is when a character in the story (often the main character) tells the story from his or her perspective. They often share their thoughts with us, but they don't know what everyone else is thinking.
THIRD PERSON LIMITED
This is when the narrator is sort of "on the outside looking in," but he or she doesn't know the characters inner thoughts. Think of it like watching something happen from a distance.
THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT
Like 3rd-person-limited, this narrator is retelling the story from an outside perspective. However, they have the inside scoop on the main characters' feelings and thoughts.
omni = all knowing
Protagonist
Antagonist
Minor Characters
This is the "good guy." However, not all protagonists are good guys. We will read a story by Poe later on where the protagonist is murdering his BFF. The protagonist is simply the central character of the story.
This is the "bad guy." Again, you can't always assume that he or she is bad. This character is bad because he or she is the enemy of the protagonist.
These characters exist, but don't have large roles. Think of the stepmother in Cinderella. She's there. She causes Cinderella's troubles, but we don't see much of her elsewhere.
man vs. man
man vs. self
man vs. nature
man vs. society
Character is fighting against another character
Character is fighting his own feelings...inner turmoil
Character is fighting against nature. Often times there is the presence of a natural disaster or the character is stranded in a deserted area.
Character is fighting against the ways of
society. Often times, the society is doing
something that goes against the
character's morals. Often the
main conflict in dystopian novels.
Tone is
the way the author feels about the subject
It is an ADJECTIVE...like loving, angry, sorrowful, etc.
The tone can change from chapter to chapter or even paragraph to paragraph
Mood is different from tone. While tone is how the author feels, the MOOD is how you, the reader, feel about what you're reading. It can also change throughout the story.
Full transcript