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Haleakala National Park

Ecology National Park

Sammie Kang

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Haleakala National Park

Haleakala National Park Sammie Kang Pd. 2 Ecology of the Park Predominant Species Endangered Species MUST SEE SITES Invasive Species ~Location: Kula, Hawaii (Maui Island)
~Size: 34,294 acres; Across 35 miles
~Established: July 1, 1916 (originally part of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park then later established by Congress to reserve it)
~Early Hawaiians tended to the areas and kept it healthy
~The National Park Services and the Civilian Conservation Corps helped develop the basics of the park ~Temperate desert, tropical rainforest,
& temperate grassland biomes (depend-
ing on the area) ~ Biggest concern: goats, pigs, deer, rats, & mongeese that trample eggs & nests; competition
~ Ungulates break down native plants; trampling causes erosion; competition
~ Mosquitoes spreading fatal foreign dieseases (avian malaria and pox) ~ the Hawaiian Petrel Bird (`Ua`u): native & oceanic; found near coasts
~ the Hawaiian Goose (Nēnē): state bird; found in grasslands
~ both are threatened from invasive predators, human hunting, & trampled eggs & nests

~Honeycreepers: drink nectar from plants that are being destroyed from Ungulates, deer, & other invasive species; mosquitoes spreading foreign diseases ~ Haleakala Crater: once an active volcano, rocky & appears to be multi-colored from ash
~ Hike in the wilderness (waterfalls) & see rare species only found in Hawaii
~ High elevation camping helps you see the stars more clearly & seems brighter (Milky Way) ~ the first group of people that arrived were Polynesian colonists (1st Hawaiians)
~ many believe Haleakala is the center of where the demi-god, Maui, put together the islands of Hawaii
~ the god, Maui, used his fishhook and line to pull the islands & snare the sun to slow it's movement in the sky; so his mother could dry her bark cloth
~ today, some native Hawaiians still believe the Haleakala summit is the wilderness worthy of the gods DESCRIPTION Climate ~Summit & Wilderness Areas: varies between 30°F to 60°F all year; 3°F change per 1,000 ft rise in elevation; windy & damp; avg. 40 inches of rain
~Kīpahulu Area (coastal): about 70°F day & night; mild & wet; avg. 187 inches of rain The Park is Changing ~ several native speices are endangered due to:
introduced cats, rats, and mongeese
habitat destruction (75% of the forest gone)
~ effects biodiversity

~ devastating erosion on tropical mountain slopes from the invasive Ungulates rooting & grazing
effects the native biodiversity & the Maui's groundwater reserve ~ Known for the abundance of rare species & different birds

~ Silverswords: native plants found in the desert areas; survive the harsh conditions
~ Hinahina: shrub in high grasslands; has tiny hairs that prevent it's evaporation
~ Chukar: birds that were introduced by Asia & Eastern Europe; eat grass, berries, and seeds
~ Hawaiian Short-eared Owl: lives in grasslands; considered a guardian spirit by many Hawaiians ~ captive breeding & then released
~ private & public organizations are introducing them to neighboring islands
~ predator control & monitoring programs
~ aware public
~ fenced park & nesting sites
~attempting to rid the feral goats, pigs, and deer populations Conservation FOOD WEB Native Tribes & Beliefs
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