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Cell Analogy Project: Factory

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by

Natalie Freedgood

on 17 October 2012

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Transcript of Cell Analogy Project: Factory

CELL ANALOGY FACTORY CILIA are like tiny hairs all ove the outside of the cell that help it move around, they are like the stairs and elevators all over a factory. There are a lot of them to help keep the cell moving. The FLAGELLA is a tail like structure extending from the cell that helps it move easily, it is like the trucks that move the products from the cell and keeps the factory or cell moving to meet demands. The VACUOLE stores food for the cell or anything else it might need later. A warehouse is similar to this in that it stored the products (proteins) of the cell and other things the factory might need for later use. The NUCLEUS holds all the important knowledge in a cell and protects it from the enzymes in the chloroplast. It is like the main office, where what the factory makes is decided with instructions passed to the main workers. The NUCLEOLUS holds the DNA that is in the chromatin which forms proteins and even makes ribosomes. Similar to an HR department that also hires the workers like ribosomes. The CHROMATIN hold the DNA that codes for all the proteins and functions. Similarly, its like the office rules that run the office and directions on how to make the products in the factory. And they are all bound and held together in an office manual like chromosomes which are made up of tightly coiled chromatin. The CELL MEMBRANE is the outer layer of the cell that determines what leaves/enters and protects the cell. Similar to the walls of the factory which protect it with only doors that allow certain things in. The SMOOTH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM, metabolizes carbohydrates and produces lipids and steroids. A lot like a production line in a factory but it is automated and does not need workers (ribosomes) to man it. The ROUGH ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM is covered in ribosomes which make proteins and insert them into the RER to be processed and transported out of the cell, similar to a manned production line which needs ribosomes(workers) to keep it functioning. RIBOSOMES create proteins from the mRNA, exactly like workers creating products. The GOLGI BODY packages proteins and sends then to where they are needed either internally or externally. Just like a factory mail room that sends packages wither inside the factory or outside as well. MITOCHONDRIA produce ATP which is used for energy to fuel the ribosomes and other organelles. Much like a cafeteria that fuels the workers or the electricity boxes which fuel all the other functions in the factory. LYSOSOMES detect products that are not perfect/damaged and engulfs them to break them down so it can be recycled. Like a janitor that cleans up all the unneeded things and fixes the broken things. The CYTOSKELETON keeps the cells structure and holds it together. Just like the beams and structure of the factory that holds it up from collapsing. Inside the workers and packages. Ribosomes(workers) along with other small organelles (packages, janitor) more around freely while larger organelles stay in put (main office, mail room) VESICLES are packages made from a phospholipid bi layer they move around on the cytoskeleton, usually from the golgi body, to the correct target, similar to mail or packages that are transported arounf the cell or even leave the cell.
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