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Contemporary Approaches to Psychology

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by

Alexia Kunkle

on 14 January 2015

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Transcript of Contemporary Approaches to Psychology

Psychoanalytic Perspective
Focus-
The influence of the unconscious forces on human behavior
Learning Perspective
Evolutionary
Perspective
Focus
-
The evolution of behavior and mental processes through natural selection
Cognitive Perspective
Focus
-
What role do thoughts play in shaping behavior?
Biological
Perspective
Focus
-
Emphasis on the influence of biology on behavior
Contemporary Approaches to Psychology
http://ed.ted.com/lessons/five-fingers-of-evolution
Humanistic Perspective
Focus- The human capacity for self-fulfillment, make choices, the importance of consciousness, and self-awareness
Focus
:
The effect of experience on behavior
Description
-
Our mental processes are made
possible by our nervous system and brain
connections between behavior and brain activity
influence of hormones and genes on behavior
Description
-
Best adapted organisms survive. Behavior patterns have a basis in heredity (especially those that are beneficial).
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24158365
Description
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The way people perceive information, make mental images, solve problems, dream, and daydream determine external behavior. The science of how we "think"
Description-People's personal experiences are the most important aspect of psychology. We "invent"
ourselves.
Description
-
Psychoanalysis and psychotherapy (Freud) is used to help people overcome unconscious impulses through conscious choice and self direction.
Fake it till you make it!!!
Description:

learning is the essential factor in observing, describing, explaining, predicting, and controlling behavior.
LEARNING is defined differently by different types of Psychologists
Behaviorists are concerned with what one "does" not with what one knows
Sociocultural Perspective
Focus
:
Influence of ethnicity, gender, culture, and socioeconomic status on behavior
Description
:
Psychologists take these factors into account to better understand how people act
Full transcript