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Midieval Art Gallary
Transcript of Midieval Art Gallary
Middle Age Art mainly consisted of...
Influence of Medieval Art...
- the Byzintine Empire is result of the fall of Rome. The art is typically very flat and there was really no perspective or proportion... Many depictions from an Eastern Orthodox religion was found
- Romanesque artists rarely intended to achieve any sort of classical effect. Architecture is dominated by thick walls with vaulted roofs and round-headed windows and arches. The sculptures and paintings were often extremely vigorous and expressive.
Gothic architecture was coined by people who were appalled at the abandonment of classical Romanesque lines and proportions.
Artists of the Middle Ages...
Middle age artists were predominately monks and priest.
They broke away from the Byzantium art style and developed the makings of Gothic and Middle Ages visual art.
Shading, modeling and perspective were abandoned.
The artists, sculptors and painters of the time were the founders of the movement towards greater realism.
Famous Middle Ages Artists
, his most famous works include David, Mary Magdalene, Madonna, Salome, Zuccone, & St. Mark.
, Architect, sculptor, and painter of the early Renaissance. broke away from the Byzantine art style and pioneered new ideals of
, The architect of the Malatesta temple
Went through a sort of evolution
Started with Romanesque,Byzintine, the n finally Gothic
Gothic was the most efficient type of architecture
Cathedral where made of more durable material, such as metals.
Base for modern architecture, light weight structures and playable material
This provoked urge for stained glass, easier on for window framing
Romanesque however advocated for barrel vaults
Byzantine paved way for less boxy sort of buildings with generally a more creative style with arches and flying buttresses
Medium- ivory, marble, metals, wood
Influenced from the Barbarians( German art). Much of this was very heavy tone and mood
Physical Realism was a major movement in sculpting after the Gothic. (Late ME)
Started to depict things in there natural state.
Relief panels became popular- tripych; dipych
Depict much of Christ figures
the last great painter who worked in the Byzantine tradition,founder of the movement towards greater realism
,Artist, Sculptor and Architect. developed a technique forming the baisics of Renaissance architecture. used geometry and symmetry in his work and used the simplest materials developed the use of perspective,
: Medieval sculptor and painter. His work on the set of beautiful bronze doors. Was referred to as "The Gates Of Paradise" by Michelangelo. founder of the Renaissance,
Alberti book of architecture
Illuminated Manuscripe- used for important stuff liked the Bible. Not as popular when printing press came.
Development of using Elements and Principles( Late ME-not as such as the Rennissance)
Tando style- Partner paintngs
Based from Classic and Gothic styles
Light source, perspective, Fore shorting- creating the feel an object coming forward
Sketches done in heavy ink
Medici patronage- Florence politicians, love for art; sponsor artist for generations... all the way to Michalangelo
Uccelo- very percise with his propotions
Craft guilds- society in which the merchents who sold their goods
Craft hall what called the Guildhall
Guild work consisted of: Apothecaries
Armourers & Brasiers (armour-makers and workers in brass)
Bowyers/ Flechers (longbow makers/ arrow makers)
Chandlers (candle makers)
Clothworkers/ woolmen/ Broderers/Girdlers/ weavers
Wax Chandlers ( candle makers)
Had apprentices for these jobs
Was law at one point women had to be crafty, to sell.
90 Pope Gregory, originally a Benedictine, creates a religious policy for western Europe by fusing the Roman papacy with Benedictine monasticism.
600 The early Middle Ages begin in 600 and last until 1050.
610 Heraclius becomes Emperor in Constantinople as the Persian Empire is attempting the takeover of Byzantine civilization. For the sake of convenience, the rule of Heraclius generally marks the beginning of Byzantine history, though it can be argued that Byzantine civilization begins with Diocletian, Constantine or Justinian.
627 Persia is conquered by Byzantine forces. The Jerusalem cross is retrieved from the Persians, who stole the relic in 614.
650 Arab forces conquer most of the Byzantine territories.
677 The Arabs attempt to conquer Constantinople but fail.
700 Benedictine missionaries complete the conversion of England begun by St. Gregory the Great.
717 The Arabs attempt to conquer Constantinople for the second time. Byzantine Emperor Leo the Isaurian.The territory of Asia Minor, together with Greece, becomes the seat of Byzantine civilization for several centuries.
735 Venerable Bede, an Anglo-Saxon Benedictine scholar, writes the History of the English Church and People in Latin, perhaps the best historical writing of medieval history.
750 The first great English epic poem, Beowulf, is written in Old English. The work is anonymous and untitled until 1805. It is a Christian poem that exemplifies early medieval society in England and shows roots in Old Testament Law.
750 Irish monks establish early-medieval art; Book of Kells, a Gospel book of decorative art.
768 "Carolingian Renaissance." -- France
814 Civil war. Charlemagne's united realm is invaded by Scandinavian Vikings, Hungarians and Muslims during these civil wars. The Carolingian Empire falls apart.
1434 The Medici banking family dominates the government of Florence.
1025 The Byzantine aristocracy gains control over the government
1050 The period from 1050 to 1300 is generally considered the High Middle Ages. Western Europe rises as a great power with only China equaling it in political, economic and cultural flourishing. It also witnesses profound religious and intellectual change, including the organization of the papal monarchy.
1050-1200 The first agricultural revolution of Medieval Europe begins in 1050 with a shift to the northern lands for cultivation, a period of improved climate from 700 to 1200 in western Europe.
1059 The reforming popes, following from the acts of Henry III.
1066 William the Conqueror invades England
1095 The First Crusade
1144 The Romanesque abbey church of St. Denis;Gothic architecture is highlighted by pointed arches, rather than Roman arches, ribbed vaulting, flying buttresses and intricately wrought stained-glass depictions of stories from the Bible and everyday life.
1168 English scientist Robert Grosseteste translates Aristotle's Ethics and makes technological
1265 Dante Alighieri is born. Later, he will write the Divine Comedy
1267 Florentine Giotto, the most important painter of the later Middle Ages, begins the modern tradition in painting.
1280 Eyeglasses are invented and later improved in the late medieval period.
1300 The Late Middle Ages begins here and ends around 1500.
1347 The Black Death appears during a time of economic depression in Western Europe and reoccurs frequently until the fifteenth century. The Black Death is a combination of bubonic and pneumonic plagues and has a major impact on social and economic conditions. Religious flagellation appears among lay groups in order to appease the divine wrath. English Franciscan William of Ockham dies. He teaches that God is free to do good and bad on earth as He wishes and developes the philosophical position known as "nominalism." His quest for certainty in human knowledge is one of the foundations of the scientific method.
1348 Italian Giovanni Boccaccio (1313-1375) begins writing the Decameron, a collection of stories about love, sex, adventure and trickery told by seven ladies and three men on a journey into the country to escape the Black Death. Boccaccio's work is the first literature written in narrative prose. His prose is realistic of the men and women in the stories, rather than blatantly moral or immoral as in the earlier romances.
1356-58 Black Death i
Italian territorial papacy, which lasts until 1517.
1419 Hundred Years' War- Joan of Arc helps France win
Timeline 500-1500 ad
Timeline 500- 1500 ad
In order to understand the arts of this time you must know the events and people who made this time, for these events are what the arts reflect