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Transcript of Hinduism
By: David Holcer, Alisha Temirova, Bianca Ye, Karen Wu, Evan Hu
Important Facts and Details
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Origins of the Religion
Structure of the Religion
Holidays and Festivals
Rites of Passage #2
Important Objects and Symbols
Around 1 billion
Origin: Indus Valley current day India.
Time: ~4000 years ago or 2000 BC.
Founder: Aryans or nobles.
Main god: Brahma
Sacred texts: The Vedas
A spiritual leader, Mahatma Gandhi:
A Mandir or Hindu Temple
The language the Vedas were written in:
Origin place of Hinduism on map
"Puja | What Is Puja." Puja. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
"Puja (Pooja)." ReligionFacts. ReligionFacts, 9 Jan. 2005. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
"How Is Puja Performed?" Puja. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
Flood, Gavin. "Hindu Concepts." BBC. BBC, 24 Aug. 2009. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
Das, Subhamoy. "What Is Dharma?" About Religion. About.com, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
"Moksha." BBC. BBC, 19 July 2006. Web. 3 Dec. 2014.
"Nirvana." Vocabulary. Vocabulary.com, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.
Harris, Tom. "How Nirvana Works." How Stuff Works. HowStuffWorks, 9 July 2002. Web. 6 Dec. 2014.
"Moksha: Liberation/Salvation." The Heart of Hinduism. ISKCON Educational Services, n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2014.
Ramon, Jason Cristiano. "Hindu Belief on the Meaning of Life." Opposing Views. OpposingViews.com, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
"The Purpose of Life in Hinduism." Religion Facts. ReligionFacts, 31 Jan. 2005. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
Das, Rasamandala. Hinduism, World Almanac Library. Milwaukee, 2006.
Hinduism Followers in the World:
Hinduism, Sihkism, and Buddhism believe in:
• Om or Onkar, Omkara.
• Originated from India.
Beyerman Temirov, 1970, December 25, Vancouver, Canada, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Azatkul Kudaibergenova, 1950, April 25, Vancouver, Canada, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Swasti Mitter, Hindu Festivals, Wayland, Hove East Sussex, 1985
Yorke Crompton, Hinduism, Intl Pubn Service, (no city Specified), 1973
Sanskrit the Ancient Hindu Language:
Brahmins - Priests
Kshatriyas - Warriors and Rulers
Vaisyas - Skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
Sudras - Unskilled Workers
Paria ("Harijans", "Dalits", "Panchamas") - Outcasts, "Untouchables" , Children of God
: The prayer ritual of worship to a god, a spirit, or any other divine being in general.
: The laws of the gods and people which tell us how we should behave in our lives.
: The force that brings an equal reaction to one’s acts.
• Diwali: A mean of cleansing the soul and strengthening the inner light that protects from the spiritual darkness.
Falls on mid-October to Mid-November
New moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika.
•Holi: Around the time of the month of March Modern: 'Amanta': after the new moon Before: 'Purnimanta': first day after full moon
Marriage begins when two individuals want to join for life. It is usually completed by consummation.
Marriage happens so that the couples can pursue:
(physical desires), and
(ultimate spiritual release) together.
Favourable colours -
The person is placed in his room or in the entryway of the house, with head facing east.
In Hinduism, the lotus primarily represents beauty and non-attachment.
Om or Aum is of great importance in Hinduism. This symbol is a syllable that represents Brahman.
The Hindus relied heavily on the cow for food and farm. Because the cow was known as a 'caretaker', it became a maternal figure.
Symbols of Dharma
: The perpetual cycle of birth and death through the process of reincarnation.
Nirvana or Moksha
: The highest state that someone can attain, a state of enlightenment.
The soul is reincarnated into a new form that can be human or non-human!
reaching the top of the caste system
overcoming ignorance and desires
balancing one's Karma
Rites of Passage #1
There are six different ritual ceremonies for
The Jenoi is the sacred thread
The Ceremony of the Sacred Thread is the time when a
considers his spiritual teacher as his father.
When the Hindus is aware of the fact that they are going to die, they bring home the disease.
"The Jata-karma Ceremony Can Take Place When the Umbilical Cord, Connecting the Child and the Placenta, Is Cut." - Vaniquotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
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How Does Hinduism Relate To Other World Religions?
Budhism and Sikhism
Cycle of Samsara. Digital image. Penn State. The College of the Liberal Arts, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
K., Bharath. What Do The Three Strands Of The Sacred Thread Represent? Digital image. HINDU RITUALS AND ROUTINES... N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Hindu Rituals Related to Death. Digital image. Quazoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Karma. Digital image. Spiritual Knowledge. N.p., 1 Jan. 2007. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Jalan, Surbhi. India – First Solid Food Feeding Ceremony. Digital image. List Dose. List Dose, 28 Aug. 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
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• All three religions believe in:
• Om or Onkar, Omkara
What is a caste?
A caste is a level of a hierarchy. Often, people are born into their positions in society, into one group in the hereditary groups called jatis. The jatis are usually then classified into one of the varnas, or ranks.
1. Brahmins - Priests
2. Kshatriyas - Warriors and Rulers
3. Vaisyas - Skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
4. Sudras - Unskilled Workers
5. Paria ("Harijans", "Dalits", "Panchamas") - Outcasts, "Untouchables" , Children of God
If a Hindu does behaves well and commits kind deeds, they can expect to be