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Hinduism

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David Holcer

on 10 February 2015

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Transcript of Hinduism

Hinduism
By: David Holcer, Alisha Temirova, Bianca Ye, Karen Wu, Evan Hu
Important Facts and Details
Thank you for watching.
We hope you liked our presentation!
Origins of the Religion
Structure of the Religion
Basic Beliefs
Holidays and Festivals
Rites of Passage #2
Important Objects and Symbols
Bibliography
Around 1 billion
current followers.
Origin: Indus Valley current day India.
Time: ~4000 years ago or 2000 BC.
Founder: Aryans or nobles.
Gods/Worship
Main god: Brahma
Sacred texts: The Vedas
A spiritual leader, Mahatma Gandhi:
A Mandir or Hindu Temple
The language the Vedas were written in:
Origin place of Hinduism on map
"Puja | What Is Puja." Puja. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
"Puja (Pooja)." ReligionFacts. ReligionFacts, 9 Jan. 2005. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
"How Is Puja Performed?" Puja. Smithsonian Institution, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
Flood, Gavin. "Hindu Concepts." BBC. BBC, 24 Aug. 2009. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
Das, Subhamoy. "What Is Dharma?" About Religion. About.com, n.d. Web. 1 Dec. 2014.
"Moksha." BBC. BBC, 19 July 2006. Web. 3 Dec. 2014.
"Nirvana." Vocabulary. Vocabulary.com, n.d. Web. 5 Dec. 2014.
Harris, Tom. "How Nirvana Works." How Stuff Works. HowStuffWorks, 9 July 2002. Web. 6 Dec. 2014.
"Moksha: Liberation/Salvation." The Heart of Hinduism. ISKCON Educational Services, n.d. Web. 6 Dec. 2014.
Ramon, Jason Cristiano. "Hindu Belief on the Meaning of Life." Opposing Views. OpposingViews.com, n.d. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
"The Purpose of Life in Hinduism." Religion Facts. ReligionFacts, 31 Jan. 2005. Web. 7 Dec. 2014.
Das, Rasamandala. Hinduism, World Almanac Library. Milwaukee, 2006.
Hinduism Followers in the World:
Hinduism, Sihkism, and Buddhism believe in:
• Karma.
• Rebirth.
• Nirvana.
• Om or Onkar, Omkara.
• Originated from India.
Beyerman Temirov, 1970, December 25, Vancouver, Canada, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
Azatkul Kudaibergenova, 1950, April 25, Vancouver, Canada, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
http://www.holifestival.org/
Swasti Mitter, Hindu Festivals, Wayland, Hove East Sussex, 1985
Yorke Crompton, Hinduism, Intl Pubn Service, (no city Specified), 1973
http://kids.nationalgeographic.com/content/kids/en_US/explore/diwali/ http://
www.timeanddate.com/holidays/canada/diwali
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Diwali#Description_and_rituals
http://atrocitynews.files.wordpress.com/2007/07/caste2.jpg?w=592&h=384
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Caste_system_in_India
http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/caste
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Untouchability
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dalit
Sanskrit the Ancient Hindu Language:
Brahmins - Priests
Kshatriyas - Warriors and Rulers
Vaisyas - Skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
Sudras - Unskilled Workers
Paria ("Harijans", "Dalits", "Panchamas") - Outcasts, "Untouchables" , Children of God
Puja
: The prayer ritual of worship to a god, a spirit, or any other divine being in general.
Dharma
: The laws of the gods and people which tell us how we should behave in our lives.
Karma
: The force that brings an equal reaction to one’s acts.
• Diwali: A mean of cleansing the soul and strengthening the inner light that protects from the spiritual darkness.
Falls on mid-October to Mid-November
New moon night of the Hindu Lunisolar month Kartika.
•Holi: Around the time of the month of March Modern: 'Amanta': after the new moon Before: 'Purnimanta': first day after full moon



Marriage begins when two individuals want to join for life. It is usually completed by consummation.
Marriage happens so that the couples can pursue:
Dharma
(duty),
Artha
(possession),
Kama
(physical desires), and
Moksha
(ultimate spiritual release) together.
Favourable colours -
red
and
gold
.
The person is placed in his room or in the entryway of the house, with head facing east.
In Hinduism, the lotus primarily represents beauty and non-attachment.
Om or Aum is of great importance in Hinduism. This symbol is a syllable that represents Brahman.
The Hindus relied heavily on the cow for food and farm. Because the cow was known as a 'caretaker', it became a maternal figure.
Symbols of Dharma
Karma
Instant Karma
Samsara
: The perpetual cycle of birth and death through the process of reincarnation.
Nirvana or Moksha
: The highest state that someone can attain, a state of enlightenment.
After Death
The soul is reincarnated into a new form that can be human or non-human!
MOKSHA
Achieved by:
reaching the top of the caste system
overcoming ignorance and desires
balancing one's Karma
Rites of Passage #1
Jatakarma
Nomakarmana
Nishkramana
Annaprasana
Karnavedha
Mundun
There are six different ritual ceremonies for
birth
:
The Jenoi is the sacred thread
The Ceremony of the Sacred Thread is the time when a
young boy
considers his spiritual teacher as his father.
When the Hindus is aware of the fact that they are going to die, they bring home the disease.
"The Jata-karma Ceremony Can Take Place When the Umbilical Cord, Connecting the Child and the Placenta, Is Cut." - Vaniquotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Jatakarma: Birth Ceremonies." Heart of Hinduism:. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Initiation: The Sacred Thread Ceremony." Heart of Hinduism:. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
Ganeri, Anita. What Do We Know about Hinduism? New York: Peter Bedrick, 1996. Print.

Breuilly, Elizabeth, Joanne O'Brien, Martin Palmer, and Martin E. Marty.Religions of the World: The Illustrated Guide to Origins, Beliefs, Traditions & Festivals. New York: Checkmark /Facts On File, 2005. Print.
BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Rites of Transition: Hindu Death Rituals." Beliefnet. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
"Antyesti." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.
How Does Hinduism Relate To Other World Religions?
Budhism and Sikhism
Images:
Cycle of Samsara. Digital image. Penn State. The College of the Liberal Arts, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
K., Bharath. What Do The Three Strands Of The Sacred Thread Represent? Digital image. HINDU RITUALS AND ROUTINES... N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Hindu Rituals Related to Death. Digital image. Quazoo. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Karma. Digital image. Spiritual Knowledge. N.p., 1 Jan. 2007. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Jalan, Surbhi. India – First Solid Food Feeding Ceremony. Digital image. List Dose. List Dose, 28 Aug. 2013. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Mills, Jerry D. Dharma. Digital image. HD Wallpapers. Hdwallpapersfactory.com, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
Menon, Vineet. What Is “Moksha” in Hinduism? Digital image. Hinduism Beta. Stack Exchange Inc, n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2014.
http://newobserveronline.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/caste01.jpg
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/99/The_Rangoli_of_Lights.jpg
http://www.stephen-knapp.com/images/818Lakshmi.jpg
http://www.103fm.net/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2014/03/rang.jpg
http://blog.mymela.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/human-pyramid1.gif
http://www.sikhlionz.com/File00110.jpg


• All three religions believe in:
• Karma
• Rebirth
• Nirvana
• Om or Onkar, Omkara
• India


Caste System
What is a caste?
A caste is a level of a hierarchy. Often, people are born into their positions in society, into one group in the hereditary groups called jatis. The jatis are usually then classified into one of the varnas, or ranks.
1. Brahmins - Priests
2. Kshatriyas - Warriors and Rulers
3. Vaisyas - Skilled traders, merchants, and minor officials
4. Sudras - Unskilled Workers
5. Paria ("Harijans", "Dalits", "Panchamas") - Outcasts, "Untouchables" , Children of God

If a Hindu does behaves well and commits kind deeds, they can expect to be
rewarded
in return!
Full transcript