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FAML 360 Concept Map
Transcript of FAML 360 Concept Map
By: David Jenks
What is stress?
Family Stress and Coping
When Panic Attacks
Family Systems Theory
What is the Family Systems Theory?
Counseling with our Councils
What is Coping?
How do we deal with stress?
Daily Moods Logs
What is the Council System?
Why should we use it?
Profile of Trouble
Truncated Roller Coaster
Steps to the Mood Log
Stress can be a lot of different things. Stress is defined as the reaction that our body has when put through a stressor event, which is the event that casued the stress originally. Stress can have a huge effect on the family, and can thtow the balance of the family into disorientation and problems.
We all deal with stressor events differently. Our body produces chemicals that affects how we react during a stressor. Those chemicals cause us to have the flight or fight response. which makes us either fight and overcome that stressor or run away from it.
Stress doesn't always have to be seen as a bad thing. In a family stressor events can bring the family closer together and help them to know how to deal or cope with the stressor event that they are going through.
Coping is trying to effectively deal with stressful events. Coping isn't riding our lives of stress, although that would be nice, it is making changes in our lives to help us deal with potentially stressful events that may come up.
What can we learn from a coping saw?
When you cope a piece of molding it also allows the molding to still look good even as the walls begin to warp and change with the temperature and humidity of the enviornment.
By learning how to cope with stressor events we can prepare ourselves for other stressful things that may happen to us, and as those stressful things happen we will know how to effectively deal with those events.
A good way to explain the family systems theory is to compare it to a working machine. The machine has a lot of moving parts that all need to function in the proper way to help the machine work properly. The family is the same way. Each family member has an important role to play in the family and if they are not fulfilling that role than the family can’t function properly. This helps a family to see the importance of each other so that they whole family can be successful.
What are stress models?
Stress models help us to understand the different interactions that may occur in a family. By understanding these models a fmaily can better learn to deal with stress and make changes to help prevent it from hurting the family in the future.
The ABC/X model is another model created by Reuben Hill to help understand why some families suffer in times of crisis and why other families arent affected by it.
In the ABC/X model the "A" stands for the actual event, the "B" stands for the Resources and Responses that the family has, the "C" stands for Cognition or thoughts during the crisis, and the "X" stands for the overall experience. By looking at each of these areas the family can better understand how they react and what things are available to them during a hard time. This also helps the family to see things they can do better to make the experience more positive next time.
This models established by Earl Lomon Koos. Koos was studying families that are going to problems and how they effectively solve those problems they’re going through.
He found out that families who have been through crises or problems had four outcomes; 1. After they overcame the problem they returned to approximately the same level that they were at when they began the problem, 2. After the family overcame the problem they were at a higher level than when they began the problem, 3. The family after they overcame the problem did not reach the level that they were at when they begin the problem, and 4. They would typically begin a second or third trouble.
This model was created by Reuban Hill. In this model Hill studied families who lost access to their father or husband as a result of World War II. He tried to understand how the family adapted to the situation. Studied how the family responded before the event and how they responded when the event came to a close, or when the father’s return to the home.
He found five different patterns that the family could go through: 1. The family had a good adjustment to the separation and good adjustment to the reunion, 2. The family good adjustment to the separation or adjustment to the reunion, 3. The family has fair adjustment to the separation good adjustment to the reunion, 4. The family had their adjustment to the separation and for adjustment to the reunion, and 5. The family had poor adjustment to the separation and good adjustment to the reunion. Hill noted that the diagram of each outcome looked like the initial drop of a roller coaster and then the other smaller drops later on.
C.B.T helps patients understand the thoughts and feelings that influence behaviors.
A.N.T.S or automatic negative thoughts, are thoughts that we automatically think when we are going through a stressful event or feeling some sort of anxiety. Most of the time these thoughts are not true, by understanding these thoughts we can prevent them from entering our mind before they happen. By using the Mood Log a person is better able to recognize and correct those thoughts.
A daily mood log is a way for someone to change the way they think so that they can change the way they feel. By changing the way one thinks and feels they are better able to come up with a solution to the problem.
Steps to the Mood Log cont.
Step 2, circle the words that describe how you were feeling at that moment and rate each feeling on a scale from 0% to 100% in the "% before" column.
Step 5, challenge each negative thought with a new thought that is more positive and realistic then rate how much you believe that positive thought on a scale from 0% to 100% and put these ratings in the “% belief” column,
Step 4, identify the distortions in each negative thought.
There are five steps to filling out a mood log.
Step 1, write a brief description of the event.
Step 3, pinpoint the negative thoughts that are associated with each feeling.
now rate your belief in your negative thoughts again and put the new ratings in the “% After” column.
By: David D. Burns
By: M. Russell Ballard
The Council system is a way of counseling used in the church that encourages free and open discussion by talking to one another and striving to have clear, concise communication.
The Council System can help us in family councils to openly discuss issues or potentially stressful experiences that may arise in the family.
How can we use it in our families?
There are 4 main steps in using the council system, they are;
1. Open with prayer-Invite the Spirit into the meeting
2. Discuss the topic- make sure to allow everyone a chance to express opinions and concerns
3.Close with prayer- Ask for help from our Father in Heaven to complete and fulfill any promptings felt
4. Have treats!!!- Why Not? Enjoying a treat together can help to bring a family closer together as you enjoy each others company.
Although there are only 4 steps there are some things that you should do to help keep the atmosphere of the council as positive as possible.
When having a council of any kind you should have an agenda. An agenda helps to keep the meeting on track and reminds you of anything that needs to be talked about. You should also begin by expressing love, admiration, and appreciation to one another.
By doing this it helps everyone participating know that their opinion matters and that there is no place for criticism or hate within the council. This is also something that can be done throughout the meeting to help keep moods under control.
What can we do to overcome stressful situations?
What are some ways to help us learn to cope?
We can relieve stress through council system
Stress models help us understand the stress we go through.
We can overcome stress through mood logs
If we understand family roles, family councils will go more smoothly
Understanding stress models will help us relieve stress
Mindfulness is an important aspect of DBT. the term mindfulness refers to our ability to be aware of what is going on in the moment. If we are aware of what is happening we can figure out the best ways to succeed and overcome difficult situations. Being mindful doesn't just apply to bad situations, if we are mindful in our family lives we will better be able to enjoy the happy moments that we may miss out on if we were occupied with something else.
Skills to being Mindful
Observe: Be aware of what is going on.
Describe: Put into words the feelings that you have about the situation and about what you have observed.
Participate: If it is something worthwhile and worth doing, we need to jump in with both feet and participate.
The Three states of mind...
DBT breaks our thinking into three states of mind. Or in other words, three ways we use our minds.
The Emotional Mind: Is when our thoughts are controlling our emotions.our mind is very powerful and the way we think has a tendency to control our actions.
The Rational Mind: is when we think logically and reasonably.
The Wise Mind: Is part of the Rational mind ans the emotional mind. It occurs when we have a sense of intuition or the "AHA" moment.
Being aware of our state of mind can help us see what we need to change and how those thoughts are affecting our moods and actions.
Risk and Resilience
Risk is any influence that increases the probability of harm (the onset) that contributes to a more serious state, or maintains a problematic condition.
Resilience is being able to withstand a stressor or situation (such as risk) that could affect the unit is a bad way. Like a rubber band, you bend back from the stress and it doesn't affect you.
An important part of understanding risk and resilience is understand what risk factors you are susceptible to. As well as being aware of the things that we can implement in our lives to ensure resilience and prevent risk.
Double ABC/X model
The Double ABCX model was created by McCubbin and Patterson. They used the foundation of the ABCX model but changed it a little to add for a better understanding of stress. It has three main parts which are the pre-crisis, the crisis, and the post-crisis. It helps us to better understand what is going on, what caused it and what resources we have available to deal with the stressor that we are experiencing.
Family Resiliency Model
This model was created to figure out why some families are more resilient than others and seem to improve after a crisis and why some families tend to stay vulerable and deteriorate after a crisis. It focuses on adjustment and adaptation.
Adaptation is figuring out how to get through it in a more long term plan.
Adjustment is figuring out a way to get through it in the here and now.
Part 2 picks up at maladjustment
A situation that causes us to feel like there is no end, but as we proceed through that experience we tend to see how this experience can help us and refine us into a better stronger person.
Triage of Stressor events
We need to prioritize and deal with the most damaging stressor first.
A-Very important & pressing
How to Prioritize
Times of Crisis
Times of crisis can be a great learning experience. Just because we are having a hard time it doesn't mean that our family will be torn apart. Crisis situations and stressful situations can bring us closer as a family and actually improve the relationships that we have.
understanding these concepts is a way to learn how to cope
What Else Can We Do?
One of the most important things we will ever have on this earth ae our families. Stress is hard but our family members can or will always be there for us when we need them. So in order to effectively deal with stress we need to work on our familial relationships and make sure that they endure and stay strong.
One thing that we discussed in class was the concept of traditions. Traditions can help us stay unified as a family and help us to focus on what really matters. Traditions now days are typically celebrations and a time when we can get together as a family and have fun together. These simple celebrations can help resolve stress as well.
Establish patterns in our life now that will help us resolve conflict and stress earlier on. Our Father in Heaven has given us the Holy Ghost as a constant companion. We need to be doing the things that help to invite the spirit, and have faith in Christ, believing that he can raise us up from our despair and trials.