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River Narmada

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by

Allan Cherian Biju

on 11 July 2013

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Transcript of River Narmada

River Narmada
Introduction
Narmada Basin
Thank You
It is one of only three major rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west.
It is the longest west flowing river, along with the Tapti River and the Mahi River.
It is the one of the rivers in India that flows in a rift valley, flowing between the Satpura and Vindhya ranges.
The other rivers which flows through rift valley include Damodar River in Chota Nagpur Plateau & Tapti.
The Tapti River and Mahi River also flow through rift valleys, but between different ranges.
Course
It flows through the states of
Madhya Pradesh
(1,077 km),
Maharashtra
, (74 km– 35 km) and
Gujarat
(161 km).
Then it flows into the Arabian Sea at the Gulf of Khambat.
Source
The source of the Narmada is a small bowl, known as the Narmada Kund.
It is located on the Amarkantak hill (1,057 m), in eastern Madhya Pradesh.
The Narmada river flows through central India.

It is the fifth longest river in the Indian subcontinent.
It is the third longest river that flows entirely within India, after the
Godavari
and the
Krishna
.
It forms the traditional boundary between North India and South India.
It flows westwards over a length of 1,312 km.

It then drains through the Gulf of Khambhat into the Arabian Sea, 30 km west of Bharuch city of Gujarat.
Features
Two Waterfalls - Kapildhara
Dhuandhar
The fall of mist
A deep narrow channel through the magnesium limestone and basalt rocks called the Marble Rocks.
Tributaries

It is in the first valley of the Narmada that many of its important tributaries from the south join it and bring the waters of the northern slopes of the Satpura Hills. Among them are:
The Sher,
The Shakkar,
The Dudhi,
The Tawa (biggest tributary) and
The Ganjal.

The important tributaries from the North are
The Hiran,
The Barna,
The Choral,
The Karam and
The Lohar
Emerging from the Marble Rocks the river enters its first fertile basin, which extends about 320 km, with an average width of 35 km, in the south.
It's second basin, the Mandleshwar plain and its about 180 km long and 65 km wide in the south
R.Narmada is also called the Rewa.
Forests:
Teak and India's best hardwood forests are found in the Narmada River basin and they are much older than the ones in the Himalayas. The lower Narmada River Valley and the surrounding uplands, covering an area of169,900 km2 (65,598.8 sq mi) consists of dry deciduous forests.
The Narmada basin, hemmed between Vindya and Satpura ranges, extends over an area of 98,796 km2

Location:
It lies between east longitudes 72 degrees 32' to 81 degrees 45' and north latitudes 21 degrees 20' to 23 degrees 45' lying on the northern extremity of the Deccan Plateau.
Ecoregion:
The ecoregion is home to 76 species of mammals and to 276 bird species, none of which are endemic. According to the World Wildlife Fund (WWF), about 30% of the ecoregion is covered in relatively intact vegetation.
1.
Satpura National Park
, set up in 1981, is located in Hoshangabad district of Madhya Pradesh.
The fauna - tiger, leopard, sambar, chital, bhedki, nilgai, four-horned antelope, chinkara, bison (gour), bear, black buck, porcupine, flying squirrel, mouse deer, etc. There are a variety of birds. Hornbills and peafowl are the common birds.
The flora - sal, teak, tendu, aonla, mahua, bael, bamboo, and a variety of grasses and medicinal plants.
The sprawling caves of Bhimbetka located in a dyke of the Narmada valley at about 45 km northeast of Bhopal depicts pre–historic rock shelter paintings (considered an invaluable chronicle in the history of man).
The Narmada river has a huge fire resources potential, as much as 40.96 km3 of average annual flow (more than 90% of this flow occurring during the monsoon months of June – September).
The river is presently partially navigable in the estuary reach around Bharuch but the river has never been a transport artery.
The Narmada Valley Development Project is the:
- single largest river development scheme in India.
- one of the largest hydroelectric projects in the world
- will displace approximately 1.5 million people from their land in three states (Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Madhya Pradesh).
- immense environmental costs: involves the construction of more than 3,000 large and small dams
- will devastate human lives and biodiversity by inundating thousands of acres of forests and agricultural land.
In Indian history, Kannada emperor from Chalukya dynasty Pulakeshin II is said to have defeated emperor Harshavardhana of Kannauj on the banks of Narmada.



The valley is famous for the gorgeous Maheshwari saris, which are handwoven; comfortable in warm and cold weather, dressy and yet light; these saris have a dedicated, select following among Indian women.
Mandla Plant Fossils National Park
, Dindori National fossils park Ghughuya is situated in Dindori district of Madhya Pradesh in India. This national park has plants in fossil form that existed in India anywhere between 40 million and 150 million years ago.
Shoolpaneshwar Sanctuary in Gujarat
, near the Sardar Sarovar dam site, previously called the Dumkal Sloth Bear Sanctuary (old sanctuary has been expanded four times) now covers an area of about 607 km2
The Pachmarhi Biosphere

Reserve
covers part of three civil districts viz., Hoshangabad, Betul and Chhindwara of Madhya Pradesh.
National Parks
Facts

Don't Waste Your Life
- Lecrae ft Dwayne Tryumf and Cam
Music
- By Allan Cherian Biju
Full transcript