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Ancient Egypt-G.R.A.P.E.S

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Mary Dynis

on 26 September 2012

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt-G.R.A.P.E.S

Ancient Egypt - G.R.A.P.E.S G. Geography Egypt's geography was divided into two parts, the red land and the black land. The black land had rich black silt that the Egyptians used for growing crops. This land was mainly located on the banks of the Nile River. The red land consisted mainly of barren desert and was used for the protection of Egypt by separating it from neighboring countries. The red land contained many precious metals and semiprecious stones. The Nile River Flows north The Egyptians used the Nile for: Washing themselves and their clothes. Fishing Collecting water for irrigation, drinking and cooking. R Religion The religions of the Ancient Egyptians consisted of Polytheistic beliefs. The Egyptians worshiped the Pharaoh because they believed he descended from god. Deities were believed to be present in and in control of the elements and forces of nature. They believed in an afterlife. Temples were constructed for the purpose of rituals. They were able to talk to the gods through prayer. The importance of particular gods rose and fell. A Achievements Quarrying, surveying, and construction techniques. These things helped with the building of temples, pyramids, and obelisks (split pointed pillar). Mathematics System. Effective system of medicine. Irrigation Systems. Agricultural production techniques. Glass technology. New forms of literature. The Egyptians had the earliest known Peace Treaty, with the Hittites. Cartouche- An oval circle with a name written on it, that was attached to the coffins of Kings and Queens. First builders of flat-roofed homes, made of sun-dried bricks, that were made of straw and mud. Mummification Number System..(including fractions). P Politics Focus was mainly on the Pharaoh who was known as a living god. Their type of government was known as a theocracy. A theocracy involved officials, such as: Viziers...the Pharaoh's "right hand man". Army Commanders Chief Treasurers Minister of Public Works Tax Collectors E Economic System Most of the economic system was controlled by a special bureaucracy. The officials did not tell the farmers what they could and couldn't grow. Expected crops were assessed. Produce was collected They sold and traded products S Social Structure Men and women were viewed as being equal. One was allowed to work their way up the social structure pyramid. Both men and women could own and sell property. Women had a greater range of personal choices and opportunities for achievement. The order of the social structure pyramid (in order from highest to lowest): Slaves and Servants Farmers Artisans Merchants Scribes Soldiers Government Officials-Nobles/Priests Pharaoh
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