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Ancient Greek Theatre

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by

Charlotte Couch

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Ancient Greek Theatre

City Dionysia
Chorus
At early festivals, people had to work as actors, directors, and dramatists simultaneously
Only three actors would be allowed to talk during a scene, which increased the importance of the chorus which was a group of men who would fill the audience in on information throughout the play, usually with the accompaniment of music in the background
Theatrical Forms
Tragedy

Ancient Greek Theatre
A festival held in honor of the Greek god Dionysus that took place in Athens in the beginning of spring every year
It lasted a week and up to seventeen plays were performed for for four of the days
The theatrical forms of drama, comedy, and satyr originated at this festival, drama being the most important performance
Comprised of dramatic competitions and choral competitions
The festival was so important that the prisons would release their inmates so that they could attend
Plays were only performed at this festival
They became a stage to explore politics
Winners whose plays were deemed the best won prizes
According to Aristotle, tragedy evolved from songs that were sung in praise to Dionysus, called dithyrambs
Sophocles, Euripides, and Aeschylus are three well-known tragedy playwrights
Told the tale of the downfall of a hero or heroine with a tragic flaw from either fate, excessive pride, or the will of the gods
Hero does not always die at the end, but rather has a revelation about fate, destiny, or the will of the gods

Comedy
Defined as "humorous drama"
Evolved from songs that mocked public figures
Satyr
A playwright at the festival would present several tragedies along with a satyr play
Among the earliest type of play known
The plot would involve a mischievous satyr intruding upon a normal myth and almost ruin its plot until the resolution is saved to its true form and the satyr runs off
Theatre
Costumes, Masks, and Props
Theatre Customs
Only men acted and would play the parts of the women and children
They were not professionals
Always accompanied by the chorus that was made up of twelve to fifteen men, or in the case of comedies, twenty-four men who sang and danced and gave the audience background information
People would eat during the play and either shout something out if they liked what was being said or throw their food and hiss at the actors if they hated it
Bibliography
http://www.greek-mythology-pantheon.com/wp-content/uploads/Greek_Gods_and_Goddesses/Dionysus_Bacchus_Greek_God/Dionysus_Bacchus_Greek_God_Statue_01.jpg
http://www.visit-ancient-greece.com/theatre-of-dionysus.html
http://gogreecenow.com/greek-destinations/peloponnese/epidavros/
http://imgick.mlive.com/home/mlive-media/pgmain/img/saginawnews/photo/2012/02/-da7b50ee193adf47.JPG
http://imgick.mlive.com/home/mlive-media/pgmain/img/saginawnews/photo/2012/02/-da7b50ee193adf47.JPG
http://www.mlahanas.de/Greeks/LX/GreekTheater.html
http://www.pathfinderwiki.com/wiki/Satyr
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2CVO9Vd067U#action=share
https://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=mnVXL0YW_fI
http://www.suescornerweb.com/Photo-Albums/Buildings/10%20INCREDIBLE%20ANCIENT-greek-theatre-taormina.jpg
http://artsedge.kennedy-center.org/interactives/greece/theater/playersProps.html
Full transcript