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Patrice Lumumba

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Helen Baca

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Patrice Lumumba

November 15, 1908- Belgium claims Congo as theirs.
1959- Anti colonial demonstrations end in fatalities. Patrice Lumumba is jailed for his participation.
January 27, 1960- Belgian government give into anti-colonial movement: independence will be given to Congo.
May 11-25, 1960- Elections for government officials are held in Congo.
May 31, 1960- Patrice Lumumba wins the election, becomes prime minister.
June 30, 1960- Declaration of Congolese Independence.
December 2, 1960- Lumumba is captured by the Belgian government and held captive.
January 17, 1961- Lumumba is executed by firing squad. His death is not made public. Timeline Freedom Achieved! Democratic Republic of
Congo becomes Republic of Congo
due to great efforts of Patrice Lumumba "The day will come when history will speak... Africa will write its own history...it will be history of glory and dignity." -Patrice Lumumba Today is the first day of the Republic of Congo’s independence. It has undeniably been a struggle to achieve this symbolic accomplishment because of the numerous obstacles the Congo has faced. But because of the passionate revolutionary leaders like Patrice Lumumba, who have faith in the Congo, those obstacles were successfully overcome.
In 1908, the Republic of Congo was known as the Democratic Republic of Congo and under Belgian rule. While under their control, they prevented African advancement in the army and government, not allowing them a voice to represent the Congolese people. National Congolese Movement Newspaper Events occurred in the Congo in the 1950s that charged the demand for independence. Colonies around the Congo, such as Ghana won independence from colonial rule, showing that it is possible to break-away from such a grand power. The Belgian government also sent government representatives to the Congo. The National Congolese Movement (MNC), an action group of which Patrice Lumumba became a part of in the mid-1950s and soon took control of, submitted a petition to those representatives demanding independence for the Congo. This had a domino effect and soon many other political parties sprung about demanding the same. Big political parties around the area such as Association des Ba-Kongo (ABAKO) and Confederation of Tribal Associations of Katanga (CONAKAT), had influential leaders, Joseph Kasavubu and Moïse Tshombe. These parties as well and the MNC, worked together for the people of the Congo. Issues arose though when the ABAKA and CONAKAT opposed Lumumba’s goal of unity of all the regions and tribes of the Congo. He wanted a strong central government, contrary of what Kasavubu and Tshombe had in mind for the Congo. They wanted a federal system where each region would have much control over their own affairs. National Congolese Movement
Newspaper National Congolese Movement
Newspaper National Congolese Movement
Newspaper National Congolese Movement
Newspaper Congo in 1908 In addition to the disputes, Patrice Lumumba was arrested after delivering a fervent speech at an MNC conference that resulted in rioting and the deaths of twenty people. He was sentenced to six months in jail but got out early because the Belgians called a conference in Brussels, which the Congolese delegates refused to attend unless Lumumba was present. The government released him, and things began to look up. At the conference, there was an agreement to hold elections for provincial and national assemblies. Although there were an evident divides among the colony, both MNC and ABAKO did considerably well so Lumumba and Kasavubu formed and coalition government. Joseph Kasavubu is now the president and Patrice Lumumba is the prime minister the Republic of Congo. "No Congolese will ever forget that independence was won in struggle, a preserving and inspired struggle in which we were undaunted by privation or suffering and stinted neither strength or blood."
Patrice Lumumba Lumumba, and the Belgian premier Gaston Eskens sign the act of independence, 1960 Patrice Lumumba Congo Nationalist Page 1 Page 2 Page 3 Page 4 Bibliography
1. "Patrice Lumumba." African Biography. Gale, 1999. World History In Context. Web. 23 May 2013. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ReferenceDetailsPage/ReferenceDetailsWindow?failOverType=&query=&prodId=WHIC&windowstate=normal&contentModules=&mode=view&displayGroupName=Reference&limiter=&currPage=&disableHighlighting=false&displayGroups=&sortBy=&source=&search_within_results=&action=e&catId=&activityType=&scanId=&documentId=GALE%7CK2421000034
-This source really helped with background information on Patrice Lumumba and is a good timeline for events that occurred in his lifetime. 2."Congolese prime minister Patrice Lumumba and Belgian premier Gaston Eskens sign the act of..." Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction. Ed. John Merriman and Jay Winter. Vol. 2. Detroit: Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. World History In Context. Web. 27 May 2013. http://ic.galegroup.com/ic/whic/ImagesDetailsPage/ImagesDetailsWindow?total=5&limiter=AC+y&displayGroupName=Images&currPage=1&sortBy=relevance%2Cdescending&query=BS+Lumumba%2C+Patrice&prodId=WHIC&action=2&catId=&documentId=GALE%7CPC3447087257&userGroupName=oak30216&
-This source provided pictures of Patrice Lumumba and explanations. 3."Patrice Lumumba." Historic World Leaders. Gale, 1994. U.S. History In Context. Web. 27 May 2013/
-This site had very good timeline information and good details concerning the movement Lumumba was a part of. 4. "Patrice Lumumba - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Wikipedia, 19 May 2013. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Patrice_Lumumba>
-This source was used for the sole purpose of getting an idea of who Lumumba was and his life. Joseph Kasavubu Moise Tshombe "The day will come when history will speak... Africa will write its own history... It will be a history of glory and dignity." - Patrice Lumumba Patrice Lumumba- 1925-1961
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