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Frogs by Aristophanes

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Emmy Turl

on 23 October 2012

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Transcript of Frogs by Aristophanes

Humour in FROGS In ancient Greece, comedy was used as a way for a playwright to get their political opinions across to an audience. The parabasis in the middle of the play held a serious message that was more effective alongside the humour of the rest of the play. Visual Humour Verbal Humour Farce In Aristophanes this is often linked to situation comedy and satire, with ridiculous, exaggerated scenarios and acting. Example: The slapstick comedy when Xanthias and Dionysus are being whipped by Aeacus This ranges from grotesque masks and gaudy costumes to slapstick humour. Example: Dionysus appears dressed in a feminine yellow robe and trying to look like Heracles. This refers to word play such as puns Example: Heracles: You could go via rope and scaffold, if you don't mind hanging around for a bit

Dionysus: It would be a pain in the neck Surreal Humour Vulgar Humour Scatological Humour This is based on references to bodily emissions. Example: When Dionysus wets himself outside the palace of Pluto Strange, unrealistic ideas are incorporated into the play Example: A chorus made up of singing frogs, a talking corpse, a trip to the underworld etc. This includes foul language, innuendo and sexual gestures. Example: Dionysus: "...that you need a crap" Types of Humour Satire Parody Impersonation Example: Dionysus is dressed in a lion skin to look like Heracles Satire is when well known people or ideas are made to look silly. Politicians are a favourite target - Aristophanes often made fun of new innovative ideas people were putting forward. Example: Heracles makes fun of Morsimus - "...or copied out a speech by Morsimus" This is when a play quotes or emulates scenes from other art forms Example: The argument between Aeschylus and Euripides in which they quote each other's work - "to hear me and to hearken" Topical Allusions Situation Comedy Character-based Humour This is when a basic comic character is established with such speed and and success that the audience will laugh as soon as he comes on stage. Example: Dionysus' appearance at the start of the play References towards events relevant at the time of writing Example: Dionysus: "Not to mention anyone who's learnt that war-dance by Cinesias" This is when ordinary people find themselves in extraordinary situations and react in unusual entertaining ways. Example: Dionysus trying to persuade the corpse to carry the baggage This is when characters copy the appearance or behaviour of well known people or characters. This is often an integral part of Aristophanes' satire. by Aristophanes Frogs was written in 405 BC by Aristophanes. He was a dramatist in the period of Old Comedy and his plays are famous for their political satire and sexual and scatological innuendo.
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