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Transcript of Rising Intonation
What is Rising Intonation?
Rising intonation is a phenomenon; it can express various emotions, such as non-finality, incompleteness, question, surprise, doubt, hesitation, interest, request and suggestion, lack of confidence, and even insecurity.
Rising intonation is used for the emotions mentioned above, but you should understand that rising intonation in different situations may sound differently.
The uses of Rising Intonation
Is used in general questions, in introductory phrases (at the beginning of the sentence), in the first part of alternative questions (before "or"), in the second part of tag questions .
What is Intonation?
INTONATION refers to linguistic uses of pitch to convey meaning at the sentence or discourse level. It also refers to the use of melody and includes rise and fall of the voice when speaking . Without intonation, it's impossible to understand the expressions and thoughts that go with words.
In rising intonation the speaker’s pitch rises and stays HIGH at the end of a sentence. The rising pitch at the end of a sentence indicates that the speaker is waiting for a reply.
It's found in yes/no questions
Kind of uses
General questions Was she glad to /SEE him?
Dependent or introductory parts of sentences If he /CALLS, ask him to /COME.
The first part of alternative questions (before “or”) Would you like an /APple or a /PEAR?
Direct address /SIR, you dropped your note/BOOK
Enumerating items in a list She bought / bread, / cheese and to/MATOES.
Tag questions (When the speaker is not sure that the answer will be “yes” or wants your opinion) It’s a beautiful \TOWN, /ISN’T it? (The speaker thinks that the town is beautiful but asks for your opinion and confirmation.)
We vary the intonation of a question tag depending on whether we are asking a real question, or just using the question tag to keep the conversation flowing.
Real question - rising intonation
You will do it quickly, won't you?
John and Mark aren't English, are they?
Checking information or making conversation - falling intonation
We've seen that film, haven't we?
Paul doesn't like mushrooms, does he?
Is it five o’clock yet?
Do you think he is funny?
Is he coming?
YES OR NOT QUESTIONS
wh-questions that ask for clarification or restating end in rising intonation.
What did you just say?
What did you say your name was?
Names: Karina Contreras
Teacher: Miguel Campos
Subject : Phonetics and Phonology II