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European Exploration and Settlement

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by

Tim Moore

on 23 August 2013

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Transcript of European Exploration and Settlement

You are looking to start a new community!
What is most important to you?
-Fresh Water Source
-Fertile Land
-Friendly Neighbors
-Mild Climate
-Near a river
-Near a ocean
-Near a forest
-Area suitable for defense against enemy
-other...?
The factors you just considered are similar
to those that the early European considered
when determining where to settle in the Americas
When Christopher Columbus set sail across the Atlantic, he was heading towards...?
China!
But instead, without knowing, he ran into....
West Indies!
Columbus doesn't know that he has
discovered a new world, but eventually
Europeans figure it out. So what do you
think this means
for the Western Hemisphere (known
then as the "New World")?????
The Americas are open
for exploration and conquest!
Spain starts an Empire
After Columbus discovers West Indies
(which he still thinks is Asia), the
Columbian Exchange begins
What is the
Columbian Exchange?
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases
and people across the Atlantic Ocean between
Europe and the Americas
Does it still continue today?
What else does this discovery do for Europeans?
Now we will discuss the European Nations and their conquests of the NEW WORLD
1. Spain
2. French
3. English
Spain conquers West Indies, Mexico, and a significant portion of Latin America
Hernan Cortes
Cortes and 500 conquistadors arrive in Tenochtitlan and are stunned at what they see...
"Are we dreaming?!?!"
A beautiful city ruled by the
Aztecs
With Indians help (and disease), Cortes
conquers Tenochtitlan...and build Mexico City, capital of "New Spain"
From here, a very famous expedition gets underway,
called the Coronado Expedition
In search of "golden cities", Coronado and his men
set out towards North America
They don't find these cities,
but claim much of the American
Southwest for the Spanish Empire
Along with Juan Ponce de Leon's conquest of Florida,
Spain now controls much of North and South America
What about France?
Other nations like France
see what Spain is doing and
are jealous! Where can we claim
land!?!
France sends Jacques Cartier to find
an all-water route through North America.
Instead, he finds and claims present day Canada
French settlement begins, and instead of finding gold
like the Spanish did, they discover...?
Beaver fur
After the French begin to settle
Canada, where do you think they
explore next? Map...
After the exploration all the way down Miss. River, France claims everything West of it!!!!!!!!!
Most relevant to "US"? What about the English??
John Cabot, inspired by Columbus,
sets sail for Asia but unknowingly
lands in Newfoundland and Nova
Scotia
Then, in 1607...
Jamestown is settled!
But there are several issues with Jamestown
Swampy, disease carrying
mosquitoes, Native
Americans, farming
for food...
Who comes to the
rescue?
Pocahontas, the daughter of a
powerful Indian leader, helps the colonists survive (from starvation, from Natives, etc...)
What if...?
Life is still a struggle in Jamestown, but more settelers arrive, and
John Rolfe finds a crop that they can grow in VA...
The English eventually take New Amsterdam and make it New York
After discussing all of this, who have we left out?????!!!!?
Slaves were needed to mine gold and raise sugar
So they were taken from homelands in
Africa and brought to the New World

How long will slavery last in the Americas?
Who else did we forget?
The people that were here first!!!!
Friends or foes?
It really depended on
the country, and what they were "looking for"

Full transcript