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Water Crisis in Libya

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by

Jae Warren

on 31 May 2015

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Transcript of Water Crisis in Libya


Libya Water Crisis
What is it?
By Jae Warren
How Is it Changing
How ought it be managed?
Conclusion
Where Is It?
Libya is located within Northern Africa. It is the seventeenth largest country in the world and the fourth largest in Africa. Libya's coastline borders the Mediterranean Sea and lies between Tunisia and Egypt. Libya sits within reach of major European countries and throughout history it has linked the Arab countries of North Africa with those of the Middle East.
Libya's terrain is mostly barren, and features flat to undulating plains, plateaus and depressions.

The Mediterranean coast and the Sahara Desert are Libya's most prominent natural features.

South of Libya's narrow coastal strip is a sparse grassland giving way to the Sahara Desert, a vast, infertile wasteland that supports a very small percentage of people and agriculture.

Important Geographical Information

Geographic coordinates:
25 00 N, 17 00 E

Area:
total land: 1,759,540 sq km
water: 0 sq km

Land boundaries:
total: 4,348 km
border countries: Algeria 982 km, Chad 1,055 km, Egypt 1,115 km, Niger 354 km, Sudan 383 km, Tunisia 459 km

Coastline:
1,770 km

Geography -
more than 90% of the country is desert or semi desert

Climate:
Mediterranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior

Terrain:
Mostly barren, flat to undulating plains, plateaus, depressions

Libya Needs Water
Libya has a total population of 6.155 million and with a rapidly increasing growth rate Libya's water crisis can only get worse.

By the time of 2030, if Libya has not resolved the water problem up to 60% of Libya's population will not have access to clean drinking water.

To bring Libya out of poverty solutions need to be found, as agriculture is a key to providing families with money needed for education.
Libya
Water Quality
Fossil Water rests underground in fossil aquifers for thousands or even millions of years, just like a fossil.
Water Scarcity
Libya is the fifth most water scarce area in the world.

93% of Libya's total land surface receives less than 100ml of rain a year.
Nearly all of Libya’s water is fossil water, or groundwater that has remained sealed in an aquifer for a long period of time.

Even the fossil water supplies are limited.
Effects of the Quality and Quantity of Water
Groundwater in Libya
Sahara Desert in Libya
Roman Cathedral on the Libya Coastline
Tripoli
Tripoli is the capital city of Libya. The city is located in the northwestern part of Libya on the edge of the Sahara Desert, on a point of rocky land projecting into the Mediterranean and forming a bay.
It was founded in the 7th century BC by the Phoenicians, who named it Oea. Due to the city's long history, there are many sites of archaeological significance in Tripoli.
The city of Tripoli
Women are required to walk long distances to receive groundwater and this puts safety at risk.

The bacteria in the stagnant fossil water can cause water born diseases.

Time that could be spent on education or caring for the family is instead spent on fetching water.

Money is wasted while attempting to cure water born diseases.

Women will spend up to 6 hours a day just fetching water.

Only 1.2% of Libya is cultivable
50% of Libya's population does not have access to clean water.
Solutions
Libya can review agriculture water policies in order to minimize local deficits in water resources to avoid contamination in coastal areas.

Desalination projects have been recently constructed, however, due to the cost of energy most of the plants are used for industrial purpose. Once the plants are converted for common citizens, the scarcity could be decreased.

Developing additional non-conventional sources of water supply needs to be considered. This should be supported by creating authorized water institutions lead by high-professional staff. This would allow for decisive measurements amongst places that consume the most water. It would also protect the environment

Efforts to solve the crisis
Man Made River Project

Efforts are being made by the government. The man made river project is the worlds largest irrigation system. This aims to provide ground water to the Sahara Desert and Northern Africa through a network of pipes.

The man made river project aims to extract water from the underground reservoirs and transport it to the various cities and towns across Libya.

I hope this presentation gave an insight into the Libya Water crisis.

Thank you for Watching.
Map of Africa
Hand Drawn Map
Full transcript