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Genitourinary system Review
Diana D'Amelioon 12 April 2013
Transcript of Genitourinary system Review
Medical Word Elements Testosterone Semen Fluid containing sperm and secretions from the prostate and other structures of the male reproductive system; also called seminal fluid Androgenic hormone responsible fo rthe development of the male sex organs, including the penis, testicles, scrotum and prostate. cyst/o
Vesic/o bladder glomerul/o glomerulus lith/o stone, meat/o opening, nephr/o
pyel/o renal pelvis ur/o urine urinary tract meatus calculus ureter/o ureter urethr/o urethra Medical Word Elements Male Reproductive System andr/o male balan/o glans penis epididym/o epididymus orch/o
test/o testis plural is testes perine/o perineum area between scrotum or vulva and anus prostat/o prostate gland spermat/o
sperm/o spermatozoa sperm cells Medical Word Elements Male Reproductive System varic/o dilated vein vas/o vessel vas deferems duct vesicul/o seminal vesicle Other albumin/o albumin protein azot/o nitrogenous compounds bacteri/o bacteroa singular; bacterium crypt/o hidden gonad/o gonads sex glands kal/i potassium Medical Word Elements Other ketan/o ketone bodies (acids and acetiones) noct/o night olig/o scanty py/ pus Suffixes -cide killing -genesis forming, producing, origin -iasis abnormal condition (produced by something specific Medical Word Elements Suffixes -ism condition -spadius slit, fissurre -uria urine prefixes dia- through, across retro- backward, behind Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms This might be more interesting? anuria absence of urine production or urinary output: may be obstructive or unobstructive azotemia
uremia retention of excessive amounts of nitrogenous compounds (urea, creatinine and uric acid ) in the blood bladder neck obstruction
BNO Blockage at the base of the bladder that reduces or prevents urine from passing into the urethra
What can cause it? BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia, bladder stones, bladder tumors, tumors in the pelvic cavity Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms more stuff chronic renal failure renal failure that occurs over a period of years, in which the kidneys lose their ability to maintain volume and composition of body fluids with normal dietary intake dysuria Painful or difficult urination, commonly described as a "burning sensation" while urinating end-stage renal disease (ESRD) Condition in which kidney function is permanently lost Enuresis Involuntary discharge of urine; also called incontinence Nighttime enuresis is nocturnal enuresis
Daytime enuresis is diurnal enuresis Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms there are a lot of terms! fistula abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another frequency voiding urine at frequent intervals hesitancy Involuntary delay in initiating urination hydronephrosis Abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis and the calyces of one or both kidneys due to pressure from accumulated urine that cannot flow past an obstruction to the urinary tract nephrotic syndrome loss of large amounts of plasma protein, usually albumin, by way of urine due to increased permeability of the glomerular membrane Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms MORE!!!!! nocturia excessive or frequent urination after going to bed oliguria diminished capacity to form and pass urine, resulting in inefficient excretion of the end products of metabolism polycystic kidney disease (PKD) Inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys urgency feeling the need to void immediately vesicuureteral reflux (VUR) Disorder caused by failure of urine to pass through ureters to the bladder usually due to the impairment of the valve between the ureter and the bladder OR obstruction in the ureter Wilms tumor Rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that urually occurs in children Diagnostic, Symptomatic, and Related Terms Male Reproductive System anorchidism
anorchism congenital absence of one or both testes aspermia failure to form or ejaculate semen balanitis inflammation of the skin covering the glans penis epispadius Malformation in which the urethra opens on the dorsum of the penis erectile dysfunction (ED) repeated inability to initiate or maintain an erection sufficient for sexual intercourse hydrocele Accumulation of serous fluid in a saclike cavity, especially the testes and associated structures hypospadias Developmental anomoly iin which the urethra opens on the underside of the penis phimosis stenosis or narrowing of preputial orifice so that the foreskin cannot be retracted over the glans penis sterility Inability to produce offspring;in the male, inability to fertilize the ovum varicocele swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord Diagnostic and Therapeutic Procedures Digital rectal exam (DRE) Screening test that assesses the rectal wall surface for lesions or abnormally firm areas tha tmight indicate cancer Electromyography (EMG) Measures the contraction of muscles that control urination using electrodes placed in the rectum and urethra Testicular self-exam (TSE) Self exam for abnormal lumps or swellings in the scrotal sac Cystoscopy Endoscopy for the urinary bladder for evidence of pathology, obtaining biopsies of tumors or other growths and removal of polyps