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The troubles

A presentation explaining the Troubles of Ireland.
by

Birgitte Emilie

on 2 May 2014

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Transcript of The troubles

The Troubles of Ireland
The Groups Involved:
Factors leading to the Troubles:
The UVF:
- Ulster Volunteer Force

- Against Irish republicanism

- Northern Ireland --> Remain as part of the United Kingdom
- Irish Republican Army

- fighting for Northern Ireland

- become independent from the United Kingdom --> one united Ireland.
The IRA:
The UVF
The IRA
- Quite few

- Main groups: UVF and IRA
The IRA is fighting for Ireland.
The UVF is fighting for Northern Ireland.

Ireland was fought over for centuries by the Celtic and English Tribes as to who would hold control over it.
The Englishmen living in Ireland crowned King Henry VIII as King of Ireland.
1541
1690s
English farmers are sent to conquer Irish lands by King James.
- English Protestants --> harsh laws into effect

- Put the Irish Catholics at a disadvantage
1608
Ireland officially becomes part of Great Britain.
1801
The potato blight occurs.
1845-1849
The Easter Rebellion
1916
Why did Great Britain want Ireland?
A.
To expand Britain's empire and power
B.
More land
C.
Resources that came with the land
This included:
Restricting their education
Not allowing the Irish Catholics to purchase land
Not allowing them to serve in the army
Banning the Irish Catholics from holding a public or legal profession
Disallowing them to vote
However, Ireland didn't want to be part of Great Britain.

Ireland wanted to be independent.
1 million people died of starvation and disease.
Another 1 million people moved to other areas of the world, like North America and Great Britain.
An organism called Phytophthora infestans killed off the potatoes, Ireland's staple crop.
Irish republicans rebelled against British forces in Dublin, Ireland.

The uprising lasted for 5 days
the Monday after Easter -> April 29, 1916.
The Irish leaders were executed by the British.
1919-1921
The Anglo-Irish War was being fought between the British and the IRA.
Britain relinquished power to most of Ireland, but strengthened its control on Ulster through a treaty.
Many Irish people lived in the midst of poverty due to the feudal land system.
Ireland was not permitted to have a national identity.

There were laws that stated, referring to Ireland as a country, or even wearing green was a felony.
The Troubles Era:
A Period of Fighting

1948
January 30, 1972
Protests --> civil Rights
BLOODY SUNDAY
1968
HUNGER STRIKES
1981
British prime minister and the irish leader talked



Northern Ireland should be allowed to decide it's future

Representatives from each group shall meet to reach an agreement.

The IRA called for a cease-fire/ truce in August, 1994, and loyalist groups in September, the same year.
December 15, 1993
The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreements
April 10, 1998
- The Republic of Ireland --> officially a free state from British rule

- bound to follow the Republic of Ireland Act.

- The 6 counties of Ulster (northern Ireland) remained in Britain's control.
March-
The first protest takes place
October-
The NICRA:
- Northern Ireland Civil Rights Association

- Abolish the Anti-Catholicism

- Create equal rights for Catholics in Northern Ireland
Another group mentioned in this presentation is known as the NICRA.
- Planned by the NICRA, the second protest occurred in Derry.

- It was thought to be an IRA statement.
- NICRA marching in Derry

- British soldiers placed barricades

- Prevent the marchers from entering the city center square

- Onlookers and some marchers directly confronted the soldiers guarding the barricade.

- The soldiers opened fire.


13 were killed and 14 wounded.
- Hunger strikes --> strikes where republican prisoners held by the British government refused to eat as a form of protest.

- Felt their rights as human beings were violated.

- Wanted to be able to wear their own clothing, not a prison uniform.

10 people died as a result of the hunger strikes.
The Belfast Agreements were established on Good Friday in 1998, after months of discussion between all of the groups.
This marked the end of the Troubles era.
Propaganda
Propaganda also played a huge role in the Troubles.
Some of the murals still exist in Belfast, Northern Ireland.
Thank you for watching
.

The End!
Downing Street Declaration
--> Downing Street declaration soon followed.
crime
( )
- Birgitte Skaget
SOURCES
http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/IRA
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_troubles
http://snl.no/Irland
http://daria.no/the.troubles
http://www.studie.no/hoeyere-utdanning_2.html
http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Irland
http://www.google.no/imgres?q=the+troubles&hl=no&biw=1024&bih=704&tbm=isch&tbnid=Df_3nNsYcflRgM:&imgrefurl=http://holywars2010.wordpress.com/2010/11/29/the-troubles-by-stephen/&docid=bcr3nd9SKQBtBM&imgurl=http://holywars2010.files.wordpress.com/2010/11/ni_battle046.jpg&w=620&h=446&ei=gcplUeTcHaek4gSBsICoBQ&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:1,s:0,i:98&iact=rc&dur=283&page=1&tbnh=187&tbnw=265&start=0&ndsp=12&tx=121&ty=89
http://www.google.no/imgres?q=the+troubles&hl=no&biw=1024&bih=704&tbm=isch&tbnid=ya7mG1fZ62KSDM:&imgrefurl=http://weburbanist.com/2007/08/03/beyond-the-troubles-murals-of-belfast-northern-ireland/&docid=ECxNu3lNVNlxAM&imgurl=http://www.weburbanist.com/wp-content/uploads/2007/08/belfast-1.jpg&w=450&h=315&ei=gcplUeTcHaek4gSBsICoBQ&zoom=1&ved=1t:3588,r:16,s:0,i:143
"THE BRITISH ISLES"
- The foundation
- Various events
- Consequences
- My opinion

THE TROUBLES OF
IRELAND
My opinion....
Full transcript