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Transcript of Bionic Eye
By: Hannah Feldmeier & Bella Hopkins
Who developed it and why?
Surgeons at the Royal Victorian Eye and Ear Hospital in Melbourne. Penny Allen is the main surgeon. The bionic eye was invented so blind people can see.
How can a person get it and what is its cost?
They are trying not to over-engineer it so the cost is reasonable and so people can afford it without having to be super wealthy. The total cost is $115,000 - $100,000 for the actual bionic eye, and $15,000 for the surgery to implant the eye. They can get it by scheduling an appointment with a company who specializes in them.
How does it work?
The system consists of a camera attached to a pair of glasses. The glasses transmit high-frequency radio signals to a microchip implant that has been put in the retina. The microchip changes the signals into electrical impulses to stimulate cells in the retina that connect to the optic nerve. The impulses travel down the optic nerve to the vision processing parts of the brain. This is where you interpret the image.
Has it been improved from previous devices and is there a future model being developed?
The scientists started by using the bionic eye to make simple patterns or shapes on the eye to see if the patient could identify them. The scientists say the next step is to add a camera so that patients can see real images, not just the images that are created by the bionic eye. With more electrodes, a more detailed image could be put into the blind persons brain.
Bionic Eye Images!
"Home : Bionic Vision Australia." Home : Bionic Vision Australia. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 Mar. 2014.
"Shedding a Light on Blinds: Bionic Eyes Are Ready to Use." Scientific Wizard RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.
Garrison, K. 2013, May 24). Course: The Bionic Eye.
Retrieved from http://kgarris6it103.blogspot.com/2013/05/the-bionic-eye-advantages-and.html
"Argus II Bionic Eye: 6 Fast Facts You Need to Know." Heavy Tech. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Mar. 2014.
*The first bionic eye clinical trial was in 2013
* Bionic Eye Production is mostly in Australia and parts of Europe
*The Australian Research Council gave a 42 million dollar grant to make a prototype of the bionic eye
*The Argus II Bionic Eye is named after Argus Panoptes- a Greek myth about monster with over 1,000 eyes all over his body
*The Argus II Bionic Eye won't cure blindness
*Blind people can see
*can be easily implanted
*research isn't limited by budget
*doesn't have limited access anymore
*it is very expensive
*people with the implant won't see what people with
healthy eyes would see
* it will take training to get used to the implant
*it is still being researched